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Spine Surgery in India

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What is Spine Surgery?

The spine gives our body stability and strength whenever we move around. Plus, the spinal vertebrae (bones) also function as protection for our medulla spinalis. Find the best Spine Surgery Hospitals in India to book an appointment online for your Spine Surgery. For extensive Spine, treatment search the Top Spine Surgeon in India at an affordable price.

Minimally invasive methods are going to be attempted first to deal with your pain or debilitating back issues, like pain injections. If these don't solve the matter, then your orthopedist may perform minimally invasive spine surgery.

There are several sorts of spinal surgery which will help those that are experiencing back pain, including the following:

Lumbar Decompression Surgery for Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar decompression surgery, also called a lumbar laminectomy, is performed to correct the narrowing of the vertebral canal – also called spinal stenosis. The surgeon will remove all or a part of the lamina which is pressing against the spine and causing excruciating pain.

In spinal stenosis, the pressure is being placed on the medulla spinalis thanks to the age-related narrowing of the vertebral canal. The goal of surgery is to widen the canal and thereby release this pressure. this might involve the surgeon removing bone spurs or excess tissue.

Lumbar Discectomy

A lumbar discectomy is spine surgery involving an injured disc within the patient’s lower back region. There are two sorts of lumbar discectomy: minimally invasive arthroscopic discectomy and open spine surgery. Open spine surgery is the more common procedure for a ruptured intervertebral disc within the lumbar area.

Herniated Disc Surgery

In surgery to repair a ruptured intervertebral disc, the surgeon will remove part or all of the injured disc. The physician may remove the disc altogether and enable the 2 adjacent vertebrae to fuse to prevent the disc pain; however, fusion causes the lack to maneuver that section of your back, so this decision must be made carefully between you and your doctor. That said, fusion surgery is far safer and fewer risky than it had been in prior years.

Spinal Fusion Surgery

During a fusion, the surgeon connects two adjacent vertebrae to avoid pain caused by their movement against one another. The surgeon uses small screws and rods to attach the vertebrae, and that they are then left to naturally heal and fuse. The physician can also take a little bone graft from another part of your body to assist the vertebrae to fuse.

Spine Surgeons in Greater Cleveland

There are many various types and approaches to spine surgery and treatment for various injuries and conditions. Consulting together with your orthopedic surgeon to debate the acceptable treatment is crucial in helping you reduce or eliminate your back pain. The doctor may recommend pain injections, physiotherapy, or spinal surgery.

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Types of Spine Surgery


  • a violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot
  • diving into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom
  • trauma during a car accident, specifical trauma to the face, head, and neck region, back, or chest area
  • falling from a significant height
  • head or spinal injuries during sporting events
  • electrical accidents
  • severe twisting of the middle portion of the torso

When should I consider back surgery?

According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the subsequent conditions could also be candidates for surgical treatment:

Herniated or ruptured disks, during which one or more of the discs that cushion the bones of the spine are damaged.

Spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the vertebral column that puts pressure on the medulla spinalis and nerves.

Spondylolisthesis, during which one or more bones within the spine slip out of place.

Vertebral fractures are caused by injury to the bones within the spine or by osteoporosis.

Degenerative disk disease, or damage to spinal disks as an individual gets older.

Spine surgery is traditionally done as open surgery. This suggests that the world is operated on is opened with an extended incision to permit the surgeon to look at and access the anatomy.

Because minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS), doesn't involve an extended incision, it avoids significant damage to the muscles surrounding the spine. Typically, this leads to less pain after surgery and a faster recovery.

The indications for minimally invasive spine surgery are equivalent to those for traditional open surgery. Spine surgery is typically recommended only a period of nonsurgical treatment, like medications and physiotherapy. Surgery is merely considered if your doctor can pinpoint the precise source of your pain, like a herniated disk or spinal stenosis.

Degenerated Disorder include

  • Spondylosis
  • Herniated disc
  • ArthritisSpinal stenosis
  • Degenerated disc disease
  • Other Disorders and conditions include:

  • Scheuermann’s kyphosis
  • Spinal Fracture
  • Osteoporosis
  • Chronic disorder
  • Basilar invagination and impression
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Spondylolisthesis
Cervical Spine Surgery in India
Spine Surgery Benefits

