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Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India

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What is ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer refers to an unplanned cell mutation in the female ovary. The organ is known for the production of eggs.

The disease is ranked as one of the top five cancer-related growths in the world. Over the last two + decades, however, doctors could have controlled the excessive span of such tumor growth.

Doctors could diagnose the fact that cancer begins due to uncontrolled cell mutation in the DNA. Mutation means an instruction to subjective cells to observe a growth pattern. Such uncontrolled growth makes space for abnormal cells by killing the healthy ones. These abnormal cells invade the adjacent tissues and break off to form a timorous structure. Such structures often spread to other body parts too.

Symptoms

Ovarian cancer starts in the epithelium in most cases. Epithelium forms the outer lining of our ovary. Doctors often relent that it is hard to find any symptom for the disease at the initial stage.

Symptoms often occur at the advanced stage; curiously, these resemble other conditions. The types may include premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, or a temporary bladder constraint. For malignant cases, symptoms persist and worsen as time progresses. Therefore, do not hesitate to call your doctor if the symptoms persist for more than 10 days.

Common symptoms that are seen in advanced stages include:

  • A trodden feeling in the pelvis, often accompanied by severe pain.
  • Bleeding in the vagina.
  • Unexpected pain in your back or abdomen zone.
  • Bloating.
  • Feeling full with an insipid eatery.
  • There may be changes in your urination pattern; you may feel urinating at a better frequency.
  • Bowel habits may also subject to a change like a rise in constipation.

Associative signs are also there that takes the inclusion of :

  • Indigestion.
  • Nausea.
  • Loss of appetite resulting in weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Incapacity to take a full breath.

Causes

Doctors are not in a position to declare any particular reason for Ovarian Cancer. However, they could determine certain factors that enhance the disease risk.

Like other forms of the cancerous disease, ovarian cancer develops due to erroneous and unplanned cell mutation. Rapid and spontaneous cell migration creates a lump of abnormal cells. As their numbers increase, healthy and normal cells begin to die. The diseased cells attack the nearby tissues and break off from the primary tumor. These are then spread to several other corners of our body, thus spreading cancer.

Disease types

Depending on the place of origination, ovarian cancer can be divided into the following types:

Epithelial Tumor

It begins in the thin tissue layer residing just beyond the ovary outside-wall. Most of the ovarian diagnosed to date belong to this type.

Stromal Tumor

Stromal Ovarian Cancer starts in the hormone-producing cells in our ovarian tissues. Patients are faster diagnosed than the other ovarian cancer type if infected with this type of tumor. Tragically, only 7% of the total ovarian cases belong to this type.

Germ Cell Tumor

The disease generates in the egg-producing cells in our ovary. Younger women are more prone to this disease.

When you should see the doctor

Make an immediate appointment with your doctor if any of the signs or symptoms mentioned above appear with you.

Persons having an ovarian or breast cancer history in their family should keep in touch with the doctor until they are declared safe.

Under such cases, your family physician will send you to a genetic counselor. He will ask you to undergo certain testing processes that help in finding gene mutations into your cells. You will be put to treatment instantly if the tests reveal unorthodox gene mutations.

Risk Factors

  • Chances of ovarian cancer increase if any of the family members is either suffering or had suffered from the disease in the past.
  • The existence of the disease in one of the close relatives got it.
  • The disease may occur in people above 50 years of age. It is most prevalent in women in the age bracket of 55-60 years.
  • Having more than two full-time pregnancies held the chances down. The chances become still lower with additional prospecting,
  • Breastfeeding lowers ovarian cancer risks.
  • Bodyline cells are potentially developed in persons who have undergone fertility treatment.
  • Breast cancer has a close affinity with ovarian cancer; thus, if you got breast cancer in the past, it increases your potential to become an ovarian cancer candidate too. Your surgeon may consider performing an oophorectomy, as a preventive therapy.
  • Hormone replacement therapy after menopause increases ovarian cancer risks.
  • Obesity and having a body mass index above 30.
  • If you have undergone any surgical process to remove your uterus, the risk for ovarian cancer delimitates to a great extent.
  • Women with human papillomavirus, tonsil, and cervical cancer are highly potent for ovarian cancer.

Besides those mentioned above, doctors have also identified several risk factors, though these are just talked about and not supported.

  • Having a higher androgen level.
  • The disease may also come from using talcum powder.
  • Several dietary factors.
  • Eliminating or neutralizing the risk factors

    Our medical science is yet to find out the surest way to prevent ovarian cancer. Still, there exist some limiting factors that reduce your risk in significant measure:

  • You may ask your doctor if birth control pills may prove right to prevent your disease. Such contraceptives accounted for measurable successes in preventing the lump disease. However, consumption of these pills carries some indemnified risks. Proper ovarian configuration testing will only tell you whether the benefits outweigh the curses.
  • You should inform your doctor immediately if there is ovarian cancer history in your family. Tests would reveal whether you got the insidious element in you. Genetic expert counselors can determine if genetic testing can help you.
  • Diagnosis

    Once suspected of the disease, your doctor would ask you to perform the following test for the final diagnosis. These will include:

    • A Pelvic Exam: While conducting the test, your pathological doctor will insert gloved fingers into the vagina. H/she will also press your abdomen at the same time for a better feeling of the pelvic organ. Besides, the pathological team observes your external genitalia, vagina, and cervix for testing.
    • CT Scan/USG: An ultrasound exam or CT scan on your abdomen and pelvis helps check and verify your ovary size, shape, and configuration.
    • Blood Tests: Blood tests comprise the organ function test; it helps the testing team to determine your overall health condition.
    • Biopsy: The test is taken under special instruction from the treating doctor. A small piece of ovarian tissue is taken out and examined under a powerful microscope to check for malignant tissue indication.

