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Best Bone Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Bone Cancer Treatment cost

Some top bone cancer treatment hospitals provide the best services at a reasonable cost. Cancer of the liver Treatment Cost range from 5000 – 12000 US Dollars and therefore the patient has got to stay 12-25 days in Hospital in India.

The human being skeletal system is formed of 206 bones. Cancer starts when the healthy cells in the bones changes and grow abnormally to form a mass/group of cells known as a tumor.  Cancerous and benign are the two types of bone tumor
Cancer tumors are malignant, it can grow and layout to other parts of the human body.  A malignant tumor can demolish the bone and layout to the cent tissue. When bone tumor cells enter the bloodstream, they will move to other regions of the human body. 
A benign tumor is one in which the tumor can grow but cannot spread to other parts of the body. Although it cannot spread, it can grow big enough to press the nearby tissue, weakening the bone, and leading to the break of the bone. 

Signs And Symptoms Of Bone Cancer

• Pain: Pain in the affected bone is the most common sign of bone cancer. In the beginning, constant pain is not experienced. It can be worse at night or when the bone is used, for example, pain in the legs when walking. 
• Swelling: Suddenly, swelling won’t occur in the region of pain. We can feel a lump or mass. Cancers that are present in neck bones will lead to a lump in the back of the throat that will cause trouble swallowing or make it problematic to breathe.  
• Fractures: Bones become weak due to cancer, but that will not lead to bone breaks or fracture. People with a fracture due to a bone tumor generally exhibits a sudden severe pain in a bone that had been sore for a few periods. 
Other symptoms related to bone tumors include: 
• Fevers 
• Limping 
• Fatigue 
• Weight loss 
• Night sweats 
• Swelling around a bone

Causes Of Bone Cancer 

The cause for most bone cancers is still unknown. A small number of bone cancers are linked to hereditary factors, while the rest are linked to earlier radiation exposure. However, scientists have found that bone cancers DNA can cause normal bone cancers by mutations (defects) in DNA that activate oncogenes or inactivate tumor suppressor genes. Few people with cancer have DNA  mutations that they inherited from a parent. The risk of developing the disease is increased in the case of mutations. 
Types Of Bone Cancer 
The most dangerous of all types of bone cancers are Primary bone cancer. They are formed directly in the bones or nearby tissue, such as cartilage. Secondary cancer can also be spread from another part of the human body.  
the following are the types of primary cancer: 
• Osteosarcoma (osteogenic sarcoma): Osteosarcoma, mostly affects adolescents and children but is also found in adults. It has the chance to arise at the tips of the long bones in the arms and legs. In the shoulders, hips, or other regions Osteosarcoma can start. They affect the hard tissues which are the outermost layer of bones. 
• Multiple myeloma (MM): This type of cancer occurs cancer cells grow in the bone marrow and lead to tumors. MM generally harms older age people. The most common type of primary bone cancer. 
• Chondrosarcoma: It can be seen in the pelvis, thigh areas, and on the shoulders of older adults. The subchondral tissue is affected, the hard connective tissue between the bones.  This is the second most commonly found primary cancer.  
• Ewing sarcoma: Rare cancer that starts either in the soft tissues surrounding the bones or directly in the bones of children and young adults.

Bone Cancer Treatment

Treatment depends on: 
• the stage of cancer 
• our age 
• our overall health 
• the size and location of the tumor 
• chemotherapy drugs for multiple myeloma 
• inflammation and discomfort can be relieved using pain medications.  
• bone loss and protect bone structure can be prevented using bisphosphonates. • to prohibit or stop the growth of cancerous cells cytotoxic drugs can be used. 

Radiation therapy 
Before Procedure: 
• X-rays It can provide the location, size, and shape of a tumor in the bone. If x-rays show that an abnormal area may be cancer, the doctor is likely to recommend special imaging tests. 
• Bone Scan 
• Computer Tomography scan 
• Magnetic resonance Imaging scan 
• Positron emission tomography scan 
• Blood Tests. 
• Biopsy: For cancer cell examination a sample of bone tissues can be extracted. To diagnose bone cancer this is the most reliable way. The core needle biopsy includes inserting a long, thin needle into the bone and removing a sample, in case of open biopsy an incision is made in the target bone region, and surgically a sample of a group of cells is removed.

From the outer part of the bone sample of tissue or cells is taken to test for bone biopsy to check for cancer or other bone diseases. 

