How Does Diabetes Cause Kidney Disease?

How Does Diabetes Cause Kidney Disease?

You can get diabetes if your body cannot produce the required amount of insulin hormone. The disease may also occur when the body is not able to use the produced hormone properly. Insulin controls blood sugar content. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in various parts of our body. The excess blood sugar level is traumatic for heart, kidney, eyes, and brain functioning. It affects the renal organ to the worst standard. Most kidney failure in the world is due to excess blood sugar levels.

Diabetes Types

You can classify diabetes into two principal types. 

  • The first is Type 1 Diabetes. Usually, the condition starts at a younger age. The sickness debars our body from producing enough insulin.
  • The latter is Type 2 diabetes. You will witness the disease in middle-aged and senior people. Tragically, the ailment is spreading fast in the younger people too. Obesity is one of the prime reasons for this ailment. It also leaves a hereditary effect. 

In Type 2 disease, your body will produce insulin, instigator, but cannot use it correctly.

The diabetic Kidney Disease

Doctors also call it diabetic nephropathy. This complication occurs in a few diabetic people. The disease causes damage to the kidney filter, the glomeruli. Under its influence, kidneys leak an abnormal amount of protein. The proteins come from our blood and drop into the urine. Albumin is the main content of such protein-rich body disasters. 

Our protein contains a tiny amount of protein. An increased amount of albumin presence in such body dispel is a confirmed indication of kidney damage by diabetes. Doctors classify diabetic kidneys into the following two categories:


Under this condition, a diabetic patient releases 30 to 300 mg albumin per day. Doctors also call it incipient nephropathy.


Urine secretes more than 300 mg of albumin per day. Medical sciences also call it a macroalbuminuria because of such exceeding releases.

Development of a Diabetic Kidney disease

An increase in glucose level in blood also incorporates the rise of different other chemicals within our renal appendages. These forbidden chemicals cause the glomeruli to leakier. The protein falls into the urine. It passes through the newly generated perforations. Besides, the apprehended sugar levels also make some proteins bond in the glomeruli. It works to create localized scarring.

Medical science terms the process as glomerulosclerosis. It develops within the kidney for several years before appearing as a chronic diabetic symptom. In the worsening condition, glomerulosclerosis starts to replace healthy kidney tissues. The kidneys thus gradually become minor in the renal part of our body.

Blood filtering functionality in our body also begins hindering thus. Doctors refer to this as Kidney Failure. If left untreated, it will ultimately turn into an end-stage kidney failure.

Other Hints

  • The development of microalbuminuria is an accepted symptom of kidney diabetes growth. Usually, it leaves our body under proper treatment subjection. If untreated, it shows signs of progression. Finally, the patient will develop proteinuria.
  • Proteinuria is the advanced phase of microalbuminuria. The condition is irreversible. If tests diagnose it, doctors will declare you a kidney diabetic patient without hesitation. Your kidney functions will show continual degradation. You will edge towards end-stage kidney failure.

Kidney Diabetes trace

People with type 1 diabetes are common victims of diabetic kidney diseases. However, the disease type is also prevalent in people with type 2 diabetics. The disease needs intense handling; researchers have identified this as the predominant cause of kidney failure. The disease is prevalent in around 20% of diabetic patients undergoing dialysis.

Diagnosis Methods

The Doctor orders the following tests before entering the primary treatment:

  • Urine tests help check protein levels in the wastes.
  • Blood pressure checks at various treatment levels.
  • Blood tests would help in tracing the kidney activity level.
  • A biopsy to confirm that diabetes has caused damage to the renal organ.
  • A kidney USG. It checks the arteries there. Doctors get a clear idea of narrowing and clogging in that zone.

How does diabetes impact kidneys?

Diabetic Mellitus causes harm to the pulmonary instincts in three methods. It impacts the blood vessels within the appendage. Both nerves in the system and the urinary tract are also affected.

  • Kidneys have separate filtering units. It fills these with acute blood vessels. 

Once your blood sugar level is high, the additional glucose deposits in the vessel openings. These thus become narrow and clogged. 

It restricts the bloodstream into these areas. Lessened bloodstream cannot help the organ in its full-fledged functioning. Albumin protein passes through the filtering zone instead of wastes. Urine thus contains more protein materials while wastes deposit in various parts of our body.

  • Diabetes also causes harm to the nerves. These strings carry messages from the brain to different body parts. It helps other body organs function properly. 

The bladder stops collecting wastes from various parts of our bodies unless it gets proper instructions. Nerves there cannot carry the message about bladder fulfillment.

When the brain does not receive the messages, you will also not feel urinating. Deposited wastes insert pressure on the bladder walls. It subjects the renal organ to stress. Such pressure from a filled bladder can damage the limb.

  • Prolonged stay of the urine in the bladder causes bacterial formation in it. These bacteria cause urinary tract infections.

Bacteria in the deposited wastes have high contagious power. These grow fast in glucose-containing urine. The resulting situation may cause a threat to lives.

Your knowledge

Patients do not have symptoms at an earlier stage. Doctors thus advise people to have a urine test once a year. You can do it along with a routine medical checkup. Methodical tests can find out even the minuscule protein present in the urine.  Do not panic if the test report shows a trivial amount of protein in your excretory materials. The minor condition will not result in organ failure. Enjoy cure with the right shot of treatment.

Your duties in case diabetes have damaged your pancreatic appendage

Stay cool. Your treatment team is always with you in crises. The team members will work together to create an appropriate treatment plan for you. Such a plan will have various components. These will elongate from controlling blood pressure to check the glucose level. The program would contain:

Control high blood pressure

High blood pressure is an invariable component for diabetes and consequent renal organ failure. The treatment team takes measures to keep your blood sugar level within the limit.

Scheme to manage blood sugar

It is the most crucial to managing pulmonary diseases. A successful glucose level control in the blood can drive diabetes away. They will advise you to observe physical exercises regularly. They also fix an appropriate diet chart for people having blood sugar. Though not advised under usual sequences, patients with grave symptoms may have to consume insulin or hypoglycemic pills to bring their blood sugar level down.

Protecting Kidney functions

Doctors sometimes ask Mellitus patients to consume ACE inhibitors dot ARBs. These are high blood pressure medicines.

If applied to patients having otherwise normal blood pressure, these medicines slow the kidney function losses because of the condition.

Limiting protein consumption

Consuming the right amount of protein is a lifesaver for you. Over-consumption would cause Mellitus ailments. Eating a controlled amount of protein slows down vital limb damage. Your diabetic condition treatment team fixes a low-protein diet chart. A dietician specialized in these diseases helps them. The low protein diet works to remove the killer from your body

Restraining salt consumption in the diet

The presence of an outrageous amount of salt in the diet also causes an elevation in blood pressure. It also causes body swelling. Limit salt usage in your diet.

Report to doctor

Medical experts stress over early reporting. It enhances recovery chances by miles. Gather knowledge about urinary tract infections from your doctor. Contact the doctor immediately in case you witness any of the signs h/she had mentioned. The general symptoms are:

  • Frequent urinating need.
  • Feeling of pain or inflammation while urinating.
  • Blood-stained or foggy excretion.
  • Foul odor in the urine

Canceling the medicines that have damaging potential

Doctors’ team cancels using Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs for diabetic patients. The class includes ibuprofen and naproxen. You should consult your doctor before using any herbal supplement.

Teaching the art to keep cholesterol and lipid levels under control

The treatment will teach you the techniques to control lipid levels and cholesterol in the blood. Adopting an appropriate control measure will prevent damage to the larger blood vessels. It will also help to block damaging effects on the heart and brain.


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