Minimally Invasive Spine Fusion Surgery

Minimally Invasive Spine Fusion Surgery

Minimally Invasive Spine Fusion takes both the Posterior Lumbar Fusion and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion under its scope. Surgeons induce Minimally Invasive Surgery techniques for both. 

MIS techniques help the surgery to be over in less time.

It leaves with fewer tissue damages and pain than the traditional processes. 

Recovery time is also less.


It describes the surgical mending of two lumbar spine bones together. 

Surgeons perform the process from along the sides of the bone where bone graft is also placed.

The tacitly chosen instruments at the conjunction ensure stability no sooner than the bone mends. 

It also speeds up the rate of fusion.


Besides performing everything like a PLF, surgeons need to do an interbody fusion while conducting the Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Thus, the procedure involves the removal of the intervertebral disc. 

The surgical doctor replaces the disc with a bone spacer.

The procedure involves placing one graft spacer in the middle of the inter-body space. 

You will need no spinal nerve retraction.

Doctors favor the latter, i.e. the TLIF, as the 2nd staged procedure if the consort demands a multiple-level ALIF. 

The case is the same for conditions requiring no laminectomy.

Both of the surgeries help cure a variety of spinal conditions.

These include spondylolisthesis and herniated discs.


Patients are under general anesthesia during the whole procedure. They take breathe through the ventilator while the surgery is on.

The surgery team offers antibiotics through veins when the patients lie on their stomachs. 

Their doctors’ team uses a particular form of an operating table for this purpose.

The bedding contains special padding and supports.

Surgeons operate in the low back area. 

They clean the portion with a cleaning solution before the commencement of the surgery.

The team also utilizes sterile drapes. Each of the members wears purified surgical gowns and gloves. It makes the area free from bacteria and other microbes.

The surgeon starts the process by making a small poke-sized hole on each side of the low back. Incision size depends on the number of levels.

They make the incision directly over the affected levels.

With cannulated retractors and sleeves, they divide the fascia and muscles. 

Implanting pedicle screws and rods follow the process. It helps in yielding the fuse joints through the incisions. X-ray images guide the process.

The operating doctors need to perform a partial laminectomy during TLIF surgery.

Also, they need to conduct facetectomy at times.

It helps the surgeon witness the process as he removes the intervertebral disc.

They use special biting and grasping devices to facilitate inter-vertebral disc removal. Other bits of help include an operating microscope and X-ray guidance.

The operating team also uses special distracter instruments for disc height restoration. These also help in determining the appropriate size spacer within the discs.

The process ends with placing a bone spacer in the disc space.

After completion, the surgical team washed the wound areas with sterile water. It also contains antibiotics. They also close the deep fascial layer and the subcutaneous layers with sutures.

Special glues need to be used to close the skin.

Seldom has the treating team used a bandage. The process leaves minimal scars.


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