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Prostate Cancer: Types, Risk Factors, And Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, And Causes

Best Prostate Cancer Treatment Hospitals In India

When Prostate Cancer Treatment needed?

The doctors consider getting less invasive surgery to treat prostate cancer. It is considered the best solution for the relief of bothering urinary problems. Most of this procedure involves removing enlarged parts of the prostate gland. Major surgery is recommended only in moderate to severe stages of prostate cancer i.e when the enlarged prostate gland starts showing serious problems or the medications are not working.

What is Prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is cancer that happens within the prostate. Prostate cancer is one of the foremost common sorts of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate, where they'll not cause serious harm. However, while some sorts of prostatic adenocarcinoma grow slowly and should need minimal or maybe no treatment, other types are aggressive and may spread quickly.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Prostate cancer symptoms are as follows:

  • Trouble urinating
  • The decreased force within the stream of urine
  • Blood within the urine
  • Blood within the semen
  • Bone pain
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Erectile dysfunction

Prostate Cancer Treatment Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost prostate cancer treatment in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for prostate cancer treatment at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The prostate cancer treatment costs range from $5,000 to $10,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the prostate cancer treatment hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of prostate cancer treatment varies widely. For prostate cancer surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist/oncologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India
Prostate Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Screening for prostatic adenocarcinoma

Testing healthy men with no symptoms for prostatic adenocarcinoma is controversial. there's some disagreement among medical organizations whether the advantages of testing outweigh the potential risks.

Most medical organizations encourage men in their 50s to debate the pros and cons of prostatic adenocarcinoma screening with their doctors. The discussion should include a review of your risk factors and your preferences about screening.

You might consider starting the discussions sooner if you are a Black, have a case history of prostatic adenocarcinoma, or produce other risk factors.

Prostate screening tests might include:

Digital rectal exam (DRE). During a DRE, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to look at your prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum. If your doctor finds any abnormalities within the texture, shape, or size of the gland, you'll need further tests.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. A blood sample is drawn from a vein in your arm and analyzed for PSA, a substance that's naturally produced by your prostate. It's normal for a little amount of PSA to be in your bloodstream. However, if a better than usual level is found, it's going to indicate prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement, or cancer.

Diagnosing prostatic adenocarcinoma

If prostatic adenocarcinoma screening detects an abnormality, your doctor may recommend further tests to work out whether you've got prostatic adenocarcinoma, such as:

Ultrasound. During a transrectal ultrasound, a little probe, about the dimensions and shape of a cigar, is inserted into your rectum. The probe uses sound waves to make an image of your prostate.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In some situations, your doctor may recommend an MRI scan of the prostate to make a more detailed picture. MRI images may help your doctor plan a procedure to get rid of prostate tissue samples.

Collecting a sample of prostate tissue. to work out whether there are cancer cells within the prostate, your doctor may recommend a procedure to gather a sample of cells from your prostate (prostate biopsy). A prostate biopsy is usually done employing a thin needle that's inserted into the prostate to gather tissue. The tissue sample is analyzed during a lab to work out whether cancer cells are present.

Causes Of prostatic adenocarcinoma

Though the precise causes of prostatic adenocarcinoma are unknown; the subsequent factors may increase the danger of cancer:

  • Old age
  • Family history
  • Swelling or inflammation of the prostate
  • Obesity
  • Eating high fatty food
  • Smoking
  • Low level of vitamin D

What Are the various sorts of Prostate Cancer?

Adenocarcinoma - it's the foremost common sort of prostatic adenocarcinoma that starts within the cells lining the ducts and tubes of the prostate. As cancer starts, the cells grow and multiply abnormally they interfere with the traditional functioning of the tissue.

Other than adenocarcinoma, there are often transitional cell carcinoma, small cell carcinoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, epithelial cell carcinoma, seal ring cell carcinoma, and basal cell prostatic adenocarcinoma.

Prostate cancer diagnosis
Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Treatment Options For Prostate Cancer?

