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Organ Transplant


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What is a Organ Transplant?

You will need an Organ Transplant if one of your limbs has stopped functioning. Doctors will point to illness or injury for such occurrence. During the process, surgeons remove the deceased organ from your body. Then they replace it with a healthy organ received from a donor.

Depending on the appendage you need, it may either be from a living or a dead donor.

Organs they transplant

Medical science recommends transplantation for the following organs:

  • Intestine.
  • Heart.
  • Kidney.
  • Pancreas.
  • Lung.
  • Liver.

Getting a suitable donor is quite hard; thus, you may have to wait for a long time before an Organ Transplant. The receiver’s body-immune system may identify the new organ as an alien. They may restrain the new organ from functioning.

Doctors thus match the donor organ with the recipient before implanting. It reduces transplant rejection risks. This rejection process may continue for a long period. Your doctor will give you certain medications. These will help your body stay refrained from such rejection.

Organ Transplant Preparation
Organ Transplant Causes


Doctors decide to hold an Organ Transplant if that appendage does not function. Poor functioning may cause mortality. This is an end process.

You will have a limb substitution when other corrective treatments do not deliver. But doctors check a patent’s suitability before conducting the process.

This treatment helps cure several chronic conditions. These include kidney disease, cystic fibrosis, acute diabetes, and congenital heart disease. They suggest transplantation to cure liver cirrhosis. Your medical team will also repair organ damages. These may happen because of accidental injuries following the process. The recipient gets a new life after the procedure. People recognize its tremendous ability. Its beneficiaries count is increasing day by day. Besides improved life quality, they also enjoy a longer lifespan.

Organ Transplant Types

Surgeons used the policy towards limited vital organs earlier. With advanced Medical and surgery processes, surgeons can conduct several transplants types. Its various classifications include:

Heart Transplant

Our heart is a vital organ. Thus, surgeons consider only the deceased person’s organ for substitution. Surgeons replace the recipient’s damaged heart with a completely new one. It gives them fuel for extended life.

The World Health Organization has furnished strict guidelines for such a procedure. Only efficient and experienced surgeons can perform such an operation. Your treatment team monitors the vital signs throughout the process. Operation count is few because of the donor scarcity.

Lung Transplant

The lung is another vital organ in our persona. Thus, doctors have to depend only on demised patients for a fresh limb. Getting a suitable donor is thus a challenge. Lung Transplant cases are thus very few across the globe.

Organ rejection is also common in these transplants. Thus, doctors check donor suitability before making a final decision.

Liver Transplant

Experts consider both living and deceased donors for a liver transference. They consider this process for irreversible liver diseases. They choose a living donor from among healthy people. The person's body type and limb size should match with the patient.

Living donors serve the partial removal needs. Doctors consider deceased and brain-dead persons for full-limb replacements. This method offers high success rates.

Pancreas Transplant

It is a double substitution procedure. This is one of the toughest operations held around the globe. The case count is also too few.

Type 1 diabetes causes kidney failure. It creates such an operational need. Surgeons take both the kidney and pancreas from a singular donor. In this ailment, the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin. Kidney failure is also possible thus. Doctors tell an Organ Transplant to help the patient survive through the disease.

In Type 2 diabetes cases, they consider such a process with much determination.

Cornea Transplant

This procedure cures scarred corneal tissues and other damages to the cornea. It is a popular surgery because of the high success rate it produces.

You can take no corneal issue in a casual approach; it may lead to blindness. Optical researchers have worked to improve its procedure.

Reasons for having cornea transplants include:

  • Keratitis or herpes. These are eye-scarring conditions.
  • Keratoconus where you get the cornea in a distorted shape.

Kidney Transplant

Kidneys help in filtering toxins from our blood. It also ensures an electrolytic balance; thus, our body can function. They call such an inability as kidney failure.

Doctors suggest an Organ Transplant if your dialysis cannot produce the desired outcome. Based on your medical condition, you may have a single or double transplant.

