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Open Heart Surgery Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Open Heart Surgery Types

  • 2021-06-13

Open-Heart Surgery risk factors are as follows blood clot, lung or kidney failure. irregular heartbeat, heart attack or stroke, chest pain, and low fever.

Open heart surgery is thus named as the surgical doctor operates by cutting the chest open. With such treatment, your doctor aims to free your heart from various cognitive cardiac diseases.

Surgeons adopt the method to cure valve impairment, various coronary artery issues, and congenital defects in the patient’s heart. Coronary artery diseases are one of the leading reasons for cardiac arrest.

The procedure is a major operation that carries high-end risks and other potential complications. You should take a second opinion before making a final decision.

Surgery Types

Experts conduct the following types of Open Heart Surgeries:

On-pump Surgery

In this procedure, surgeons use a heart-lung machine. This machine works as a temporary replacement for their cardiac organ; it helps in pumping oxygen-rich blood to several tissues and other organs.

It is the most traditional format of Open Heart Surgery that allows your surgeon to treat the non-beating organ. Without rhythms, no bloods-stream will be flowing through it.

Beating Heart surgery

Under such cases, the operative doctor performs on an actively beating organ. Before doing the surgery, h/she slows the heartbeat procedure with medication or some device.

They consider such procedures to limited and particular procedures.

Robot-assisted procedure

While conducting the process, surgeons let a sophisticated device (Robot) perform on their behalf. As h/she inserts such a device through small-sized incisions made on the patient heart, a three-dimensional view of the method is displayed on the computer screen placed near the operational site.

The entire procedure is guided by a sophisticated computer. However, an expert cardiologist will instruct every bit of the methodical details to the computerized device as h/she sits on a console nearby and watches surgical methods as those are carried through.

It is a popular process for inept preciseness. However, every cardiac patient is not eligible for such a process. Doctors consider this to treat specific conditions for a limited number of people.

Potential Risks

Surgeries are associated with risks and the open cardiac operation is no exception. Since these are related to vital organ performance, complications may even bring about death. Risks and complications may arise while the surgical procedure is on and you are passing through the recovery process as well.

Common surgery risks include:

  • Anesthesia reactions; may result in your allergic inclination towards anesthetic medication.
  • Bleeding of hemorrhage; may convert into shock.
  • Blood clotting; may include a deep vein thrombosis. It develops in your leg or pelvis and travels to the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism.
  • Infection.

However, the patient may be subjected to particular impediments following the process:

  • Kidney failure
  • Heart arrhythmias.
  • Cardiac arrest.
  • Memory issues
  • Stroke.
  • Post-pericardiotomy syndromes.

Diagnosis Processes

Disease finding procedure starts as you reach your consulting physician to treat a symptom. He/she starts the diagnostic process for open-heart surgery with collection of the patient’s complete medical history. You must:

  • Answer all questions asked by your doctor relating to your medical history. It will include disclosures about medications too. Such medicines may comprise prescribed medications, over-the-counter drugs, herbal treatments, and vitamins.
  • Doctors want that you carry a list of all the medications you had and are currently having.
  • Inform your doctor about allergies to particular types of medications, particularly anesthetic ones. The process is going to be a major one.

Based on these primary investigations, your doctor may order some tests to obtain the required information about your chest and the beeping organ. These may include:

  • Chests X-ray will help the doctor to determine if your organ has an infection. It also indicates the affected region.
  • An electrocardiogram is an important test before heart surgery. It indicates the nature of infection and its extent too.
  • Blood tests look for contaminations present in the bloodstream.

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