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Heart Surgery in India

Heart Surgery Overview

Heart surgery helps to correct heart problems. The option is the last alternative to cure issues with your heart. Your house physician will recommend this method when all other methods have either failed or are impossible to use.

The most common type of heart surgery in India is heart bypass surgery. Medical specialists call it the Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. While performing CABG, the surgeon takes up a healthy artery or vein from the patient’s body. It is then connected to the blocked heart artery of the patient.

Heart Surgery Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost Heart Surgery in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for Heart Surgery at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The Heart Surgery costs range from $5,000 to $7,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the Heart Surgery hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of Heart Surgery varies widely. For surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper Cardiologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

The treatment cost for heart surgery depends on the condition and the type of surgery needed.

Heart Surgery in India
Heart Surgery Cost in India

The process

  • Repairing or replace heart valves. These valves control blood flow through the heart.
  • If the heart undergoes any damage.
  • Reconstruction of heart structure.
  • Implanting medical devices to cooperate with the heartbeat.
  • The process supports heart functioning and blood flow.
  • Heart transplantation.
  • Heart bypass surgery is the most dependable process to treat coronary heart diseases.
  • It controls unease heart rhythms too.


The doctor will consider heart surgery bypass on finding a blockage in the heart. The procedure is also considered if there are more than one narrowing in the coronary arteries. Such blockage or narrowing creates an obstacle in the blood supply to the heart muscles. Such diagnosing seems hard as you may not have any symptoms at the early stage. You should continue the visit with your doctor. He will conduct the required examination to trace out symptoms in later periods. Primary symptoms for heart surgery valve may include severe chest pain and continued indigestion. Such pain may result in increased blockage of a coronary artery. Negligence may lead to a severe heart attack or failure leading to death.

Heart Surgery symptoms include:

  • Pain in the chest.
  • Abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Palpitations.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Severe tiredness.
  • Swelling in your hands and feet.
  • Digestive disorders.

Heart Surgery Risks

The probable risks associated with heart surgery bypass include the following:

  • Blood clots; it may cause lung problems, stroke, and heart attack.
  • Severe bleeding at the time or after the surgery.
  • Infection at the incision spot.
  • Breathing issues.
  • Pneumonia
  • Failure of the graft.
  • Kidney Failure.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Expiry.

The level of risk depends on the medical condition of the patient. So, the doctors make a detailed examination to check if the person is fit enough to take the surgery.

Heart Surgery Causes

The heart surgery bypass is considered when the patient

  • Has severe chest pain. The cause of such pain may be the narrowing of arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle.
  • When the patient has several diseased coronary arteries.
  • If the test reveals that the left ventricle is not properly functioning.
  • The left main coronary is either blocked or narrowed. These may cause the stoppage of blood supply to the heart muscle.
  • Angioplasty is not possible.
  • Under emergencies when the patient does not respond to other treatments.
Heart Surgery Recovery
Heart Surgery Risks

Heart Surgery Procedure

As the doctor decides about performing heart bypass surgery, he will tell you to perform some blood tests. A chest X-Ray will follow that shows your heart position and configuration. Finally, the electrocardiogram test will complete your preparation.

Doctors strictly instruct against smoking, the use of pain relievers, or other heart medications at this period.

You will have to be in fast that begins from the midnight of the surgery date. Take the entire medicines that the doctor offers you.

The procedure involves the following:

  • Several medications are given when you reach the hospital for the surgery. It is followed by the anesthesia that will lead you to a somber and painless drowse.
  • You are hooked to a cardiopulmonary bypass machine. It circulates oxygenated blood through your body while the surgical process is on.
  • The surgeon then removes a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body. The process is called grafting. It helps blood bypass the blocked or damaged artery. One end of such graft is connected above the blockage and the other end to below.
  • At the final stage, the surgeon checks whether the bypass functions appropriately. Then the opened portions are stitched up and bandaged. The patient is transferred to the ICU where h/she will be under observation for some days following.

Types of Heart Surgery

The heart surgery bypass can be of various types. Each of these sub-sections serves a particular purpose. People are aware of the following types:

Heart surgery open

It refers to the surgery done on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, aorta, or other large arteries. The term Open Heart Surgery or Heart surgery open means that the patient’s heart is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine or a bypass pump.

