Category : Procedure
There are some super-specialty hospitals in India that are available that provide only Spine surgery. They use their expertise and offer world-class procedures and treatment. Many multispecialty hospitals in India also provide Spine surgery.
Spinal surgeries have increased in number dramatically over the last three decades. As patient comorbidities and complexity of surgical interventions increase, so does the necessity for critical care management of those patients in both the preoperative and postoperative periods. Optimization of patients preoperatively will improve outcomes. Rehabilitation and pain management are often a serious impediment to a smooth postoperative recovery, and consultations with these specialists should be initiated as early as possible. Postsurgical spine patients will have a mess of critical care issues that will require attention, including frequent ongoing resuscitation within the ICU setting.
With any surgery, there's the danger of complications. When surgery is completed near the spine and medulla spinalis, these complications (if they occur) are often very serious. Complications could involve subsequent pain and impairment and therefore the need for extra surgery. you ought to discuss the complications related to the surgery together with your doctor before surgery. The list of complications provided here isn't intended to be an entire list of complications and isn't a substitute for discussing the risks of surgery together with your doctor.
In general, the goal of the minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery is to stabilize the vertebral bones and spinal joints and/or relieve the pressure being applied to the spinal nerves — often a result of conditions like spinal instability, bone spurs, herniated discs, scoliosis or spinal tumors.
As with any surgery, regardless of how minimal, there are certain risks associated that include, but aren't limited to:
Possible adverse reaction to the anesthetic
Unexpected blood loss during the procedure
Localized infections, regardless of how small the incision area
Spinal surgery cost varies from country to country. But, the value of spinal surgery in India is far but a majority of other countries. the value of spinal surgery in India and other countries are summarized within the table below:
Spine surgery is suggested to patients who can't be cured with the assistance of other therapies. The main symptoms are back pain and restricted movement. Spine surgery is additionally warranted within the case of a sudden excessive injury thanks to fall or an accident. The extensive damage to at least one or more vertebrae or injury threatens the lifetime of the patient if not treated immediately.
There are different types of spine surgery, each of which features a specific purpose. The spine surgery hospitals conduct these procedures with the assistance of the latest technologies.
What happens before spine surgery?
The spine surgeon first conducts a physical examination of the patient to get details of the symptoms that the patient is experiencing. Next, they order a series of the diagnostic assay to form a final assessment of the condition of the patient. A spine surgeon is the best person to require a choice on the sort of spine surgery. He also suggests the sort of technology to use.
Once the patient or his relations complete the hospital formalities, accept as true with the doctor, and are willing to require the risks related to the procedure, the surgery is completed. Each sort of spine surgery fulfills a special purpose. it's performed differently with the assistance of various technology.
Discectomy (Cervical and Lumbar)
This type of spine surgery involves the removal of the ruptured intervertebral disc material. it's the central a part of the intervertebral disk that puts any excess pressure on the nerve root, called because of the medulla spinalis. The pressing of the nerve root may send a wave of pain across the whole medulla spinalis and therefore the radiating nerves.
Discectomy is often performed using open surgery or with the latest technology. The technologies are laser, endoscope, or microsurgical approach. of these techniques help remove the nucleus pulposus, the central a part of the spine.
Kyphoplasty may be a popular procedure used for the treatment of spine fracture. it's going to result due to a spread of reasons, including injury thanks to fall or accident, cancer, benign tumor, and osteoporosis.
An orthopedic balloon is inserted below the fractured vertebrae. It helps to elevate it a touch and place it on its original location. At an equivalent time, the spine surgeon also injects some bone cement to repair the fracture.
Balloon kyphoplasty is often conducted as an outpatient or an inpatient procedure. It depends on the health of the patient and therefore the extent of the damage.
This procedure is a great solution for the pain within the spine that happens thanks to the abnormal motion of the various vertebrae. The abnormal motion could result due to many conditions. It includes spondylosis, degenerative disc disease, vertebral fracture, scoliosis, spinal disc herniation, discogenic pain, spinal tumor removal, and kyphosis.
During fusion, two or more vertebrae are fixed together to make one solid bone. this is often done to limit the abnormal movement between the vertebrae that leads to pain.
The spine surgeon first obtains a bit of bone from the pelvis and this graft is placed in between or on the side of the bones to the fused. The vertebrae are fixed in their place with the assistance of screws, plates, or rods. The vertebrae fuse to make one bone because the graft heals.
Laminoplasty may be a surgery wont to increase the space for the medulla spinalis and therefore the nerve root. This helps relieve any abnormal pressure within the medulla spinalis (spinal stenosis) that would be resulting in pain. it's also performed in cases of spinal tumors and medulla spinalis cyst.