In a single procedure, they take the limb from a living donor. They also put both the donor and the recipient on specialized diets and medication.

This helps drop the chances of complications. It includes an organ rejection by our body immune system. It also helps reduce the blood infection chances.

Skin Transplant

The procedure helps cure severe burns or other injuries to the skin. It involves grafting the donor’s skin onto the patient’s body. Doctors use strong immunodepressants to cancel graft rejection possibilities.

Doctors suggest stern observation for a prolonged time. You will have it in severe injury cases. They can’t use your skin for grafting right now. Yet, they can use the currently rejected skin for another patient. They may use this while transplanting onto other body parts.

Trachea Transplant

It is one of the most rarely performed procedures. Doctors consider this if your trachea, i.e. the airway hardens. Often an injury or a prolonged disease causes this condition. Such a disease causes tremendous pain as airways stop functioning.

The process involves collecting the trachea from a dead donor. They replace the deceased person’s trachea with that of the donor’s.

Organ Transplant Preparation
Organ Transplant in India

Procedure Risks

An appendage substitution carries several risks. The first one is rejection by the recipient’s body system. Our body's immune system can identify a substituted limb as a foreign object. It occurs if it does not match with the replaced organ type and size. Yet, there could be other reasons behind such rejection.

Doctors try to match the recipient’s tissue and blood with that of the donor too. It reduces refuting possibilities. Your doctor will recommend immunodepressants after an Organ Transplant. These medications help the recipient’s body to accept the new appendage fast.

Like other surgeries, limb substitution carries infection probabilities. Heart failure also occurs during such a process. You may get excessive bleeding during or after the procedure.


Most people enjoy normal recovery after a successful tract replacement. Their life quality improves within a short period. Yet, this limb substitution process leads to several other clinical issues.

You should report to the doctor upon any such complications immediately. Lingering could bring a threat to your life. These complications include:

  • You may become diabetic while waiting for recovery. Surgeons decline to carry out the surgery if the patient’s blood sugar level is above normal.
  • You may have cholesterol in the blood vessels. It damages the donor organ. You may develop heart disease finally. Studies have revealed that immunodepressants handle this occurrence.
  • Medications may also aggravate your blood pressure level. However, doctors would change your doses. It helps to bring the pressure down to the normal level. You may also need to change some of your favorite habits. Consuming healthy diets and getting regular exercise may help control blood pressure.
  • Your surgeon uses steroids as sedatives. This may cause gastrointestinal issues.
  • Post-transplant medications create uric acid in the blood cell. This condition causes painful inflammation at several body joints.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Your sex drive may reduce after transplantation. Your sex organ may also become dysfunctional. Medications and stress during recovery handle this.
  • Often Organ Transplants cause unwanted hair growth. Doctors recommend drugstore products to combat this issue.

Preparation for an Organ Transplant

This method carries grave risks. So, we expect you to stay prepared across vertices. This process requires outstanding mental, physiological, and financial preparation. It needs ample physical preparation too.

Your treatment team will expect a positive attitude from you. Stay less reactive at the clinic before surgery. Cultivate patience. You should look forward.

Focus on the better quality life after a successful operation.

Stay cooperative with your medical team. Show strong temperament. It will help your treatment team as they proceed with the treatment procedure.

Talk with your health insurance provider once you see your name on the waiting list.

Your treatment team will also provide ample mental support. Get your mental booster from them. Talk to them upon your arrival at the clinic for pre-operation treatments.


A limb transference procedure depends on your conversion type. Experts in this procedure explain this in two simple terms. The first one involves removing a healthy organ from a donor’s body. Such a donor could be a living one, or a deceased. It also depends on the case you are subject to. During the second phase, your surgeon places the donor organ into your body.

Thus, surgeons start operations with the donor first. Surgery in your body comes later. It happens when h/she removes the donor organ.

Your treatment team will start offering medicinal support to prevent transplant rejection. Both the donor and the receiver will be under continuous medical evaluation. Assessment helps in determining transplant feasibility.

