Knee Replacement in India - Diagnosis, Types, Risk Factors

Knee Replacement In India - Diagnosis, Types, Risk Factors

Knee replacement infection is a condition that a person gets after the related surgery. Replacement in our hinge joint helps doctors to remove pain, stiffness, apparent instability, or functionality losses affecting our daily lives and activities. Get detailed information about Knee Replacement Surgery types. Find what are the Knee Replacement Surgery risk factors such as Infection, Bleeding, Blood clots, Pain and swelling, Breathing problems, Nerve and artery damage, Etc.

In a healthy joint, your thigh-ends and shin bones are covered with hard cartilage. These cartilages allow such limb bones to move against each other as needed. Diseases like arthritis damage these tissues and thus they become thinner. Thin cartilages are easy victims of casualties.

In the operative procedure, surgeons remove these weakened cartilages and substitute those with metal or plastic hard nuts. Plastic acts like hard cartilage thus restoring the movement capacity of our body joints.

Procedure Types

Total Knee Replacement

It involves joint surface transmutation at the thigh bone end. Doctors remove the joint surface at your shin bone top too.

Besides those, this procedure may involve substituting the kneecap under-surface with a smooth plastic dome. Though such a decision is taken on the surgery table, most surgeons prefer to preserve our natural patella.

Unicompartmental partial knee replacement

In cases where a unitary side is affected by the conjuncture disease, doctors decide to adopt the partial substitution process. In the majority of cases, the central knee-side is affected. A partial replacement procedure means less interference with the organ than what we have experienced with the total procedure, better post-procedure functionality, and quicker recovery can be assured.

Kneecap replacement

The process includes knee-cap under-surface replacement; its groove is also transferred in such a process. Such operative procedure is feasible if arthritis did affect only your kneecap undersurface and the trochlea.

Its success rate is much low than the total knee replacement procedure.

Revision replacement

Doctors consider such processes for the following reasons:

  • Major deformity is caused in the hinge joint.
  • Remarkable bone is lost due to accidents of arthritis.
  • Ligament weakness in the main organ.

Risks involved

Surgery processes are hassle-free in the majority of cases though about 5% of surgery cases have undergone complications. Hopefully, most of such complications are easily treatable.

Risks depend on the patient’s age and his/her overall health situation. Older people are more prone to such risks.

Risks with knee replacement surgeries may include:

  • Pain due to blood clotting in the leg’s deep veins. It happens due to changes in the blood-flow direction as well as its ability to coagulate. Doctors apply pumps and other special stocking methods to reduce such risks.
  • Bleeding risk enhances as surgeons use blood-thinning drugs to avoid blood coating.
  • In rare cases, clotted blood may travel to our lungs. It may cause breathlessness and chest pain. If not cared for in due time, it may result in fatality.
  • Infection that is cured with antibiotics.
  • Nerve damage including tissue injury.
  • Pain.
  • Dislocation.
  • A bone fracture may occur after a few months post-operation.


Patients are invited to a pre-admission clinic a few weeks before surgery. The pathologist team ensures that you are running with their standard health standard. It is absolutely required for the process and other associative functionalities.

Diagnostic tests would comprise:

  • Blood test for anemia test-out. It helps to assure that your renal organs are functioning properly.
  • An MRSA swab test will help check that you do not carry the process-resisting bacteria.
  • Urine tests are conducted to assess your probability of having an infection and calculating its way out.
  • Surgeons will also order an electrocardiograph tracing test. This ensures that the patient’s heart is functioning properly.

Various types of arthritis can affect our hinge joint. Of these, osteoarthritis prevalently occurs in middle-aged and older people. The fierce disease affects the joint cartilage and other bones in nearby locations. Affected people may even get those joint cartilages broken with time.

On the other hand, Rheumatoid arthritis causes inflammation in the synovial membrane. This disease generates enough amount of synovial fluid. This liquid content generates excessive pain in the zone and stiffness too.

The third one, known as traumatic arthritis, brings up damages to the knee cartilage.

Predominant signs

You should visit the appointed cardiologist upon noticing any of the following signs:

  • Feeling of cold that shivers your body.
  • If body temperature exceeds 100oF.
  • An increasing redness, undue tenderness, swelling, and/or pain in your knee.


The Knee Replacement surgery cures pain and apparent disabilities in the hinge organ. In most cases, surgeons need to remove the roots of osteoarthritis.

In such an ailment, people are bound to refrain from activities that require knee-bending. It swells due to growing instability.

Traumatic and Rheumatoid arthritis causes degeneration of the patella. Besides, these two bring up fractures, cartilage tearing, and torn ligaments. Any one of these may ultimately lead to irreversible damages to the patella connectivity.

Medical treatments offered to cure degenerative joint diseases could be one of the following or a combination of these:

  • Pain medications.
  • Drugs to treat anti-inflammatory conditions.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Assistive devices for walking.
  • Cortisone injections at the affected place.

You may get doses of Visco-supplementation injections too. These drugs add lubrication to the affected juncture so you can move it more comfortably.

My verdict

Patients are the final deciders about the treatment policy to be applied. You are always free to ask about the benefits that you are going to get from the procedure. Surgeons, anesthetists, nurses, and various other paramedical staff are answerable to you. Inform them about your medicine allergies and confirm the substitutions.


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