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A valve replacement surgery includes replacing a damaged valve in your heart with a mechanical valve or a tissue valve. a replacement valve will relieve the strain and aims to ease symptoms like breathlessness and pain.
India being the most affected country when it comes to cardiovascular diseases among the world, demands advanced medical procedure and regular technology update from time to time. One such procedure is the Heart Valve Replacement Surgery, which usually takes place when a person's heart's valves are diseased or damaged to a certain extent. This surgery helps in correcting the problems that could be caused by dysfunctional heart valves.
How would one assess that he/she is in the need of such surgery? The prominent symptoms for valve problems could be the following: -
If a person starts experiencing these symptoms, he/ she should immediately consult a physician. When we discuss heart valve replacement surgery, the prime question is "Why do we need it?". The answer to that would be that, there are times when the valves don't open/ close properly which disrupts the process of pumping blood effectively.
Based on the valve problems, there are 3 major causes, that are enumerated below:
Based on the structure of the heart, the heart valve replacement surgery comprises of the following sites:
The conventional techniques used for heart valve replacement surgeries would be the use of the following:
Donor Tissue: Commonly known as the "Tissue Valve" Replacement Surgery, it includes tissue coming from a donor. The donor tissue could either be a human or an animal tissue.
Mechanical Valve: The insertion of a firm valve made of tensile materials for a long term benefit is one of the most primitive ways in which a valve replacement surgery is done.
Ross Procedure: This procedure is also known as the "borrowing valve" procedure, as it involves positioning your healthy valve in the place of the damaged one.
TAVR: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery is one of the preferred ways of surgery as it is less invasive than the rest. Other methods involve open-heart surgery. As this technique is less invasive, it adds on to the advantages of hospital management in the aspects of the duration of stay, recovery time, and reduced infection probability.
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