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Spine Surgery Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Spine Surgery Types

  • 2021-06-23

Get affordable spine surgery from the most experienced orthopedic surgeon in India. Find information about Spine Surgery Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis.

Spinal surgery could be your solution if you are struggling with back pain. However, the treating doctor would be the decision-maker under any circumstances. We feel elated to say that most of the lumbar cases are dissolved with conservative non-surgical treatments or therapies.

We often suffer from spinal trauma owing to its injury. The ailment carries several other issues like numbness in the leg, leg pain, or weakness. Consult your physician as soon as any of such issue comes forth; you may not need to succumb before surgery.

Process types and benefits

Spinal Fusion

More than 90% of lumbar surgeries belong to this type. Doctors consider this process to cure chronic non-specific back pains that bring up degenerative changes.

Your surgeon will join the vertebrae together to limit any motion between them; it also restricts the nerve’s extending capacity. Your activity is, however, not curbed.


Doctors use the procedure to heal the lumbar spinal stenosis. It involves the removal of bone parts, sours, and ligaments in or back.

Pressure on spinal nerves that causes the condition is thus removed and the patient is relieved from pain.

Laminectomy may hold the spines less stable. Spinal fusion procedure helps in correcting the lapse.


It involves the removal of bones from the vertebrae corners. It helps widen the space for nerves as they are going to leave the spine. You are thus relieved from the pain caused due to pressure exerted by the compressed nerves on the spine wall.

This procedure can also reduce spine stability; fusion surgery is applied to regain that.


The disk within our spine is a cushion-like substance separating the vertebrae. Sometimes, these may be slipped from their position causing pressure on the spinal nerve, yielding pain.

Diskectomy eases the pressure by removing the entire disk or a part of it. Both open and micro-processes are considered, based on the victim’s condition.

Disk Replacement

It involves the replacement of a damaged disk with a new and artificial one between vertebrae. It does not involve any fusion work. Rather, you can move your spine as and whenever you require.

Patients prefer the process over the spinal fusion process for the innate shorter recovery period.


Complications are common in surgeries and Spine operation is nothing exceptional. The common risks associated with the procedure include:

  • Infection at the incision spot.
  • Injury to nerve
  • Blood coagulation is a common consequence of lumbar decompression surgery. Such blood clotting, called deep vein thrombosis, happens in the leg.
  • Symptoms may not be relieved even after surgery.
  • The surgery may also create a weakened spine or slipped disc. You may also get a thickened ligament. All these put pressure on your spinal cord. Surgeons may need to revise the surgical procedure to help remission.
  • Scarring that has no immediate healing procedure. Regular exercises can reduce its probability.
  • Damage to the nerve lining that happens accidentally. It causes the leakage of cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Vision loss.
  • Facial sores due to puffing on the surgical table.
  • Paralysis due to bleeding inside the spinal column.
  • Spine surgery may also cause death, though it scarcely occurs. Blood clots due to improper use of anesthesia may also be fatal.


Surgeons ask about the symptoms while trying to find out the diseased core. H/she may conduct a detailed physical examination to check your overall medical condition.

Following diagnostic tests are ordered in diagnosing your condition:

  • It starts with an X-ray that reveals bony changes. These include bony spurs that narrow the space within the spinal canal. Each ray includes smaller exposure to radiation.
  • The Magnetic Resonance Imaging tests help detect damage/s that occurred to your disks and ligaments. Any presence of a tumor is also diagnosed. Most importantly. MRI scan reveals the spots where the spinal cord nerves get pressure.

Final Words

Spine surgery will help you to make better movements due to increased fitness. You will get an exhaled mood too. This procedure produces the least complications.  An additional refreshed mood will work in making you much more productive than before.

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