Finding an Organ Donor

You may have to wait for long before receiving a donor organ. It is better if you can manage a contributor from one of your closed kin. Authorities allow living donors for transplantations involving vital organs.

Getting a donor from your connection helps you bypass the waiting phase. These substitutions leave fewer rejection risks. Any person can donate several organs after his/her death. It helps save many lives.

Organ Donor types

Living Donor

Once you choose a living contributor from relatives, you save two lives. H/she saves your life; they promote the next one on the list to the upper rank. H/she will have to wait for fewer days.

Living contributor policy is best for kidney and liver patients. Surgeons expect better quality organs while performing these surgeries. Living donation assures the appendage quality.

Deceased Donor

These are people who have contributed their limbs for the sake of society’s welfare. Medical boards can collect their organ if the living family members allow them to do so. Surgeons use a deceased person’s limb in most of the appendage substitutions.

Pediatric donor

Finding a child benefactor is much difficult. You can apprehend its reason. Parents would be reluctant to part with their deceased ward’s appendage before cremation.

Such limbs offer criticality towards transplantation. Child’s immune system offers a better response to another child's appendage. Thus, this process leaves fewer rejection chances.


It involves several organ replacements. Surgeons can perform surgeries on skin, bone, muscles, blood vessels, and nerves. They can work on connective tissues too. Usually, they adopt the process during hand and face transplantations.

How to become an organ donor?

Medical associations in countries welcome a willing donor. You help them lessen the load from their already over-burdened shoulders.

You can become a contributor at any age. Health considerations are also trivial. You should have attained maturity before becoming a donor. Adolescent members should produce their parent’s consent proof before becoming registered donors.

How to find an organ donor?

Finding a donor is the treatment team’s responsibility. The team members keep in touch with medical boards. They inform you once they find out a person suitable for your Organ Transplant procedure. Usually, the medical board finds a donor from among those deceased. They check that the demised person has donated his/her organ. H/she it’s use for social benefit.

Organs that you cannot transplant

Doctors do not consider cancer, hepatitis, or cardiovascular patients for Organ Transplantation. Usually, they consider kidney, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas, and intestines for transplanting. The experts put other appendage criticalities under medicinal treatments.

Medical sciences allow several tissues for transplants. These include bone tissues, tendons, ligaments, skin, heart valves, blood vessels, and corneas. Other veins are too tender for complicated transplant procedures.

Organ Transplant Types
Organ Transplant Success Rate in India

Organ Transplant Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost Organ Transplant in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for Organ Transplant at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The Organ Transplant costs range from $25,000 To $45,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the Organ Transplant hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of Organ Transplant varies widely. For Organ Transplant, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the top hematologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

Organ Transplant Procedure
Organ Transplant Side Effects

Frequently Asked Questions about Organ Transplantation

How long does the Organ Transplantation take?

The surgeon will collect marrowbone from different parts of the body – particularly the hipbone. The process takes 1 to 2 hours. The patient stays in fundamental anesthesia throughout the process.

Is the process a painful one?

The donor may experience pain as the anesthetic shield is removed. He will have to use painkillers for the next few days, as suggested by the doctor.

The recipient gets injections of stem cells through vein only. Therefore, the process is relatively painless for a recipient.

Will donation harm the donor?

Anesthesia has severe consequences for the donor. Walking may be challenging and may cause frequent fatigue. It may cause sore too; doctors may suggest medicines for such aftermaths.

How grave is the process?

Bone grafting is a risky process. However, the extent of risk differs with personality. The donors are more exposed to such peril. Some of the complications are life-threatening too. Huge medications are sometimes required to combat inflicts.

Why consider India for Organ Transplant?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Organ Transplant tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

What are Organ donation and Organ Transplantation?

Organ donation means contributing an organ to a deceased person by a healthy person. It is a surgical procedure. Surgeons remove organs or tissue from the donor’s body. Then they place the removed organ or tissue into the ailed person’s body. They call the contributor a donor. The suffering is a recipient.