Type of spine surgery

  • 1) Laminectomy: This surgery is performed when there is pain, numbness, or weakness due to the squeezing of the nerve or tapering of the spinal canal as a cause of spinal stenosis. In this surgery, a small piece of the rod-like covering called the lamina is removed to open the spinal column depending upon the cases to relieve the nerve pressure.
  • 2) Laminotomy: It is similar to laminectomy the only difference is a smaller port of bone is removed from the lamina as compare to the laminectomy. Laminectomy and laminotomy are known as a decompression surgery. Decompression defines the removal of the tissue that compresses the nerve of the spinal cord.
  • 3) Discectomy or Microdiscectomy: the surgical process of removal of a whole disk as a cause of herniation or compression of the nerve or spinal cord. Laminectomy and Discectomy are performed together. Microdiscectomy is a Minimally Invasive surgery.
  • 4) Foraminotomy: The Surgical process of the removal of tissue and bone at intervertebral foramina, a narrow passage or hole from which nerve leaves the spinal column.
  • 5) Spine Fusion: The Surgical procedure for the removal of spine disc to join two or more vertebrae with the bone grafts. It may or may not involve the use of screws or rods. It may lead to the loss of temporary mobility.
  • 6) Disc Replacement: The surgical procedure of replacing a severely damaged or complicated disc with an artificial disc.

Spine Surgery Symptoms

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:

  • problems walking
  • loss of control of the bladder or bowels
  • inability to move the arms or legs
  • feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities
  • unconsciousness
  • headache
  • pain, pressure, and stiffness in the back or neck area
  • signs of shock
  • unnatural positioning of the head

Spine Surgery Diagnosis

When the person arrives at the hospital, doctors will do a physical and complete neurological exam. This will help them determine whether there’s an injury to the spinal cord and where. Diagnostics tools that doctors may use include:

  • CT scans
  • MRIs
  • X-rays of the spine
  • evoked potential testing, which measures how quickly nerve signals reach the brain

Spine Surgery Cost in India

  • Find low-cost Spine Surgery at the best Spine Surgery Hospitals in India as compared to other western countries.
  • International patients can get quality treatment and surgery at an affordable price.
  • The surgery costs range from $4,000 to $7,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the Spine Surgery hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of Spine Surgery varies widely. For Spine Surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Spine Surgeon in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.


  • Exercise
  • Diet/ Weight Loss
  • Physical Therapy
  • Injections
  • Spinal manipulations
Lumbar Spine Surgery in India
Spine Surgery Recovery


a. Several spinal surgeries are minimally invasive -- meaning the surgeon makes a few small cuts, rather than large incisions. In general, these procedures are faster and require less time for recovery than major surgeries. They also don't cause as much scarring and have a lower risk of infection or post-surgical pain.

If you have one of these conditions, you may be able to have minimally invasive spine surgery:

  • Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Spinal deformities, such as scoliosis
  • Spinal infections
  • Spinal instability
  • Herniated discs
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Vertebral compression fractures
  • Spinal tumors

It's normal to feel pain after surgery, especially if you have just had a major procedure. In general, pain is usually the worst during the first one to three days after the surgery. After that, it should begin to subside. You may feel some mild to moderate pain for up to six weeks after the surgery, but you should not feel severe pain.

Some back surgeries do indeed take quite some time to heal. However, recovery time depends on many factors, such as your age, the part of your back being operated on, the specific procedure being performed, or your overall health.

Market Trends

The global spinal implants and surgical devices market is projected to reach USD 13.8 billion by 2025 from USD 10.3 billion in 2019, at a CAGR of 5.0%.

Best Spine Surgery Hospital in India
Low Cost Spine Surgery in India

Spine Surgery Risk Factors

  • Obesity
  • Lifestyle and Nutritional habits like smoking or low calcium intake or sedentary lifestyle.
  • Maintaining poor posture conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid
  • arthritis, or thyroid diseas
  • The improper heavy lifting of weight
  • Repetitive strenuous
  • From exercise or Occupational movement

What are the post-operative risks of spine surgery?

Each surgery, may it be a heart surgery or a weight loss surgery comes with its pros and cons.

The general post-op risks involve

  • 1. Wound site infection
  • 2. anesthesia-related risks.
  • 3.Pain
  • 4. Pneumonia.
  • 5. Blood Clotting.

Post-operative risks related to spine surgery in particular

  • 1. Acid reflux
  • 2. Nausea, vomiting
  • 3. Infection
  • 4. Inability to eat solids for a longer period.
  • 5. Stomach obstruction.
  • 6. Weight gain.

Before Procedure

Pre-operative Goals

The medical staff provides the patient with the right amount of:

  • Anesthesia
  • Pre-operative medical treatment
  • Monitoring during surgery
  • Post-operative pain management and care.