At the time of the procedure, the surgeon cuts through the lamina of the affected vertebrae completely. It creates more room for the medulla spinalis. The improved room for the medulla spinalis helps relieve any pressure instantly. The open bone flap is then attached to small pieces of bone or wedges so that the vertebral canal remains enlarged
This procedure involves partial removal of the lamina. It helps to decompress the nerve root and relieve the pressure. it's a standard yet a major procedure. It is often performed on four different types of vertebrae – cervical, lumbar, sacral, and thoracic.
Laminotomy is often performed on one or many vertebrae. This procedure is combined with other spinal procedures like discectomy and fusion.
This is a minimally invasive procedure conducted to decrease the quantity of a ruptured intervertebral disc. this is often conducted by removing or decompressing tissue from the middle of the disc. This helps reduce the pressure inserted by the herniation on the medulla spinalis and therefore the nerve root. As a result, it helps relieve chronic back pain resulting thanks to herniation.
Latest Technologies For Spine Surgery in India
Microsurgical, Endoscopic or Laser Discectomy
Microsurgical, endoscopic, or laser discectomy may be a sort of minimally invasive surgery. These are wont to remove the ruptured intervertebral disc material. The disc has been putting excess pressure on the nerve root, resulting in pain within the ban and legs (sciatica).
The procedure is often performed using open surgery method or with the assistance of specialized tools like an endoscope. a mixture of endoscope and laser is employed to get rid of the herniation. The patient is in a position to recover more quickly using this approach as compared to open surgery.
However, the selection to conduct minimally invasive discectomy depends on the choice of the doctor and therefore the overall condition of the patient.
Robot-assisted spine surgery is an accurate and particularly precise thanks to performing different types of spine surgeries. Robots controlled by an experienced surgeon. As directed by the doctor The robotic hands perform. It also makes use of various surgical tools and equipment.
The surgeon handling the machine can see the within of the patient on a screen. He or she will see the guide the robot to perform the next set of actions. this is often wont to treat many spine-related conditions, including spinal tumors and deformities.
Cyberknife is a complicated system used for several treatments. This advanced system uses high-dose radiation. It treats and destroys spine tumors.
The most important advantage of the cyberknife system is its accuracy, effectiveness, and duration. By Cyberknife system using usually takes five to seven days for the treatment of spine tumors. It's much but the time it takes to deliver low-dose radiation over months.
Spine Surgery in India Frequently Asked Questions
What's minimally invasive spine surgery?
Minimally invasive spine surgery may be a keyhole approach during which the surgeon makes small incisions on the rear to show the anatomy and access the damaged spine.
When will the Patient start walking after the surgery?
Generally, the patients are ready to stand and plan to walk from the second or third day after spine surgery and therefore the catheters also are then removed. However, it's going to vary counting on the patient’s condition and severity of the injury.
How long is that the hospital stays after the surgery?
Hospitalization after spine surgery usually lasts for 3 to 5 days, counting on the sort of surgery performed. With the minimally invasive procedure, the recovery is quicker and the period of hospitalization is shorter, compared to traditional open surgery.
When will the suture be removed?
Generally, the sutures are removed on the patient’s first postoperative visit one to 2 weeks after the procedure. Some patients can also receive dissolvable sutures.
Will I want to wear a brace after spine surgery?
Patients may require to wear a brace after a few spine surgeries. The physician will determine whether a brace is required on the idea of several factors, like the integrity of the bone and the sort of procedure performed. Braces are used for protective reasons, to protect against any injury to the operated spine.
When am I able to return to the figure after the surgery?
Most patients feel ok to resume work within 2-3 weeks following the procedure. However, some people may require extended recovery time, which could also be 4-8 weeks, before they will return to figure. The timeline depends on the individual’s healing speed, the sort of surgery, and therefore the nature of labor
When will I be ready to drive after the surgery?
Patients can usually start to drive their car in 15 to 20 Days. they're going to be ready to drive long distances within 2-3 months after the surgery. However, regular drive to long distances should be avoided.
Best Spine Surgeons in India
Dr. Arvind Kulkarni
Dr. Sajan Hegde
Dr. Harshvardhan k Hegde
Dr. Hitesh Garg
Dr. Arvind Jaiswal
Dr Sandeep Vaishya
Dr. Bipin Swarn Walia
Dr Mihir Bapat
Dr. S. Karunakaran
Dr Devesh Dholakia
Best Spine Surgery in India
Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
BLK Super Speciality Hospital
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Delhi NCR
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
Manipal Hospital, Hal Airport Road, Bangalore
Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai
Manipal Hospital, Bangalore
Gleneagles Global Hospital, Chennai
Fortis Hospital, Kolkata
Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai
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