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Orthopedic Surgery : Types of Orthopedic Surgery Procedures

Orthopaedic Surgery in India

  • 2021-08-23

Acute injuries, congenital and acquired disorders, chronic arthritic or bones injuries, carpal tunnel release, arthroscopy of the knee and meniscectomy, Etc. Find Orthopedics & Types of Orthopedics Surgeries in India.

Orthopedic Surgery focuses on musculoskeletal system treatment. The entire system comprises bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and tendons. Sometimes, an orthopedic surgeon needs to treat the skin.

An orthopedic surgeon should possess expertise in those above-mentioned treatments. Besides, they need to have several sub-specialties. These include pediatrics, adult reconstruction, and orthopedic surgery.

His/her other treatments areas include sports and trauma handling. Spine, foot, hand, and shoulder come into this scope.

The different clinical expertise of an orthopedic surgeon

Reputed clinic’s orthopedic experts hand the following structural issues:

  • Joint replacement. These include adult reconstruction, replacement, and revision.
  • Trauma.
  • Fracture care.
  • Hand and shoulder surgery.
  • Hip replacement and surgery.
  • Knee surgery that may involve replacement too.
  • Microvascular procedures; include nerve repair. Nerve and muscle grafts also form the list.
  • Spine surgery.
  • Foot and ankle injuries.
  • Orthopedic conditions to children.
  • Limb deformities.
  • Sports injuries.
  • Bone tumor surgeries including osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma.
  • Soft tissue sarcomas including rhabdomyosarcoma.

These people work in conjunction with other clinical specialists. Jointly, they ensure thorough problem evaluation. They also work together to go through all the treatment options.

Orthopedic Surgery types

Surgeons perform different types of Orthopedic Surgery. Wounds can occur to a body organ. Treatments are thus varied too.

Different surgeries address various body parts. Most surgical treatments were major invasive procedures earlier. Currently, surgeons have become experts in performing routine exercises too. Its credit goes to technological advancement.

Numerous organ surgeries are now minimally invasive. Patients and their families like these processes. No large incision is involved in these methods. Surgeons pot different smaller holes in the surgical area. Both the redress and recovery processes are smooth and fast.

An Orthopedist must inform the patient or his/her allies about the most appropriate surgery. H/she should disclose the process risks and advantages. It helps in establishing the logic behind the choice. The doctor must discuss other options too, if available.

Knee Replacement

We use the knee the most in our regular activities. Often we make the mistake of over-using this important sub-organ. Repeated overuses lead it to the severe injury point.

Knee replacement involves the original knee substitution with an artificial one. Sometimes the doctors need to change the full sub-organ. In most cases, a proportionate substitute resolves their purpose.

Knee replacement becomes necessary when the cartilage joint is damaged. It hinders natural movement. In other cases, movement becomes too painful. Reasons could be trauma to the knee, obesity, and bursitis.

Hip Replacement

Hip comes next to knee in terms of being used. This sub-organ comprises a socket and a ball. We call the former one an acetabulum. The other one is called the femoral head.

Excessive misuses can damage the hip. Its cartilages thus wear out.

Hip replacements are also full and partial. Surgeons decide the type based on the patient’s condition. However, most cases belong to the former type.

Surgeons these days are practicing another technically advanced procedure. They call it the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing. In this procedure, they can replace only the damaged joint part. However, the performance percentage is too trivial.

ACL Surgery

ACL stands for the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. It is an integral knee part running diagonally across the front. The body sub-organ helps keep you stable when you rotate balancing the leg. Ligament tearing would require reconstructive surgery to redeem its functioning.

The surgeon takes a tendon from another body part. H/she then grafts it over the damaged ACL portion. It is a minor surgery. Therefore, you can expect to get back home within a few hours.

Shoulder Replacement

Shoulder takes a huge portion of our daily chores. Therefore, we should be extremely careful to keep it unhurt.

