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Spine Surgery: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Spine Surgery Symptoms

  • 2021-06-22

Find in-depth information about Spine Surgery Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment. Decompression and spinal fusion are the two most common lumbar spine surgeries for patients with lower back pain and leg pain.

Spine surgery procedure is often used to cure diseases like spinal stenosis. The ailment changes the lumbar structural pattern. It also makes the space around the spinal cord and nerves root narrowed. Under such conditions, your spinal cord and/or nerve roots are either compressed or pinched. It causes symptoms like back pain and/or sciatica.

Doctors point out osteoarthritis as the main reason for spinal stenosis. These types of diseases cause wear and tear in the associated spine. Fluid is thus generated causes space shrink resulting in severe pain in the affected zone. Surgery helps to create additional space for spinal cord movement.

Causes

Bone growth/ arthritic spurs

The condition breaks down joint cartilages including the spine. With such wearing out, the bones in these protective covering start rubbing against each other. It leads to new bone growth. It is known as a bone spur.

Often, the new bones extend into the spinal canal, narrows the space within and nerves start to pinch.

Herniated disks

Each vertebra is covered with a flat, and round cushioning pad known as a vertebral disk. These are dried and flatten with age and crack in the outer disk edge. Jelly materials at the center tend to break through weak or torn layers there.

It causes disk hernia which is one of the top predominant causes of spinal stenosis.

Thickened ligaments

Arthritis causes ligaments to thicken over time and bulge over too into the spinal canal space. Condensed ligaments are a vital cause of spinal stenosis.

Fracture and injuries to the spine

Dislocated or fractured bones as well as inflammation caused due to damage near the spine can narrow the canal space. It puts pressure on spinal nerves too causing such strains.

Cysts in spine

If you develop an uncanny growth within the spinal cord or the space between this and the vertebrae narrows the space. It puts pressure on the cord thus creating the disease.

Congenital spinal stenosis

Having the disease means you are born with a small spinal canal. This along with scoliosis increases the risk for spinal narrowness.

Symptoms

Lumbar spinal stenosis often does not bear symptoms at the initial stage. Such narrowing is a chronic procedure that worsens over time. However, no two victims have ever seen to carry identical signs.

The prevalent symptoms include:

  • Pain occurs in varying grades; starting from a dull ache, it may transfer to electric shock patterns to a burning sensation.
  • Sciatica starts in the buttock; it extends down the leg and may continue into your foot.
  • Heavy feeling in the legs that may result in cramping to any or both of the legs.
  • Numbness in the buttocks, leg, and/or foot.
  • Feet weakness.
  • Worsening pain while lingering for someone, or stair down.
  • Pains that often lessen while you lean or bend forward slightly, or having a seat.
  • Loss of bladder.
  • Uncontrolled bowel movement – it indicates disease gravity.

Treatments

Your doctor will recommend spine surgery when the medications, therapies, and other treatment options could produce no result.

The established surgical options include

Laminectomy

This is the commonest among the lumber surgery procedures. Lamina is removed in this process; it is a vertebral portion. Countable ligaments and bone spurs are also removed in this process. Surgeons aim at creating rooms for nerve exists thereby relieving the symptoms.

Laminotomy

While laminectomy infers complete removal of the lamina, the laminotomy ditches partial indictment. In this process, your surgeon will aim to remove that most pressure-exerting portion of the lamina.

Laminoplasty

Surgeons conduct this process in the cervical areas only. They remove a selected lamina part to create additional canal space. Metal plates and screws are used to form a hinged bridge across the operated area.

Spinal Fusion

You will get such treatment in cases where the disease radiates nerve pain. It involves joining two vertebrae together. Bones thus removed by the process help create a bridge between these vertebrae. It stimulates new bone growth. Your surgeon wires these until they are healed and start to grow together. Healing may need between six months to a complete year.

My verdict

Surgeons these days decided to perform a minimally invasive process for its inept benefits. The process causes minimalistic or nil damages to nearby healthy tissues. Besides, such treatments offer lesser recovery time too.

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