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Colon Cancer Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis

Colorectal Cancer Types

  • 2021-06-23

Find information about Colon Cancer Types, Risk Factors, and Diagnosis. Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer that starts in the colon.

Colorectal cancer begins in our large intestine. The colon is the final part of our digestive tract.

Such a condition occurs mainly in older society members though you can get such an ailment at any age. Initially, it appears like a benign cell accumulation. Such assembled throng is referred to as polyps too.

Unless put under serious note, both the shape and characteristics of these polyps change. Colon cancer is a malignant life-threatening condition.

Doctors often identify such ailment as a colon and rectal cancer combination.

Risks

Colon cancer possesses the following risks:

  • Pathologists diagnose those symptoms at any age though it is predominant in advanced-aged people. Studies have revealed that major victims of such an ailment are above 50 years of age. Currently, this condition is going to show prevalence in people at a comparatively lower age too.
  • Chronic inflammatory colon conditions include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. If you have any stint of such diseases, it enhances your probability of developing this condition.
  • There are a few gene mutations that are passed through generations. The colorectal tumor is one of those regimens. Research has established that a sizable portion of colorectal carcinoma belongs to hereditary types. Common inherited conditions include Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • You become a good prospect of such an illness if anyone from your close kin has got it earlier.
  • Diets containing red and processed meat are most likely to bring such tremors up. Such a condition is also associated with typical western diets that are usually low-fiber and contain higher percentages of fat and calories.
  • Diabetic and obese people are soft targets for microbes.
  • Radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  • Uncontrolled smoking and/or drinking beyond its limit are major cursors for such diseases.

Diagnosis

While finding the condition hues, doctors start with a certain screening investigation. These apply to asymptomatic healthy people. If you are diagnosed at an earlier stage, your recovery chances are high. It may result in an enhanced lifestyle too. A properly done screening would also limit your death risks.

Doctors would invariably recommend screening analysis for visiting patients above 50 years of age. These offer extraordinary benefits for people having a history of such diseases in their family links.

The main part

Your doctor will order the following tests and procedures upon assuring any disease existence:

Colonoscopy

This type of analytic test involves testing the colorectal inside. Pathological doctors use long, flexible, and slender tubes attached to a video camera. This camera helps monitor the entire organ and adjacent regions,

H/she will conduct a biopsy test on finding anything suspicious. A biopsy helps in analyzing the entire region. While removing tissues for such a test, your surgeon can remove polyps too.

Blood Tests

Blood tests can’t help in diagnosing colorectal cancer. Your doctor can still order such tests to assess the patient’s overall health. These are associated with kidney and liver functions too for having more precise results.

Sometimes, your doctor may ask you to conduct series of blood tests to trace particular chemicals produced during the condition.

These chemicals include carcinoembryonic antigen or CEA. Prolonged tracking through the CEA level would help your doctor to make an appropriate condition screening too. This treatment also helps in diagnosing whether your physique responds to the treatment.

Stage determination

Disease staging screening also helps doctors to know to what extent the disease has spanned. They can also fix the best treatment for you.

These tests include various imaging procedures like abdominal, pelvic, and chest CT scans. Curiously, studies reveal that surgeons perform a considerable quotient of colorectal surgeries without having any knowledge of their extent.

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