In the pre-operative process patient, medical care physician, treating specialists, surgeon, and anesthesiologist to speak concerns before and after surgery.

Medical History and Examination

A detailed medical record gathers information about allergies (eg, to medication, food, allergens), side effects from medication, medication and/or dietary supplements taken daily, pre-existing medical conditions, case history, tobacco, and alcohol use, bleeding history (eg, unusual bruising), and former surgical experiences (eg, problems with anesthesia).

Pre-operative Tests


A small blood sample can provide a wealth of data about the patient’s general health. a coffee red blood corpuscle count (hemoglobin) may indicate the presence of anemia. Red blood cells are needed to hold oxygen throughout the body. White blood cells are needed to fight infection. Platelets are the littlest cells within the blood and are essential to blood clotting.


Electrolytes are needed for metabolic function. for instance, calcium is important for the contraction of the striated muscle also as relaxation of the heart muscle.


A urinalysis detects tract infection, kidney function, diabetes, and therefore the body’s state of hydration/dehydration.


Female patients of childbearing age could also be given a bioassay.


Other tests could also be wont to measure the extent of medication within the patient’s system. Some medications can affect anesthesia, like antiarrhythmics (drugs wont to control cardiac rhythm).


Male patients over age 50 and feminine patients over age 60 could also be given a preoperative electrocardiogram (EKG). Patients with a history of cardiovascular surgery, angina, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or smokers are usually EKG candidates, whatever their age. These same patients can also tend a chest x-ray.


To assess pulmonary (lung) function, the patient could also be asked to breathe into a spirometer. This instrument measures the quantity of air inhaled and exhaled. blood Gases (ABG) measure the oxygen and CO2 levels within the blood also as oxygenation and movement of air in and out of the lungs (ventilation).

Other Pre-operative Considerations

Blood Loss

In any sort of surgery, loss of blood may be a possibility. Your surgeon and/or anesthesiologist will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of donating your blood (autologous donation) before surgery compared to taking someone else’s donated blood.

Stop Smoking (Tobacco Use)

Patients who smoke or use tobacco are advised to prevent several weeks before spine surgery. Cigarettes and other tobacco products contain many toxins, which affect blood’s ability to hold oxygen. Smoking (tobacco use) increases the danger of surgical and anesthesia complications.

Consent Forms

Before your surgery, you’ll meet together with your surgeon and anesthesiologist, either separately or together. During this consultation, you and your surgeon and/or anesthesiologist will review your medical records, the advantages of the proposed surgery, sort of anesthesia, the surgical procedures, potential risks and complications, pain management, pre-treatment, post-treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery.

The surgical and anesthesiology plan is put into writing during a document termed a Consent Form. The patient gives their permission to the surgeon and/or anesthesiologist to perform the procedure(s) signing this document. The surgical and anesthesiology Consent Forms could also be separate documents.

Pre-operative Check List

If your spine surgery is pre-planned, you’ll tend to many instructions (usually in writing) to follow before your procedure. confine mind the subsequent list isn’t all-inclusive. make certain to strictly follow the list provided by your spine specialist.

  • 1. Certain sorts of prescribed and over-the-counter medications thin the blood and retard blood clotting. Anticoagulant drugs like Coumadin and aspirin are examples. you’ll be instructed to prevent taking these sorts of medications every week before your surgery.
  • 2. Make arrangements for your transportation to and from the hospital or surgery center. you’ll not be allowed to drive yourself home.
  • 3. counting on the sort of spine surgery, you’ll need assistance reception. decide to have someone stick with you for a minimum of the primary day or two. If home assistance is required on an on-going basis, your physician can help make these arrangements.
  • 4. Do meal planning and buy groceries before time. you’ll want to rearrange your kitchen, bedroom, and toilet areas for convenience and safety.
  • 5. Follow your physician’s instructions about eating and drinking the day before and the day of surgery.
  • 6. If you’re taking medications on a day to day (eg, vital sign pills), check to ascertain if you ought to take these medications the morning of surgery or not.
  • 7. don’t hesitate to ask questions.

As a result, more health care providers became involved in caring for these patients. This complexity has caused increasing frustration and confusion for patients. the target of this text is to introduce the individuals involved in treating spinal conditions and their role within the treatment of those conditions.

Spine Surgery in India
Spine Surgery Cost in India


If you’ll be traveling to the hospital or surgery center on the day of surgery, decide to leave your home early. Feeling rushed won’t assist you to relax. Wear loose-fitting clothing that’s easy to require off and replace on. Shoes that you simply can take off and on are suggested. If you’ll be staying at the hospital overnight, pack night clothes, slippers, and toiletries. Leave watches, earrings, and jewelry reception. Do take hearing aids, glasses, and dentures.

