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Heart Valve Replacement Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Aortic valve replacement in India

  • 2021-06-23

Heart Valve Replacement Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Heart Valve Replacement is considered when one or more of the valves do not offer proper functioning. Our nerve-controlling organ has four control assigners; these help in maintaining blood flow in the right direction. In given circumstances, some of these don’t open or close properly. With this too, blood flow through the heart gets disrupted. Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement cost is affordable in India.

Heart Valve Replacement of such diseases depends on the valve affected and the disease type you are suffering; severity is also an important determinant. Your doctor will opine a surgery when all other treatment efforts go in vain.

Heart Valve Replacement  Types

Two major types are there for replacement in these controlling units – mechanical and biological. However, your doctor will fix the solution for you based on your age and overall medical condition. Your complete medical history is also sought while considering the replacement type.

Mechanical Valves

These are made of carbon and metal; a slight clicking sound will be there when your surgeon will place the new organ part in its new position. These resemble the original pieces.

Young people are mostly offered with such a substituting Para-organ. People adore these for their longevity; a mechanical valve may last any time between 20 and 30 years. The patients will not need any further surgery during the whole period.

Patients having overactive parathyroid glands are also benefited from such replacements.

Biological Valve

Such organs come from living animals – cows and pigs are chosen in a majority of the cases. Human donor valves are also used seldom only in specific cases.

If the downside of biological specimens is their limited period lasting, the upside is the lesser risk of blood clotting.

The process is ideal for:

  • People over 65 years of age.
  • Having a disease in their renal organs.
  • Pregnant females.
  • People in recreational sports
  • If you have certain hobbies like reckless biking or scuba diving.

Donor Valve Implantation

Human donors are considered under specific circumstances like infective endocarditis. These Para-controlling units are expected to last between 10 and 20 years.

Your choice of the device should be based on its durability, medication alternatives, and risks associated with each of these processes.

Risks involved

Heart valve disease occurs when one or more of these stops properly delivering; such a situation may create a hilarious problem.

The following factors increase your risk of having such a sickness:

  • Increased life expectancy brings up additional risks of developing heart valve ailments. With age, excess calcium hips on your heart valves. It makes them harder, thicker, and inflexible. Such valves cease to open and close properly.
  • People with a previous experience of heart attack, stroke, cardiac arrest, or any other cardiac issues currently or in the past are at more risk to have this type of disease.
  • An infection of the endocardium is known as Endocarditis. This infection is generated in our organ valves and chambers. Bacteria and fungi are the chief carriers of this disease. Poor oral hygiene, using IV drugs, or having a catheter in your body for a prolonged period may make you a victim of this disease.
  • Smoking.
  • Previous radiation therapy to treat any cancerous disease.
  • Strep throat infection causing rheumatic fever.
  • High blood pressure.


After evaluating your signs and symptoms, your doctor will conduct a detailed physical examination. H/she may like to listen to a murmuring vibe in your heart. The sound-pitch will let him/her know about the regulator condition.

Thereafter, h/she may order one or more of the following diagnostic tests to know more about your condition:

  • Echocardiography to assess the organ structure, valve condition, and blood flow limit through your limb.
  • Sometimes, h/she may reorder echocardiography along with a special echocardiogram test. It will let him/her have a closer look at the regulator device.
  • Electrocardiogram to measure your electrical impulses reflected from the organ. It can help your doctor to detect an enlarged organ chamber.
  • ECG also helps in detecting heart disease or abnormal rhythm.
  • Chest X-ray also helps in detecting whether the organ is enlarged.
  • A cardiac MRI to assess condition severity.
  • Exercise and/or stress tests to monitor cardiac responses to physical exertion. It also helps measure the activity tolerance level of your organ.

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