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Donation and Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues

Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues

  • 2021-10-08

Are you looking for Donation or Transplantation of Organs or Tissues? Find details about Donation or Transplantation of Human Organs or Tissues in India.

A human organ donation involves the surgical removal of it. The process may also comprise the removal of tissue. Persons offering their limbs become organ donors. The receiving persons thus become recipients.

A person requires this when a vital limb stops functioning. It may also stop performing due to damage by disease or injury. 

The procedure is landmark progress in the modern medical sciences. Tragically, the process often suffers due to a lack of donors as a whole.


Organs and tissues you can offer for transplantation

Doctors consider several organs for moving. These include both the kidney and liver. Physicians also consider the following organs:

  • Pancreas.
  • Lung.
  • Intestine.
  • Heart.
  • Heart Valves.
  • Middle ear.
  • Corneas.
  • Skin.
  • Bone and Bone Marrow.
  • Connective tissues.

Surgeons also conduct another combination procedure. They perform several structural transplants at one shot. 

We call it the vascularized composite allographs. The structures include:

  • Bone.
  • Muscles.
  • Skin.
  • Blood vessels.
  • Uterus.
  • Various connective tissues.

Process Types

We observe two types of organ donation. These include:

  • Living donation
  • Deceased donation.

Living Limb Substitution

When a person donates a part of an effective appendage, it forms a living donation. The person gets permission provided such contribution does not hamper the physiological activities.

Doctors allow them to donate any of the following limbs:

  • A kidney. 
  • A portion of the pancreas.
  • Part of the liver.

To become a living donor, a person must have completed 18 years of age. 

A living donor can be of the following types:

  • Living near related donors: These people are parents, siblings, or friends of the recipients. They may also be close kin or nearest friend. 
  • Spouses can also act as living donors.
  • Living non-near relative donors: These people do not have any close relationship with the recipients. These people donate out of affection. Their attachment with the recipients forms the basis of their activities.
  • SWAP providers: Authorities permit these cases when the near relatives act as donors. Under these cases, the living near-relative donor is incompatible with the recipient. 

The first pair of donors match with the second recipient group and vice-versa.

Deceased Donation

You can disclose your willingness to become a subscriber. 

You can do it through formal registration. There is no restriction about age, race, or gender. 

Your decision becomes effective after your death.

If the subscriber’s death happens before attending maturity, the authority will have to procure the consent of the near relation or legal heirs.


Your responsibilities when you an Organ or Tissue Transplant

Your care team will put your name on the National waiting list. Before doing so, the multi-disciplinary team will evaluate you. These tests will also help them to declare your fitness for the organ transplantation process.

Different transplant units have various criteria to accept candidates for transplant.

The transplant tests declare your fitness for the process. The care team adds you to the national waiting list.

You can do such checking in different clinics. Be sure to check each clinic’s guidelines. It will help you decide about a primary care provider.

When an organ becomes available, the candidate needs to retest to determine compatibility. 

Donor qualities

People of all ages can apply for being appendage contributors. Medical authorities test every deceased for their donor compatibility. The age of the dead donor is a prime determinant factor.


Determining qualities

Individuals willing to become organ donors need to go through several processes. These include:

  • Joining the donor registry: The registry is a legal undertaking. It informs your consent for the anatomical gifts. 
  • You can also join the registry team by filling out a ‘Document of Gift’ form.
  • Alternatively, you can sign an organ donor card. Carrying this card will reflect your willingness to become a benefactor.
  • Your family members and other closed relations must know about your willingness to become an appendage subscriber.
  • Let your family healthcare provider know that you are willing to become the donor upon your death. 
  • Also, inform the family lawyer and religious leader about your decision.

Other relevant information

  • The willing person or the family need not pay anything. Becoming an organ donor is a cost-free process.
  • In case of deceased contribution, the person must expire within 90 minutes of life-sustaining treatments withdrawal.
  • This clause is applicable for both living and deceased subscribers.
  • Organ harvesting is a surgical procedure. Only the trained medical professionals can do it. However, they must have the required efficiency.
  • Family members can have traditional funeral services after the organ procurement process.
  • You cannot donate an organ if you die outside a hospital. However, you can donate your tissues in such circumstances.
  • Australian health organization has clearly explained the reason. It argues that their bodies will require artificial ventilation for some days. It helps them to prove that the death had occurred in a way that makes contribution feasible. 

The Last words

Individual transplant center arranges for the donation formalities. They work by following their institutional guidelines. Else, they can also check for national protocol.

Each of the clinics keeps an independent donor advocate. The person acts with the appointed multi-disciplinary team. They will let you know about the benefits and interests of becoming a limb subscriber.

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