The severely wounded shoulder may require replacement. The orthopedist removes the upper humerus and the upper arm bones. They replace these with metal balls.

Sometimes, our rotator cuff is also damaged. In such cases, surgeons put metal prostheses instead of plastics. However, arm bone gets plastic replacement irrespective of the cases.

Arthroscopy

People also refer to it as arthroscopic surgery. It is a knee procedure. Often surgeons perform this on the shoulder. This minimally invasive procedure sometimes works well as a replacement substitute.

The operative doctor places a small camera into the body near the affected joint. It helps him/her get a clear damage screen-up.

Doctors try this procedure before doing a replacement surgery too. Arthroscopy helps them know about the damage extensiveness. Based on its outcome, they can fairly decide if replacement is needed.

Bone grafting

Some of our body parts may suddenly stop producing new bones. Orthopedic surgeons heal the area with bones from other body parts. The person thus gets the needed strength for mobilizing.

You will be under general anesthesia during the whole procedure. The surgeon will make an incision above the damaged area. H/she then places the bone substitute through that incision into the damaged area.

The process may require additional tools and supports. These help in perfect graft positioning. Usually, they use plates. However, there are other conductors too, like:

  • Screws.
  • Cables.
  • Wires.
  • Pins.

You will be under vigilance even after hours post-procedure. Patients get release from the hospital after a few days. They will provide instructions to combat future infections. You will get it at the time of discharge.

Fracture repair

This Orthopedic surgery process helps repair severely broken bones. Fragmented bones need stabilization.

Your surgeon will put implants in the broken site. Plates are the first choices. However, surgeons may use other prosthetic materials too.

Young people want quick recovery from their reflexive actions. Thus, surgeons use flexible metals in plate form. Connectors other than plates include rods, screws, and wires.

Spinal Fusion

Surgeons can synthesize adjoining spine vertebra with this process. Thus, two or more vertebrae become one. These make a solid body component too. Surgery helps in increasing its strength too.

An orthopedic surgeon considers spinal fusion to treat several issues in your back and neck. These also include

  • Vertebrae injuries.
  • Scoliosis. We also call them inter-vertebral discs.

Joint Fusion

Arthritis patients get this procedure. Doctors recommend this procedure for long-suffering patients. In this process, surgeons blend the bones on either side of the joint. It stabilizes the joint. Players, in particular, need this process. It helps them revive the ankle joints.

Doctors perform this procedure on feet, ankles, spine, and fingers. Joint fusion in the spine is also called spine fusion. I have already discussed it.

Surgeons take required cartilage from some unaffected body parts. Then, the graft this into the damaged area.

About the treating doctors

Accidents happen quite often to people. We are accustomed to watching a player stop his/her track performance due to bone enigmas. An unprecedented road accident had put me in bed for several months. Even children are soft victims of a disease called scoliosis.

From meager joint pain to serious accidents, our tissues, bones, and cartilages often become subject to catastrophes. If there are problems, a solution will be following.

Mishap victims enjoy services from trained doctors. We call these people orthopedists.

These qualified physicians learn to handle bone, ligament, joints, tendons, and muscles disorders. They put specific stress over disease analysis before suggesting a treatment procedure.

Orthopedic surgeons can be both drug experts and surgery specialists. Usually, these people work with different body organs and para-limbs. These include:

  • Foot and Ankle.
  • Shoulder and elbow.
  • Hip and Knee.
  • Hands.
  • Spines.
  • Our cervical areas.

Treatment scopes

Orthopedic surgeons know various other treatments. Thus, you can consult them for the following diseases too:

  • Athlete sports injury.
  • Spinal stenosis.
  • Back pain without any apparent reason.
  • Carcinoma in bone.
  • Ruptured discs.
  • Arthritis.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Achilles tendon injuries and bunions
  • Various foot and ankle traumas.
  • Bowlegs.
  • Club foot.
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Arthritis in hand.
  • Hand injuries.
  • Limb lengthening.
  • Orthopedic trauma.

 

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