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Organ transplantation in India

Organ transplant in India

  • 2021-10-06

Find details about Maintaining human rights, Organ allocation procedure, Eligibility accession, and Organ Transplantation Legal, Social and Ethical issues.

It involves a surgical method. The surgeon removes a healthy organ from the body of the donor. Then he transfers the same into the body of another person. The latter is suffering from organ failure or injury.

The process is massive surgery. Therefore it carries several potential risks and drawbacks. These include organ rejection. Here, the innate immune system declines to accept the infused organ. It identifies the new one as an alien and attacks it.

Organ recipients need to cope up with a lot of emotions. In the following lines, I am going to narrate a few of those.

Is organ transplant ethical?

Organ transplantation is a life-saving procedure. Thus, the process has enough potential to be considered an ethical one. 

Yet, many critics think otherwise. They feel confused to declare Organ Transplants as an entire ethical process.

Their confusion starts from the question relating to the shortage of available organs. A few numbers of people are lucky enough to get an organ when they need it.

If we study the chart of available replaceable organs, we see that the scenery is too frustrating. The number of donated organs has been steady over the last few years. The number of people in need of an effective organ has risen significantly.

People wanted to know the reason. Specialists pointed out the emergence of new technology outbursts. They have also blamed the aging factor.

One possible explanation for this could be the fact that cadaver organs are less available these days. In the past, large healthy cadaveric organs used to come from the victims of car crashes. With modern road-mapping technologies, accident rates are now at a bottom low. Thus, the principal cadaveric organ source has almost collapsed.

With lessened availability has generated corruption. It often comes through artificial scarcity. A few people with core connections have started factoring into organ distribution.

The primary reasons for wanting to prevent individual worth from factoring into organ distribution are:

  • The argument is that individual worth does not determine medical needs.
  • The dilemma also arises from the confusion about authority. People often do not understand who makes decisions regarding the worthiness of an organ donor and the receiver.
  • The slippery slope: It involves the process of determining the worth of an individual. It also includes labeling someone worthy of a medical procedure. Often, wealthy people earn such recognition in exchange for money.


The ethics of organ donation

The job in front of an administration thus becomes tougher. People want equitable access to the transplant waiting list. They consider this as the cornerstone of a balanced organ allocation.

However, the placement process on the list can become a determinant of whether the allocators observed ethical principles in such assignment.

An evenly distributed waiting list would reflect the following characters:

  • Ethical rules. These include honesty and the duty not to harm.
  • The list mentions the clinical indicators. These include the cause of organ failure. 
  • The list also mentions any co-morbidity existence.
  • Psychological factors. These include financial and social support to the patient and adherence of the patient.

All those factors briefly outline the fundamental justice cornerstones. These include honesty, integrity, and utility, and justice.

Factors like Blood groups and policies help accept or decline the application to receive an organ.

Organ Transplantation-Legal, Social and Ethical issues

Critics have aroused different points regarding the validity of organ transplantation. Besides legal, there is the civic question too. The latter are mostly related to the ethics behind such limb transference.

Eligibility accession

The primary question is about the eligibility determination in cases of both the donors and the recipients.

The general process for eligibility accession includes:

• A physician refers to a patient as a potential candidate for organ transplantation. The transplant unit receives the candidate as an end-stage candidate.

• Desired outcome in organ transplant depends highly on the ability of the patient to adhere to medical therapy. The multi-disciplinary team in the organ movement unit often selects a candidate based on this criterion.

Critics question the first policy. They think that people with fragile appendages should also come into eligibility conditioning. 

The dilemma about the suitability of organs

People should have the right to know whether the clinics place the donated organs in the rightly-matched bodies. 

The potential recipients receive support from a multi-disciplinary team. 

It keeps the patient’s family informed of developments and timelines. The team members should include those with relevant experience and expertise. 


Organ allocation procedure

Organ allocation is a complex and time-critical process. 

Various factors influence it. These include medical need, urgency, donor/recipient suitability, and logistical. 

A strict guideline should guide the whole process. The systems should promote both utility and equity of access when it comes to organ transplantation for individuals.

Maintaining human rights

Respect for human rights is also relevant to health policies development and implementation. Policies, laws, and practices should also appear in conformation.

These also include those relating to the allocation of health resources too.

The right to a standard of living adequate is a must for the health and wellbeing of a person. International Law has also recognized the donor-recipient since UNO came into existence.

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