After Procedure

If you’ve had surgery for spinal stenosis in India or the other sort of spinal surgery, the best spine surgeons in India have certain do’s and don’ts after surgery which will assist you to recover more quickly and fully. Following the recommendation of orthopedic specialists also will help decrease the pain you experience after spinal surgery. Here’s some basic information to assist you to recognize what you ought to and should not do to maximize your recovery.

Do await Infection

Many people become so focused on their recovery that they forget that with any surgery infection is feasible. await signs of infection like redness, fever, swelling, or drainage at the incision site. you’ll reduce the likelihood of infection by keeping the incision clean and dry and taking prescribed medications.

Do physiotherapy

Physical therapy is usually recommended after spine surgery. Follow the physical therapist’s directions carefully so that you learn to try to do activities properly without pain and without putting your spine in dangerous positions.

Wear a Brace

In addition to physiotherapy, your doctor may recommend a brace. This helps stabilize the rear, especially when sitting or walking. Keep the brace on as often as your doctor recommends to make sure stabilization.

Do Move Regularly

After surgery, it is often tempting to require it easy, and you ought to, to some extent. However, movement after any surgery is useful and therefore the same is true with spine surgery. It is vital to recollect, however, that alongside regular movement you ought to be getting an honest amount of sleep also to assist the body heal more quickly.

Don’t Rush

It is vital to recollect that full recovery can take up to a couple of months. Being in a hurry to return to activities too quickly can’t only prolong the recovery process, it can cause damage also.

Don’t Overdo It

Along with being patient, you ought to take care to not overdo it. While it’s going to seem easy to climb stairs a couple of days after surgery, this motion can put undue stress on your spine and hamper your recovery. you’ll go upstairs within the couple weeks following surgery, but it is best to limit stairs to once or twice each day within the first few weeks.

Don’t Lift or Bend

Avoid lifting anything over ten KG following surgery. additionally, avoid bending over at the waist and instead bend at the knees or squat when learning light objects.

Don’t Ignore Doctor’s Advice

Finally, don’t ignore your doctor’s advice, albeit some things could seem unnecessary. Your doctor may recommend avoiding driving for a few weeks or just walking for exercise and zip else. make certain to follow his or her advice for quickened healing.

  • No bending. Bending at the knee and hips are fine, but no bending the rear (spine).
  • No lifting. Lifting anything that weighs quite a gallon of milk — about 8 pounds — is not advised.
  • No twisting. albeit many routine activities involve twisting the spine, doing so is to be avoided during this era.
  • No driving. thanks to drowsiness and reduced coordination within the days following the operation, also because of the side effects of opioid painkillers, driving isn’t allowed. Car rides should even be limited during the first recovery period.


You will not be ready to return to activities as quickly. It takes a minimum of 3 to 4 months after surgery for bones to heal well, and healing may continue for a minimum of a year.

If you had a fusion, you’ll probably be off work for 4 to six weeks if you’re young and healthy and your job isn’t very strenuous. it’s going to take 4 to six months for older people with more extensive surgery to urge back to figure.

Spine Surgery Pros and Cons

Each type comes with its risks and benefits.

Spinal fusion. This is often the foremost common surgery for chronic nonspecific back pain with degenerative changes. The doctor will join spinal bones, called vertebrae, together. This limits the motion between them and the way far your nerves can stretch. But it probably won’t limit your activity. It’s rare, but the bones don’t always fuse completely. Smoking can make this complication more likely. If it happens, you’ll need another operation to repair it.

Laminectomy relieves pressure on spinal nerves and may ease pain or weakness, but the procedure can make your spine less stable. If that happens, you’ll probably need a fusion also. Doctors sometimes do the 2 procedures together.

Foraminotomy: This surgery is employed to alleviate pain related to a compressed nerve within the spine. The surgeon cuts away bone at the edges of your vertebrae to widen the space where nerves exit your spine. The additional room may relieve pressure on the nerves and ease your pain. Sort of a laminectomy, this procedure also can make your spine less stable. Therefore the surgeon may do a fusion at an equivalent time. That’ll increase the quantity of your time you would like for recovery.

Diskectomy: Sometimes a disk, the cushion that separates your vertebrae, can slip out of place, continue a nervus spinalis, and cause back pain. During a diskectomy, the surgeon removes all or a part of the disk. They’ll need to make an enormous cut in your back, or they’ll be ready to roll in the hay through a little one called a microdiscectomy. Microdiscectomy is performed with a binocular microscope through a smaller incision than open discectomy and has become the quality surgery for lumbar disc herniation. Sometimes a diskectomy is a component of a bigger surgery that has laminectomy, foraminotomy, or fusion.