There are many options available for prostatic adenocarcinoma treatment in India.

Watchful Waiting Or Active Surveillance

In many cases, prostatic adenocarcinoma grows slowly, and thus, immediate medical intervention might not be required. The cancer is monitored closely by keeping a tab on the changing symptoms and doing regular testing to decide on the necessity for further treatment.

Radiation Therapy

High-energy x-rays, gamma rays, or particles to destroy cancer cells Radiation is used. Radiotherapy is often divided into external beam radiation and brachytherapy (internal radiation). In external radiotherapy, high-energy x-ray beams are directed at a tumor from outside the body. just in case of internal radiation, a prostatic adenocarcinoma doctor in India will place a radioactive source directly inside or near the tumor.

Hormone Therapy

This therapy is employed for reducing the extent of male hormones (androgens) also to restrain them from affecting the prostatic adenocarcinoma cells. it's also called Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) and Androgen Suppression Therapy. Lower androgen levels cause shrinkage within the size of the prostatic adenocarcinoma and restrict their growth.

CHEMOTHERAPY

In this, the drugs are given by injection within the vein or orally to kill cancer cells and reduce tumor size. This approach is finding increasing use in prostatic adenocarcinoma, especially high grade.

Vaccination

Sipuleucel-T (Provenge) may be a cancer vaccination given to spice up the body’s immunity system to attack the prostatic adenocarcinoma cells. This vaccine is specifically made for each patient with the assistance of their white blood cells.

Surgery

If cancer has not spread outside the prostate, radical prostatectomy is performed, during which a surgeon removes the whole prostate along side the tissues around it. Such surgery is often administered by laparoscopic approach or by robotic approach resulting in less patient discomfort and faster recovery.

After Surgery

Normal control of the bladder usually returns in a few weeks or months after surgery. This rehabilitation usually takes place gradually over time. Physicians cannot predict for certain that how the patient will respond by surgery. Usually, older men appear to have more incontinence difficulties than younger men.

Recovery

Most patients can start driving a few weeks after surgery. You must stop yourself from heavy lifting for a few weeks after surgery. It usually takes three to six weeks for most patients to come back to normal.

Risks

Urinary Incontinence

Erectile Dysfunction

Conclusion

Almost 100 percent of people with localized prostate cancer may survive over 5 years after diagnosis. Fewer people (about 7%) haveing more advanced tumors at the time of diagnosis, the survival rate declines.

Frequently Asked Questions about Prostate Cancer Treatment

What are the five warning signs of prostate cancer?

Warning signs include joint pain, spine compression, pain while urinating, blood in the urine.

What is the survival rate of prostate cancer?

The five-year survival rate for most males with localized prostate cancer is almost 100 percent. For men diagnosed with prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 31 percent.⠀

Can prostate cancer go by itself?

The simple answer is yes, prostate cancer could be cured and treated if detected early. The majority of cases (> 90%) are identified at an early stage, allowing tumor cells more receptive to treatment. Treatment does not always imply surgical procedure or chemotherapy.

Why consider India for Prostate Cancer Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Prostate Cancer tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Cancer Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • Action Cancer Hospital
  • SIMS Hospital, Chennai
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Asian Heart Hospital
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad
  • Saifee hospital, Mumbai
  • Bombay Hospital & Medical Research Centre

Top Cancer Specialist in India

  • Dr. Sanghavi Meghal Jayant
  • Dr. Mathangi
  • Dr. Raja Sundaram
  • Dr. Jagdeesh Kulkarni
  • Dr. Rahul Bhargava
  • Dr. Manas Kalra
  • Dr. C Rayappa
  • Dr. P Jagannath
  • Dr. Adwani
  • Dr. Vikas Dua
  • Dr. Jalaj Baxi
  • Dr. Rajeev Agarwal
  • Dr. Ashok Vaid
  • Dr. Narmada Prasad
  • Dr. Arun Prasad
  • Dr. Deepak Sari
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