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Ovarian Cancer Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Ovarian cancer Treatment in India

  • 2021-06-11

Get indepth information about Factors that increase your risk of ovarian cancers and Ovarian Cancer Types, and Diagnosis. ovarian cancer increases as a woman gets older.

Ovarian cancer originates in the female ovary. It is an important organ in a women’s reproductive system. There are two pieces with each one being placed on each side of the uterus. These almond-sized semi-organs produce eggs; besides the hormones estrogen and progesterone are also produced by them.

The cancerous disease is hard to treat and chances of survival are poor too. The main reason behind this is that it often stays untraced before spreading to the pelvis and abdomen. Your doctor will achieve success if h/she can detect the ailment fairly early.


Ovarian cancer is classified into various subsequent disease types. There is symmetric differentiation within these sub-types too.

Epithelial Ovarian Tumors

The epithelium is one of the major body tissues. It covers organ outer surfaces. Blood vessels and the cavities' inner surfaces within important internal organs get their coverage from the epithelium. Studies reveal that this type of cervix carcinoma covers around 90% of the total ovarian cancer case.

It is again classified into the following types, namely:

  • High of low-grade Serous Carcinomas that include Primary peritoneal and the Fallopian tube.
  • Mucinous
  • Endometrioid.
  • Clear cell carcinoma.

High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma

This is the most prevalent form of cervix timorous ailment. It accounts for about 75% of the recorded cases. Doctors, thus, mean this kind of disease when they refer to “Ovarian Cancer” too.

It has two sub-types namely the FTC and PPC.

It is a rather advanced pattern of cervix ailments. The cancerous form spreads to the organ-lining that forms our pelvis and abdomen. Fluid thus generated in our peritoneal cavity may cause abdominal bloating. Symptoms stay under a veil at the initial stages. Usually, it is too late when your doctor identifies the disease.

The Mucinous Carcinoma

Diagnosis of this rare type of cancer offers some distinctiveness in comparison to other epithelial carcinoma diseases. Doctors offer other remedies for such a disease to enable the patients to get obtrusive benefits.

These conditions are usually large with a median diameter of 18 to 20 cm. These tend to remain confined to the ovaries under a usual situation. Often the condition appears identical with several other metastatic mucinous tumors that form in your colon, appendix, or pancreas.

Even separating a primary tumor from its metastatic counterpart also seems hard.

Risk Factors

Your risk of having endometrium cancer may enhance due to the following:

  • The disease occurs in people aged more than 50 years.
  • Parental genes may also infuse the condition's growth. Overall, the breast cancer gene 1 and 2 play a predominant role in such propagation.

There could be various other gene mutations like Lynch syndrome are prime factors behind the growth and spread of the disease.

  • You become prone to the disease if one or two of your close kin has suffered from the disease.
  • Untimed menstruation.


Disease confirmation starts with a pelvic examination where your doctor feels the organ and uterus. H/she needs to have an idea about the disease size, shape, and consistency. The examination helps in early detection and saves the patient well ahead of its becoming a grave one.

Screening Tests

These tests help in identifying the diseases that exhibit no symptoms. Screening possibilities for endometrium gland cancer are rare, as no dependable methods are yet to exist. Thus the doctors need to depend on the Transvaginal Ultrasound and CA-125 blood test.

Transvaginal USG

Your pathology team will use sound waves to check the uterus fallopian tubes, and ovaries. H/she puts an ultrasound wand in your vagina that helps to trace the tumor in your organ. 

CA-125 blood test

This test helps your doctor to assess the CA-125 protein quantum in your blood. People with cancerous ovaries are often found to have an excess amount of this chemical in their blood.

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