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Liver Cancer: Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Hepatocellular carcinoma Treatment

  • 2021-06-11

Liver Cancer Causes alcohol consumption, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Hepatocellular carcinoma is much more common in men.

The liver is the largest glandular organ in our body. Its main functions include making way to ooze toxins and various other harmful substances. It also produces bile. It is a squashy fluid material that helps us assimilate fats, vitamins, and several other nutrients.

Uncontrolled mutation of cells in the Liver DNA is the chiefly responsible factor for the disease. Unproductive cancerous cells destroy the healthy ones thereby hindering normal organ functioning.

Liver Cancer Types

These types of carcinoma diseases can be both primary and secondary types. The former begins within your organ cells. The latter one comes up when the infected cells from another organ shift to the liver. These are also called the metastatic types.

In the following lines, I am going to elaborate on some of the well-known primary exocrine carcinomas. Nearly all of these are malignant by nature.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

It is the commonest type of this illness. Almost 75% of the total carcinoma cases belong to this type. Tumor generates within principal cells. Infections from either Hepatitis B or C furnish the disease formation.

Cholangiocarcinoma

The ailment is also known as bile duct cancer as it generates within these tube-shaped channels that carry bile to the gallbladder. The disease counts for not more than 20% of the total cases treated.

Bile duct cancer has two other forms that include:

  • An intrahepatic disease that begins in the channel within the organ.
  • The extrahepatic form develops in the ducts outside of the organ.

Angiosarcoma

These cancers grow too fast and need prompt treatment. Alas! Doctors can find it at a comparatively later stage. Rare are these and account for 1% of the total cases.

Fibrolamellar HCC

The ailment is host-friendly; thus, patients offer quicker responses than most tumor diseases.                                                                                                                                                                      

Secondary types

You will come across liver metastasis when primary cancer spreads to the endocrine gland. A greater part of such ailment develops in our colon. Statistics have also agreed with such a consensus.

Liver Cancer Risk Factors

In absence of any routine screening examination, people are made to cling to family history and other common risk factors. Doctors guide in finding ways to restrict the risks if complete elimination is not possible.

Common risk factors for the disease include:

  • High age; most of the infected people are above 60 years of age.
  • Men have more probability to have it.
  • Obesity can develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis; Ignorance may cause cirrhosis too,
  • The disease is more prevalent among Asian immigrants to the USA and Pacific Islanders. The latter ones have got the maximum number of infections from Hepatitis B or C.

Several lifestyle factors may cause the disease. These include:

  • Uncontrolled alcoholic consumption
  • Smoking.
  • Chronic exposure to arsenic especially in drinking water.
  • Use of anabolic steroids by duped players.

Liver Cancer Diagnosis

Your treatment for the illness starts with a diagnosis. Your team of medical experts will carry out several tests and tools for disease confirmation and evaluation.

Properly done diagnosis help in tracking the disease and determining its size. This also evaluates your treatment response capacity. They can plan your treatment accordingly.

Biopsy

The process involves a collection of tissue samples; it helps the doctor determine the disease type and stage. Minimal invasive methods are more used these days to obtain precise results.

Bone Scan

Your doctor will take the test if you are suffering from bone pain. H/she will conduct the same if blood test reports reveal elevated calcium levels.

CT scan

Computed scanning also helps determine the size and shape of the tumor. You can get its positional idea from this test.

MRI

With Magnetic Resonance, doctors can identify the tumor nature from the options like benign and malignant.

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