Medical science named the above-mentioned process Organ Transplantation. You will need this as one of your organs if a disease or injury has damaged it. Doctors consider transplantation if your organ has failed.

Are organ and tissue transplants experimental?

Any new invention is investigational at the initial stage. Organ and tissue transplants are no exception. Scientists have put new and innovative techniques and procedures into it with time.

Continuous evaluation could bring out a mentionable success rate for this process. Thus, you cannot call it experimental anymore.

How are organs and tissues for transplantation obtained?

Surgeons may decide to take the organ and tissues from your own body or from an alien body. They call the former auto-transplantation. This procedure does not apply to vital organ supplementation. It has an innate advantage. You are most unlikely to receive a rejection from your own system.

An auto-transplantation comprises the following:

  • Skin graft: A doctor uses healthy skin in some injured or burnt body-part.
  • Blood Vessel graft: This process helps to provide an alternative route for blood flow. With this, the bloodstream reaches the vital organs bypassing a blocked artery. Surgeons use this process at the time of a heart bypass surgery.
  • Bone graft: Helps reconstruct a damaged body area.
  • Bone Marrow graft: It involves collect bone essences. Doctors do it before chemotherapy to a cancerous person. The procedure replaces blood stem cells after high-dose chemotherapy.

What if organ and tissue donation is against my religion?

No religion prohibits contributing or receiving an organ. Nor there is any religious hype against transplantation from living or deceased donors. Orthodox Jews are exceptional. They offer psychological protests against foreign limb introduction into a person’s body.

The list also includes Native Americans. Roma Gypsies, Confucians, Shintoists, and some Orthodox rabbis are also against desecrating.

Selected South Asia Muslim scholars oppose both living and deceased transplantations. According to them, our body parts are God’s trusteeship. Thus, you cannot desecrate those for any reason.

Who Can Become Donors?

People from any caste or creed can become an organ donor. However, there is one stipulation. An adolescent must furnish a consent note from their parents or guardian. They should do this before applying to become a donor member.

You can take a deceased person’s appendage provided his/her family members put no objection. The concerned medical board will make a medical assessment beforehand. This evaluation helps them determine the donate-able organs. People who died of HIV, actively spreading cancer, or severe infection exclude donation.

People having HIV infection or kidney diseases cannot become a donor. Heart patients and cancerous subjects also contribute to the list.

Go through a detailed physical examination and other evaluations. These are necessities before they declare you a potent candidate for this process.

What organs and tissues can be donated and transplanted?


Organs for transplantation include the heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach, intestine, and pancreas.


Tissues for a substitution include eye cornea, bone, and bone tandon. You can also contribute skin, pancreas islets, heart valves, nerves, and veins.


Transferable limbs include hands, arms, and feet.


Your bone marrow and stem cells would work fine in other’s body too.

How Does the Organ Donation Process Work in Living Donations?

Living donation infers contributing an organ by an alive to someone fell diseased. Such a person can be a family member or some unknown one. An alien should be close to you. The genetic link is not always necessary thanks to recent medical progresses.

Living donation works well in most cases. It reduces appendage rejection risks. Your medical team makes a thorough inner-body investigation of your donor. They do this before declaring him fit for the process. They also check the donor match against your physiological perspectives. Thus, it yields high success rates.

How Does the Organ Donation Process Work in Deceased Donations?

The deceased donation procedure works with our vital body parts. These include the lungs, heart, and pancreas. The World Health Organization recommends dead persons only for such transplantations.

Once your doctor identifies the case for substitution, he/she will put on a waiting list. You will have to wait until they find a perfect match. They will have to gather permission from closed kin. They do this before putting the corps over the surgical table. They will consider the accidental death cases. Those organs are more active than normal death cases.

They monitor the donation process to ensure patient’s safety. After you pass, your body becomes a lifeline for many living ones. This process had also bought significant success.

