Category : Healthcare
A vitrectomy is a type of eye surgery that treats problems with the retina or the fluid in the eye called the vitreous. In a vitrectomy, a surgeon removes fluid from the eye. Vitrectomy allows for a variety of repairs, including the removal of scar tissue, laser repair of retinal detachments, and treatment of macular holes.
Vitrectomy may be a sort of eye surgery wont to treat problems of the eye’s retina and vitreous. during this surgery, an ophthalmologist may:
• Remove blood keeping light from focusing properly on the retina
• Remove connective tissue that's wrinkling or tearing the retina and causing poor vision
• Help repair a retina that has detached (pulled away) from the attention wall
• Remove a far off object stuck inside the attention from an injury
The ophthalmologist removes some or all of the vitreous from the center of your eye at the time of vitrectomy. This vitreous is replaced with either a saltwater solution or a bubble made from gas or oil.
A vitrectomy may be a surgery that’s done to get rid of the fluid, referred to as vitreous humor or simply vitreous, inside your eyeball.
Vitreous could also be removed for several reasons. It’s most ordinarily done so that your surgeon can access your retina, a layer of tissue at the rear of your eye that’s connected to your nervus opticus. The retina sends signals to your brain so that you'll see.
This will keep light from reaching your retina properly and cause vision trouble. Removing and replacing the fluid may solve or improve the matter. Sometimes the retina pulls faraway from the tissue around it. Your doctor could do a vitrectomy to form it easier to urge your retina and repair it. Vitrectomy also can give your doctor access to your macula, which lies in the middle of your retina and provides sharp sight. A hole in it may result in blurry vision. With the vitreous fluid gone, it’s easier to repair. Some other problems vitrectomy can treat include:
Damaged blood vessels in your retina
Infections inside your eye
Serious eye injuries
Wrinkles in your retina (macular pucker)
Your doctor can also suggest the procedure to treat specific problems after cataract surgery.
Before Vitrectomy Surgery
Your ophthalmologist (an eye specialist) can tell you if there are specific belongings you got to do to organize. you'll ask:
Do I want to prevent taking certain medications beforehand?
Should I avoid food and drinks before surgery, and if so, how long before?
What are my anesthesia options?
How long does one expect the surgery to take?
It’s likely the doctor will look again at your eye before surgery using special tools and a light-weight. they'll get to dilate your eyes. they could want to try to do an ultrasound on your eye to seem more closely at your retina.
During Vitrectomy Surgery
A vitrectomy can take anywhere from one to many hours, counting on what condition you’re treating. it's going to be only one during a series of procedures to repair a drag. You’ll have the choice to remain awake and use numbing drops or shots in your eye. otherwise, you might get general anesthesia medicine that helps you attend sleep during surgery.
A vitrectomy could also be done if your vitreous is infected, inflamed, or crammed with blood or bits of tissue referred to as floaters. A vitrectomy also can help your doctor treat conditions that will affect your retina or the within of your eyeball, such as:
bleeding inside your eye
eye infections (endophthalmitis)
wrinkles, tears, or injury within the retina
When your retina separates from its usual place and floats around in your eye then a detached retina happens.
major trauma or injury to your eye
macular hole, which happens when the tissue in your retina that helps you see details is broken
The success rate for vitrectomy is around 90 percent, albeit you’re over 60.
Before you attend a hospital or clinic to possess this procedure done, confirm someone can take you home which you'll get a couple of days off work or other activities. Your doctor may ask you to not eat or drink anything eight hours before the surgery.
During the procedure, your Vitrectomy surgeon:
Makes sure that your eyelids are fully opened.
Cuts into the primary layer of your eye tissue.
Cuts into the white tissue of your eye referred to as the sclera.
Removes vitreous and other necessary tissues through one among the cuts.
Replaces the vitreous with another substance, like gas, air, or saline. This substance will eventually get replaced by a fluid that your eye naturally creates.
Performs the other surgeries to repair your retina or remove damaged tissue from the attention, like employing a laser to repair any issues together with your retina.
Removes any tools and lights and stitches up the openings in your eye. In many cases, your doctor won't get to use stitches.
Are there any risks or complications?
Vitrectomy may be a simple, effective procedure with few risks and complications. Your risk for complications could also be higher if the procedure was done to repair extensive damage to your eye or retina.
Possible complications of a vitrectomy include:
retinal tearing or detaching
bleeding within the eye
complications from anesthesia, like pneumonia or stroke
formation of an excessive amount of connective tissue within the eye
decrease in vision
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