These include two types: 

• The use of a special type of needle to remove the sample for a needle biopsy. • In open biopsy a piece of the bone sample through an opening in your skin is removed. 
After Procedure 
Following the procedure After bone cancer is diagnosed is staging where the physicians will determine whether it is spreading, and if so, how far.  
After a cancer is diagnosed, staging gives critical data about the extent to which cancer is present in the body and the expected response to treatment. Staging and grading of the tumor enables  physicians to decide the best course of treatment and the most likely outcomes 
The cells of the tumor are observed under a microscope in grading and assessing their difference from a healthy bone group of the cell. In grade 1 tumor the cells are similar to bone tissue, while a grade  3 tumor has more abnormal cells and shows a more aggressive cancer. 
A tumor depicts its size and spread. Several different features can form the different stages so that each stage has two sub-stages in addition to stage 3. 

Bone Cancer Recovery

The survival rate of bone cancer patients depends on the type of bone cancer and the extent to which it has spread already. for all bone cancers in adults and children about 70% is the five-year overall survival rate. For Chondrosarcomas in adults the overall five-year survival rate of approximately 80%.  
Nearly 60% to 80% is localized for osteosarcomas five-year survival rates. 15 to 30% is the survival rate if the cancer is spread beyond bones. Improved results can be observed in the case of  Steosarcomas if they are present in the leg or arm. As compared to men or older patients, younger patients and women also tend to have a better prognosis. 
Perpetual sarcomas have a 5-year survival rate of around 70% when seen in a localized stage. If they have spread outside of the bone, the survival rate drops to 15-30%. Factors associated with a  better prognosis for Ewing's sarcoma include smaller tumor size, less than 10 years of age, and  cancer in an arm or leg and a good response Chemotherapy drugs 
1) What is primary bone cancer? 
2) What is secondary bone cancer? 
3) What are the symptoms of bone cancer? 
4) How are bone tumors diagnosed? 
5) Which bones can be affected by cancer?
6) What are the types of primary bone cancer? 
7) What are the treatments for bone cancer available? 
8) What is the chance of recovery? 
9) What is chondrosarcoma? 
10) What is malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone? 
11) What is Primary non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of Bone? 
12) What is Multiple Myeloma? 
13) What is the treatment for secondary bone cancer? 

Bone Cancer Risk Factors 

While scientists have to do more research on the exact reason for bone cancer, according to the  American Cancer Society states that there are numerous risk factors for bone cancer, consisting of genetics. They also show that people with long-term inflammatory diseases, such as Paget's disease, can have a slightly increased risk of developing bone cancer later in life; however, it is yet not clear about the reason why one person gets bone cancer and another does not. 
Other risk factors for developing bone cancer are:  
• patients under 20 years of age radiations, e.g. B. Radiation therapy for another cancer, 
• a previous bone marrow transplant that is closely related to those with bone cancer with  hereditary retinoblastoma,  
• radiation therapy treatment previously, 
• chemotherapy with drugs known as alkylating agents previously. 
• Mutation in a gene known as the retinoblastoma (Rb) gene or in other genes. 
Why Choose India For The Treatment? 
Class Cancer Hospitals in India  
• Surgery: Surgery is mostly used to remove bone cancer. Few times the removed bone is replaced with bone from some other part of the body, bone from the tissue bank, or an artificial replacement.  
• Radiation Therapy: Nearly 40% of patients of all types of cancer undergo radiation therapy. Rays of high-energy X-rays or particles (radiation) are used to kill cancer cells.  • Chemotherapy: during chemotherapy procedures drugs are used to destroy cancer cells. Bone cancer patients are usually given a combination of cancer medicines. Anyways,  chemotherapy is not currently used to treat chondrosarcoma. 
• Cryosurgery: Cryosurgery is the use of liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells.  
Due to the reason that India's health services are not as expensive as that of western countries,  many people come to India for treatment, which contributes to the rise of the medical tourism sector in INDIA. The many cities in India, such as Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, and Hyderabad, are equipped with state-of-the-art machines and specialists who have compromised their lives to studying disease and discovering better cures and treatments for cancer.  
Advanced Technology: 
Cancer hospitals in India have the best machinery available in the world such as the Da Vinci robot, which is a high precision machine-assisted surgical tool that makes surgery more effective.  free radiation machine that has nil side effects and is widely available in the country.  
Cost Of Treatment: 
Additionally, to its list of accolades, India also offers cheaper treatment than the most advanced countries without compromising on the quality of service given in most cases, the cost of treatment is around Rs one lakh and can go up to more than Rs 50 Lakh. Compared to countries like the United  States, this cost is minuscule. lakh in India, which is again significantly lower than that of developed countries.  
India also offers numerous cancer treatment programs so that the course of treatment can be tailored to a cancer patient. The facilities offered in the country are surgery, chemotherapy,  radiation therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, stem cell transplantation.  The best part is that most of these treatment delivery facilities are available in a wide variety of hospitals across the country.


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