Should Donors Tell Their Families About Their Wish To Donate Their Organs?

This is not a necessity for adult members. Adolescents need to furnish their parent or guardian’s consent to the effect. They should submit this proof while applying.

Tissue or organ contribution is an emotional issue. Thus, you should inform your families before taking such a decision. The members must take prior consent from family members. They should do this before taking a deceased person’s body for transplantation.

What Is The Role Of The Recipient Of The Organ(s)?

Recipients are beneficiaries in an Organ Transplant procedure. They receive the donor body part. This helps them to revive their physiological activities and continue.

However, they need to depend on the allocating authority. This body is responsible to find an ideal donor match for the ailing. It may be living or dead.

These organizations try their best projecting an impartial view of organ allocation. Patients with much criticality get preference of choice, though.

The determinant match-factors include:

  • Patient’s blood type.
  • Organ size; this impact particularly during heart transplantation.
  • Bodyweight.
  • His/her medical condition.

Can I Buy or Sell Organs?

Replaceable appendages have always fallen short of the required level. It opens forgery scopes too. People may try to hoard limbs to sell at such exorbitant prices.

But, this is an exclusive illegal practice. Doing business with human body tissues or parts is a serious lawful discourse. You deserve the medical attention; get it. Let them put your name on the national waiting list of people awaiting organs. It helps you stay in complete mental peace.

What are the Common Health Problems after an Organ Transplant?

The commonest complication after an Organ Transplant is body rejection. The recipient’s body immune system may identify the imported limb as foreign. Then it attacks the induced limb and often destructs its activity power.

Surgeons prescribe immunodepressants to reduce refute extent. You may have to take these medications for the rest of your life.

Other health problems include:

  • Sleepy Kidney; your treatment team checks for this before transplantation. They may decide to have dialysis beforehand. It will delay the process.
  • Rash or scar at the surgical spot.
  • Dehydration.
  • Diabetes.
  • Cancer.
  • Infections are very common in all surgeries. Organ Transplant recipients get several bacterial, viral, and fungi infections. They get it either from the environment or from people. Urinary Tract infections are too common.

Which organs and tissues can be donated after death?

You can donate eight vital appendages after mortality. It enables you to save eight lives. These include:

  • Your heart.
  • Both of the lungs
  • Two kidneys
  • Pancreas.

You can also donate your entire liver into two parts thus saving two recipient’s lives.

Post-demise transplantable tissues include:

  • Eye corneas.
  • Tendons
  • Bones
  • Skin.
  • Veins.
  • Ligaments.
  • Heart Valves.

Do I have to pay to be an organ and tissue donor after death?

If you want to become a deceased donor, you may sign up for a form appended at a relevant website. There are two other interesting ways:

  • First, you can mention your wishes while signing a driver’s license application form.
  • You can also sign a donor card.
  • The process is free of cost.

Inform your family members accordingly. It is better if you sign up with their prior consent. Authorities will need their consent while taking your dead body for transplant.

Does organ and tissue donation after death cause any disfigurement to the donor?

Organ or tissue removal is a completely sterile surgical procedure. Your entire body will remain intact even after the procedure. No disfigurement is thus possible. Your family members may opt for an open casket funeral.

Organ Transplant Procedure in India
Organ Transplant hospital in India

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Organ Transplant Hospitals

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Medanta Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Artemis Hospital
  • Wockhardt Hospital

Top Organ Transplant Surgeons

  • Dr. Gomathy Narasimhan
  • Dr. Sonal Asthana
  • Dr. Manoj Shrivastav
  • Dr. Mohamed Rela
  • Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin
  • Dr. Anupam Saha
  • Dr. Harsha Jauhari
  • Dr. Ashwini Kudari
  • Dr. Shravan Bohra
  • Dr. Murugan N
  • Dr. K. R. Balakrishnan
  • Dr. Subhash Gupta
  • Dr. Ashwini Goel
  • Dr. Shailendra Lalwani
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