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Lung Transplant: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Lung Transplant Symptoms

  • 2021-06-16

Information about Lung Transplant Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment. Lung transplant is surgery to transplant a diseased lung and replace it with a healthy lung.

Lung transplant is not the right treatment for everyone. People with acute coronary artery disease are usually considered for the procedure. Substitution in the bronchial organ may help restore blood flow for the narrowed or blocked arteries. Serious heart and lung patients may often need the combination treatment where both the cardiac and respiratory organs are replaced.

Symptoms

Medical councils observe each of the respiratory organ and cardiac cases as a separate transplant center unit.

Consult your doctor if you have one of the following conditions:

  • Suffering from an active infection,
  • Have undergone a cancer incident rightly recently.
  • Continuing with serious disease in the organs like the kidney, coronary artery, or the liver.
  • If making the necessary adaptation in lifestyle or making alteration in addicting habits like consuming alcohol or smoking is impossible for you. These are required to keep the donor organ healthy.
  • Do not have a supportive network comprising family members or friends.

Causes

Doctors recommend bronchial appendage substitution to treat the following conditions:

  • An acute severe cystic fibrosis; is an inherited condition causing gland issues. The condition worsens with time and usually is fatal if left untreated.
  • Severe lung diseases interfering in the normal breathing processes like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Pulmonary hypertension; causes enhanced blood pressure in the organ arteries.
  • Heart diseases.
  • Pulmonary fibrosis.
  • Other severe organ damages including sarcoidosis, histiocytosis, and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

Treatment

Lung replacement is recommended for people having serious issues in their respiratory organs. Surgeons ensure that all other fewer risk-carrying methods are attempted and didn’t produce the desired outcome. It is verified that the patient expires within 24 months without such a process.

Your final preparation

  • The treatment team explains the entire procedure to you. You should clear any doubt regarding the theme and procedures.
  • Signing an agreement form before surgery starts. The form bears your agreement for the procedure. Read it carefully before signing.
  • Do not consume anything from the previous night of the appointed surgery date; such a condition applies for cadaver candidates.
  • A similar clause applies for planned living transplantation cases too; the fasting time is limited to 8 hours.
  • You will be treated under sedation as it is a major surgical process.

Treatment process

  • The treatment process is held in hospital uniform; thus, you need to part with your clothes.
  • You should not carry an ornament or any digital device like a wristwatch.
  • An IV line will be drawn in your arm.
  • Catheters are put in your neck, wrist, subclavian region, or groin. It helps in monitoring your heart rhythm and blood pressure. It helps in collecting blood samples too if needed.
  • For a single wave transplant, you will lie on your side.
  • They will put you on your back with arms over the head if it is a bilateral sequential procedure.
  • The anesthetic specialist injects an IV medicine to sedate your limbs. The medicine prevents pain during the procedure.
  • Then they will put a breathing tube into the throat and hook it up to a ventilator. It helps in monitoring heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing frequency during the procedure.
  • Your medical team places a catheter into the bladder to help remove wastes at this time.
  • The patient’s hair will be trimmed and skin is cleaned with an antiseptic solution.
  • Surgeons open the process by making an incision in your chest. It sets on the side for the single lung process; a cut is made horizontally across your chest below the breasts for the bilateral sequential processes.
  • Then h/she removes the diseased lung and gets it replaced with the donor.
  • Blood vessels and airways are attached; the bronchial is attached one by one in the bilateral sequential processes.
  • Finally, the wounds are closed with stitches; currently, surgical staples are more used.

Final word

Trust the modern intuitive lung transplant procedures. The use of cutting-edge technologies has made those highly successful processes. Survival rate has also grown significantly.

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