    Stage determination

    Once your doctor is sanguine about you’re having the disease, h/she will conduct informational testing. The procedure will help him/her in assigning a stage to the lump. For such indication, they indicate Roman Numerals starting from I to IV, depending on the disease severity.

    Stage I

    In this stage, cancer is limited within the ovarian and fallopian tube zone.

    Stage II

    Benign tumors have started to reform into malignant types. It starts spreading to other zones,

    Stage III

    Cancer has spread to adjacent organs; these may include the uterus.

    Stage IV

    Cancer has traversed distant organs like the lungs or liver; it appears that almost the entire body has been affected.

    Treatment

    Surgeries

    Surgical treatment for ovarian cancer is multifaceted. Your doctor fixes the type depending on the ultimate purpose. The courses include:

    Surgery to remove a single ovary

    It is recommended for stage I disease. The procedure involves the removal of the affected tube and the attached fallopian tube. Your ability to become pregnant retains after the procedure.

    Surgery for removal of both the ovaries

    hen both the ovaries are affected but do not have any sign of additional cancer, it is best to remove both the ovaries and the fallopian tubes.

    The procedure does remove the uterus leaving your potential for becoming a mother; but, you will have to use frozen eggs previously stored. You can take the help of donor eggs too.

    When the intention is to remove both the ovaries along with the uterus

    Under rather extensive stages, you may not be willing to keep the uterus intact. This means that you are scared that your future child would bear a significant part of your disease in them. Under such circumstances, your surgeon will eliminate the uterus besides the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Besides, the adjacent lymph nodes and a limited quotient of the fatty abdominal tissues are also taken off.

    Treatment of advanced cancer

    Your surgeon will recommend taking chemotherapy along with surgery when the cancer is spread to distant organs. Chemotherapy is taken ahead of the surgery. It destroys the cancer cells; surgery dispels these cells disposed of previously along with some other still active cells.

    Targeted Therapy

    It involves the use of certain medications; the medicines make specific vulnerabilities present within the affected cells their objective. Medicinal sciences have reserved certain therapy drugs to aid ovarian cancer patients. These are offered when the initial treatment range is over.

    Your medical team conducts a thorough investigation to determine the most befit drug for your ovarian cancer treatment.

    Palliative Care

    Your doctor may counsel you to opt for additional support besides the care in continuation. It is called palliative care that works best along with surgery and chemotherapy.

    Palliative care needs the involvement of trained medical professionals inclusive of doctors and nurses. The care procedure aims to improve life quality for cancer patients. Their family members could also have a sigh of relief.

    Medical sciences have recommended using this prototype as such supportive care has proven record for a better feeling for the patients; they are even able to live for a longer period.

    Ovarian Cancer Treatment Cost in India

    • One can easily find low-cost ovarian cancer treatment in India as compared to other western countries.
    • Along with quality services and satisfaction for ovarian cancer treatment at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
    • The ovarian cancer treatment costs range from $5,000 to $7,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

    Get details of the ovarian cancer treatment hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of ovarian cancer treatment varies widely. For lone cancer surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist/oncologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

    Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India
    Ovarian Cancer Treatment Cost in India

    The final word

    Prevention seems to be better than cure in malignant tumor diseases. Therefore, it is better for you if you get yourself aware of the best preclusion methods for ovarian cancer.

    Choose the option based on its fitness on your body. Careful choice is bereft to be the best choice.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Ovarian Cancer Treatment

    What should a patient do to get rid of ovarian cancer risks?

    She should:

    • Take hormonal birth control pills for a longer period.
    • Becoming pregnant as many times as possible.
    • Involved in breastfeeding for more than a year.
    • Removal of both ovaries.
    • Getting a hysterectomy.

    Can you tell me about any genetic predisposition for the disease?

    Genetic predisposition has a serious impact on ovarian cancer. The prime reason for the disease is a genetic mutation in BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 respectively. Almost 10 – 15% of the disease is backed up by such factors. Both of these sometimes help repair damaged DNA; if a mutation prevents this function, you will be under severe infection risks.

    Does the disease affect the menstrual cycle?

    The answer is no in most cases. Yet, you must have to be careful about any unwanted changes in your body. Report your doctor if you find something unusual for your body.

    Which is the most predominant risk factor for ovarian cancer?

    Though clinical specialists can’t confirm any hue, yet studies found that the most predominant factor of ovarian cancer is a genetic mutation. It occurs in breast cancer gene one called the BRCA 1 and the breast cancer gene two, i.e. the BRCA 2. The overall accountability stands between 10 – 15%.

    Why the disease causes bloating?

    Bloating counts as one of the commonest signs of advanced ovarian cancer. The main cause for this is the formation of a fluid, called ascites. It makes your belly swollen and distended. You may feel severe pain too.

    Why consider India for Ovarian Cancer Treatment?

    India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Ovarian Cancer tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

    For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

    Best Cancer Hospitals in India

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