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Heart Valve Replacement is carried out by Cardiologist. Get detailed information about Heart surgery in India. Find the list of Heart surgery hospitals in India at HMSDESK to book an appointment.
Heart valve surgery is a procedure that is needed when a patient has a heart valve disease. The heart has four valves: mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary and aortic. These valves have flaps that open and close up once every heartbeat, which allows the proper flow of blood throughout the heart. The flaps of the mitral and tricuspid valve are called leaflets and the flaps of the pulmonary and aortic valve are called cusps. When these flaps fail to open properly, there is improper blood flow through the valves, and hence leads to a heart valve disease.
In a heart valve surgery, the surgeon repairs or replaces the damaged valve, to ensure that the blood flows through the heart in the proper way. Mostly, a heart valve replacement surgery is an open-heart surgery type, but many minimally invasive methods have been formulated to reduce the risks of an open-heart surgery.
The mitral valve is placed on the left side of the heart. It lets the blood flow into the left atrium, so that it can flow into the left ventricle then. If the bicuspid valve is damaged, the blood would flow out of the heart and into the lung, which would put unnecessary pressure on the lungs. Again, the damage could be because of congenital disorders or other reasons. The mitral valve is replaced in this surgery.
Pulmonary valve separates the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle. The pulmonary valve allows the blood to flow from the heart to the lungs through the pulmonary artery. Due to stenosis, there would be restricted blood flow, and hence the pulmonary valve is then replaced in the surgery.
In this surgery, both the mitral and aortic valve are replaced or the entire left side of the heart is replaced. This is the rarest surgery out of all the replacement surgeries mentioned above.
There are two types of valve that can be used:
Mechanical valves are created out of carbon or polyester material which the body does not react to. A mechanical valve can last for 10-20 years post the surgery. The disadvantage of a mechanical valve is that it forms blood clots due to which the patient will have to be on blood thinners their whole lifetime.
Biologic valves are valves made put of either the heart muscle of the patient known as allograft or porcine valve which is taken from a pig or a bovine valve which is taken from a cow. The advantage that biologic valves have over mechanical vales is that they do not have a tendency to form blood clots hence there is no need of taking blood thinners. But biologic valves do not last as long as mechanical valves, hence there is a need for another replacement surgery sooner.
Get details of the Heart Valve Replacement hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of Heart Valve Replacement varies widely. For surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper Cardiologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Cardiologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.
What are the types of replacement valves that are used?
What are the signs and symptoms of a heart valve disease?
What are the diagnostic tests that are needed for diagnosing a heart valve disease?
How is life after it?
Most valve replacement surgery tasks are useful. A valve fix may come up short in some uncommon cases, and another activity might be required. Patients with an organic valve may have to have the valve supplanted in 10 to 15 years. Mechanical valves may likewise fall flat, so patients should caution their PCP on the off chance that they have any valve disappointment indications. Patients with an automatic valve should take a blood-diminishing medication for the remainder of their lives. Since these medications increment the danger of seeping inside the body, you should consistently wear a clinical ready wristband and tell your primary care physician or dental specialist that you are taking a blood-diminishing medication.
Whether you are not taking a blood-diminishing medication, it would help if you consistently told your primary care physician and dental specialist that you had had a valve medical procedure. If you have a careful or dental methodology, you should take an anti-microbial before the strategy. Microbes can enter the circulation system during these methods. On the off chance that microscopic organisms get into a fixed or counterfeit valve, it can prompt an actual condition called bacterial endocarditis. Anti-infection agents can forestall bacterial endocarditis.
Patients with mechanical valves state they some of the time hear a calm clicking sound in their chest. This is only the sound of the new valve opening and shutting, and it is not something to be stressed over. Indeed, it is an indication that the new valve is working how it should.
Should you consider valve repair or replacement?
The choice of repairing or replacing a harmed valve relies upon numerous things, including:
The seriousness of your valve illness
Your age and by and large wellbeing
Regardless of whether you need a heart medical procedure to address another heart issue notwithstanding valve illness, for example, the heart sidesteps a medical practice to treat coronary course sickness, so the two conditions can be treated on the double.
All in all, the repair is generally the best option since it is related to a lower danger of disease, preserving valve strength and work, and diminishes the need to take blood-diminishing drugs for the remainder of your life, which might be important with particular kinds of valve substitution. For instance, individuals with an opening in the valve's conclusion folds (punctured valve flyer) might be the possibility for aortic valve fix instead of substitution, contingent upon the seriousness of their condition.
Be that as it may, most valves can't be repaired, and this medical procedure is frequently harder to do than replacement. Your most ideal choice will rely upon your individual circumstance, just as the skill and experience of your medical services group.
Why consider India for Heart Valve Disease Treatment?
India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Heart Valve Disease tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.
Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.
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