Disk replacement: A surgeon removes the damaged spinal disk and inserts a man-made one between your vertebrae. Unlike fusion, this allows you to still move your spine. Recovery time could be shorter than for a fusion, too. But there’s a small chance the new disk could slip or fall out of place and need repair.

Interlaminar implant: This is often a minimally invasive alternative to more invasive laminectomy or laminectomy plus fusion surgery.

Why choose India for spine surgery?

The Medical sector of India is booming. The advanced technology, infrastructure, experienced doctors, and surgeons play vital importance in the upliftment of the sector. As a result, India has become the foremost hub for medical tourism, and people all around the world travel to India for several medical treatments. Spine surgery is one of the crucial segments as the rate of success is high, the treatment cost is lower, and high-class facilities. The doctor and surgeon in India are highly educated and experience with 10 to 40 years of experience that provides a rich background in the medical field. Spine surgeons of India are highly competent and renowned internationally. Low Cost Spine surgery in India than half of what it cost in western parts of the world, which is the significant reason why people pick India for medical services.

However, surgery requires a few days of stay at the hospital after the surgery. It takes 1-2 weeks for recovery that makes a total stay of around 2-3 weeks. The overall cost after surgery and other expenses are lower in comparison to the expanse in western countries.

Frequently Asked Questions about Spine Surgery

How does one know once you need spine surgery?

When someone involves us with extremity symptoms, we nearly always suggest they first get an evaluation with their medical care physician. If an individual is experiencing low back pain or neck pain, we'll usually watch them over time and encourage them to take care of good, stable physical activity to ascertain if the difficulty resolves. If the difficulty isn't resolving with physical activity, over-the-counter treatments, or pain management and anti-inflammatory medication, the subsequent step would be to ascertain a doctor for an evaluation.

Many patients with spine problems are often treated non-surgically. physiotherapy, home exercises, medication, and sometimes times spinal injections are recommended before considering surgery. If the matter still isn’t resolved, then surgery becomes an honest option.

How long is recovery after spine surgery?

It takes at least 3 to 4 months after surgery for bones to heal well, and healing may continue for at least a year. If you had spinal fusion, you will probably be off work for 4 to 6 weeks if you are young and healthy and your job is not very strenuous.

How should you sleep after back surgery?

It is generally OK after back surgery to sleep in whatever position is most comfortable. Some prefer to sleep on one side or the other with a pillow between their knees and/or behind them to support the back.

Why consider India for Spine Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Spine tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

India has become one of the most promising countries for all types of medical and Spine treatment from a highly skilled Neurosurgeon at many affordable prices. After surgery or treatment patient and attedant There are many Visiting places in India such as spiritual or historic palaces & museums to snow peaks, long coastline, backwater, rich heritage, and much more.

How am I able to find the best Spine Surgeons in India?

Just submit the inquiry form with details, and we will assist in finding the most suitable solutions as per your condition.

Which are the best Spine Hospitals in India that provide affordable Spine treatment?

Visit HMSDESK to find and get details about Spine treatment Hospitals in India. There are a good number of top Spine Hospitals in India that offer affordable treatments.

Is a low-cost Neurosurgeon in India make any surgery successfully?

Neurosurgeon in India have experience and skills are known across the world for surgery or Spine treatments.

Can you arrange a vacation tour after the treatment for me?

HMSDESK can arrange the best memorable vacation tour in India for you.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Spine Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • Aster Medcity Kochi
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Artemis Hospital
  • Wockhardt Hospitals
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Narayana Hrudyalaya
  • Primus Super Speciality Hospital
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad
  • IBS Institute of Brain and Spine, New Delhi

Best Spine Surgeons in India

  • Dr. Sandeep Vaishya
  • Dr. Arun Saroha
  • Dr. Rajagopalan Krishnan
  • Dr. K. Sridhar
  • Dr. Bipin Walia
  • Dr. S. Karunakaranl
  • Dr. Prahraj S S
  • Dr. Vidyadhara S.
  • Dr. Kapil Khandelwal
  • Dr. Shailesh Mishra
  • Dr B. Mohapatra
  • Dr Nitesh Kumar Rathi
  • Dr Prakash Singh
  • Dr Rajagopalan Krishnan
  • Dr. Arvind Jaiswal
  • Dr. Arvind Kulkarni
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