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7 Things you need to know about Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow Transplantation

  • 2021-10-10

Through medical treatment Hematologist replaces your bone marrow with healthy cells. Know about process, recovery, cost Bone Marrow Transplant in India.

Bone marrow produces blood corpuscles in our body marrows. Thus, we get RBC, WBC, and platelets from bone marrow. 

If you want to come more accurately, the marrows help to develop premature blood cells into their matured counterparts. 

Blood and body unit functioning face disturbances when they fail to attend to the required maturity. Sometimes, these grow up into much larger sizes than what you can expect.

It occurs because of a defect in the stem cells or bone marrow. Bone marrow or stem cell transplants help the doctors to treat the shortcoming. 

A bone marrow transplant involves replacing the injured or carcinoma-affected stem units in bone marrow with a new one. Doctors may also destroy the affected body units with radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

What is a Bone Marrow Transplant?

Sometimes, the bone marrow of an individual suffers damage because of getting hurt or an ailment. 

The process may have to sustain some infection that hunches its performing capacity.

Doctors recommend a surgical procedure to make that good. Often it constitutes replacing the damaged bone marrow. They call it the Bone Marrow Transplant. 

Removing the damaged stem with new ones helps revive the blood circulation in the body.

The replacement marrow fundamental units or stem cells can come from either a donor body. Your doctor may also collect these cells from your body.

How a Bone Marrow Transplant differs from a Stem Cell Transplant?

People hardly understand the difference. They use both the terms synonymously. 

The confusion comes from the fact that hematopoietic stem cells generate in the substance. We need healthy counter-body units for our survival. 

However, the transplantation procedures technically differ a bit. 

In a Bone Marrow Transplant, doctors collect stem cells from an alien bone core. 

The person is under general anesthesia.

Surgeons take out bone matter from their hip bones. They use a large needle in this process.

In peripheral stem transplants, surgeons use the apheresis method. In this process, the treatment team applies medication to the contributing body. 

These medicines help increase stem cell production.

The process resembles blood donation.

Another stem cell transplant uses hematopoietic counterparts. Doctors collect these from umbilical cord blood. 

These come from newborn babies. Often, parents donate these to a public cord blood bank. The bank or hospitals use these in matched patient bodies. 

How can you gain from either of the processes?

Surgeons use two types of transplant procedures, viz., the allogenic and the autologous transplants.

In the former type, they collect stem cells from another body. It is customary to collect the cancer-free body units only. 

Besides, these may also fight the remaining cancerous body units. These exist in the receiving body.

Therefore, the medical team checks the contributor to any prevailing contagious disease. It thus helps the doctors to disclose the condition.

In autologous cases, doctors collect cells from the patient’s body. It carries less or zero infection risks.

What are the process demerits?

An allogeneic transplant may result in creating GVHD. It means a ‘Graft-versus-host disease.’

Under this condition, the donor immune cells attack the patient’s healthy counterparts. Doctors prescribe immunosuppressants to counter these possibilities.

Again, a weakened immune system may also bring about infection.

The autologous procedure carries no risk. However, doctors need to be alert against contamination of the stem cells by the cancerous counterparts. 

 

When does a doctor decide to have Bone Marrow Transplant?

A successful Bone Marrow Transplant can cure a host of diseases.

These include leukemia, aplastic anemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. The treatment can also cure acute forms of blood cancer.

Indian hospitals offer the best treatment for these diseases. Surgeons use innovative bone marrow transplant methods to cure life-threatening diseases.

How long is the recovery period?

You will be under constant follow-up for the consultation that your doctor offers during your release from the hospital. Following their instruction would ensure an appropriate recovery for you.

However, your recovery starts while being in the hospital. The patients will be in the hospital for a considerable period. 

During this period, the monitoring team will observe you with two underlying purposes:

  • Monitor against infections.
  • Taking care of the chemotherapy or radiation side effects.

The treatment team will ask you to visit the clinic at frequent intervals. Meeting such comprehensive follow-up requirements would lengthen your recovery period.

The following factors determine a patient recovery period:

  • Location of treatment.
  • Presence of any co-morbid disease.
  • Your body response against treatment.
  • Transplant type that the doctor has recommended for you.

Discuss why India is among the most preferred venues for Bone Marrow transplant?

India has lifted its medical infrastructure post-2000. Currently, the country has top advanced facilities in various acute and chronic diseases.

These diseases include:

  • Latest diagnosis types of equipment.
  • Excellent blood cancer treatment specialists and support staff.

No other country in this universe will be able to offer quality Bone Marrow Transplantation at such a nominal cost.

In India, the staffs are well-aware of the alternative treatments. These treatment procedures work well in faster recovery from any disease. Often, this helps reduce complications too.

International patients often mention these procedures in their leaving notes.  

Low Cost Bone Marrow Transplant in India

The average Bone Marrow Transplant cost in India is approximately 20,000 to 50000 USD.

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