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Liver Transplant: Causes, Preparation & Procedure in India

Liver Transplantation in India

  • 2021-04-29

Get details before Liver Transplant Causes, Donors, Waiting Lists, Cost & Procedure in India. It also called a hepatic transplant, or replace the liver.

The liver is considered an important part of the internal organ system. As it performs several functions. From processing nutrients and minerals to the secretion of Hormones, producing bile juice to help the body absorb fats, cholesterol, and vitamins, the liver is considered an important organ. What happens when one organ like the liver is damaged?

Usually, doctors consider medication in the earlier stage of damage but when the damage increases, Doctors consider a transplant.

Liver Transplant Causes

A liver transplant is a surgical process of removal of a non-functional liver and transferring a healthier liver with it. Only people with chronic liver disease, usually in the end stage, are recommended. It is usually recommended by the doctors when other treatments like medication do not work.

Liver failure can happen over some time or a short period. When liver failure happens over a short time, It is known as acute liver failure. This condition is uncommon and can be caused due to the complication of few medications.

When live failure happens throughout long, It is known as chronic liver failure. Chronic liver transplantation may happen due to various reasons. One of the most common is cirrhosis, scarring of the liver. When scarring of the liver occurs, the scar tissue replaces the normal liver tissue, resulting in less functioning of the Liver. Other reasons could be Hepatitis B and C, excessive alcohol consumption, Non - alcoholic fatty liver disease, excessive iron or copper build-up in the liver.




Initially, the patient is put down to medications before the transplant is done. The patient has to choose a transplant center. Each transplant center has its eligibility requirements. The patient has to meet these requirements to get the liver. Primarily these evaluations are done to understand that the patient is healthy enough to have an operation or may have any complications during or after the surgery. Some tests are also done, to understand your health condition.

Before the Surgery -

A series of tests are done on the patient to understand the complication of the liver and how early the transplant needs to be conducted. This is mathematically calculated by the doctor known as Model for End-Stage Liver Disease or MELD and children younger than age 12, Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease or PELD. The score ranges from 4 to 60, the score estimates the period that the patient will live without transplantation. The higher the score is, the higher is the urgent requirement of the transplant.


Liver Transplantation can take place through a living donor also, where a small portion of the liver is transplanted in the place of the damaged liver. Later this small portion of the liver is transplanted with a deceased donor liver.

During The Procedure

When the patient is notified that a liver from an expired contributor is accessible, they can approach an emergency clinic right away. The medical care group will concede you to the emergency clinic, and you'll go through a series of tests to ensure you're sound enough for the medical procedure.

Liver transfer a medical procedure is finished utilizing general sedation, so the patient is calm during the surgery.

The specialist eliminates the unhealthy liver and transplants the contributor liver into your body. At that point, the specialist associates the veins and bile ducts to the giver's liver. Medical procedures can require as long as 12 hours, contingent upon your circumstance. Then the patient is taken to intensive care for further recovery.

If the liver is given by a living donor, then the donor is operated and a portion of the liver is removed. This healthy liver is then transplanted to the patient’s body. It takes several weeks for the donor’s liver to regenerate new and healthy tissues.

After The Procedure

For a few days, the patient is kept under constant intensive care under medical supervision. There might be few complications that are watched for after the surgery. To avoid these, liver functioning is tested for a few days in a frequent period. Once the patient is stable and can operate efficiently, He/she is allowed to leave the medical facility.

For a few months, the patient has to go through tests in fixed periods to ensure there are no complications involved. A period of 6 months or more is expected for a full recovery. The patient can resume daily activities after a few months of operation. 

These may differ from person to person, depending on the severity of the patient.


The success of this depends on the severity of the patient before the surgery. Around 75% of patients live for 5 years or around and others live for less. That indicates that out of 100 people, around 75 people live for 5 years and others less than that. Conditions may slightly differ when the liver is transplanted from a living donor. Usually, it is recommended that patients replace the half-liver with the complete functional liver.


It is very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle after the surgery, As it may facilitate better health.

1. Nutrition should be considered. Consulting a nutritionist after the surgery is necessary. A special diet should be followed on a strict basis.

2. If you think that coping with stress can be difficult, consult a psychologist, who can help you to go through the challenges you face every day.

3. Join support groups. Support groups can help you understand various exciting elements of life that we miss during survival.

4. Share your experience with those who need to know your story.

5. Set realistic goals for life.

6. Educate yourself with facts and not myths.

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