Heart Surgery Procedure
Heart Surgery Diagnosis
  • The doctor will stop your heart while connecting to the machine.
  • The bypass machine will do the work of the heart and lungs at the time of surgery. It will add oxygen to the blood. Besides, it will help to move blood throughout the body. Carbon Dioxide is also removed.

The heart surgery balloon process

The process is considered if the patient has an artery blockage. The surgeon inserts an inflated balloon in the coronary division of your body.

The process is also known as angioplasty. Putting in a balloon influences the nomenclature of the process. The balloon helps to widen the artery. It helps in restoring the blood flow to the heart muscle.

The doctor can’t recommend the process if you have already undergone the process. The heart surgery bypass remains the only procedure under such cases.

The Coronary artery bypass grafting – CABG

CABG occupies almost 90% of the total heart surgeries done throughout the world. The doctor requires lifts a healthy artery or vein from another part of the body. It is then connected to the heart to ensure blood supply to the blocked coronary artery.

It thus generates a new path for blood to flow to the heart muscle. A surgeon may need doing the same thing for several damaged arteries in the heart. It is parallel to a heart surgery bypass.

The heart surgery valve

The surgeon decides whether the damaged valve is repairable or it requires replacement. An artificial valve or a biological valve is used in such a replacement. The biological valve is made from animal heart tissue.

Repairing options include inserting a catheter. Surgeon inserts the catheter through a large blood vessel. A balloon is placed at the tip of the catheter. As the device guides to the heart, the balloon is inflated or deflated as needed. The inflation of the balloon makes the narrow valve widen.

The heart surgery pacemaker

The process helps in restoring arrhythmia. Under such conditions, the heart either moves faster or slow. It does not rhythm in an organized pattern too.

The doctor chooses the heart surgery pacemaker method if medicine does not work. Pacemakers work in controlling the heart rhythm through electrical pulses. It has a sensor that identifies when the rhythm becomes abnormal. Then it starts functioning without delay.

The heart transplantation

The weak or damaged heart of the ailing is replaced with the healthy heart of a demised donor.

The Maze Surgery

The surgeon uses a stent for the operation. Thus it is called the heart surgery with stent. With the help of the maze or stent, he creates a

The scar tissue takes the electrical signals to the lower heart chambers through a controlled path.

The surgery helps cure atrial fibrillation. It is a common type of severe arrhythmia.

Heart Surgery Benefits

Heart surgery carries a lot of benefits. These may include:

  • It saves lives for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Such patients are always under threat of heart attack.
  • The elective coronary bypass surgery is beneficial for people with angina and breath shortness.
  • It cures loss of memory issues.
  • Reduces the scope of injury to the heart.
  • Cures heart rhythmic issues.
Heart Procedures in India
Heart Surgery Types

Frequently Asked Questions about Heart Treatment

What is a heart-lung machine?

The device works for blood collection. It contains a special filter that helps remove the CO2 and other waste products. The oxygenator adds oxygen. The oxygenator has a heat exchanger system. It regulates the blood temperature. The collector collects the blood from throughout the body.

What is a multiple heart surgery bypass?

Surgeons may need to perform several bypasses in one go. The main reason for this is the blockage of more than one artery. There are instances where the surgeon performs more than three bypasses. The procedure is called the multiple heart surgery bypass.

What are tissue stabilizers?

Tissue stabilizers control the dialectic movement of tissue. By controlling the movement of tissues, it helps to steady the heart too. Surgeons across the globe use the device to perform the beating heart CABG.

The octopus device uses small suction pods. It grips the heart to steady the heart while the surgery is on.

How long it takes for the CABG surgery to show results?

Certifying any fixed time will not be justified. A lot of people see instant relief from symptoms. Others have to wait for several weeks before observing a change.

Are medicines recommended after heart surgery?

Patients may require taking some medications after surgery. These medicines help him/her to avert side-effects. The strength of the medicine and the proposed time for intake depend on the patient’s overall medical condition.

Why consider India for Heart Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Heart tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Cardiac Hospital in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • SIMS Hospital, Chennai
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Artemis Hospital
  • Wockhardt Hospitals
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Asian Heart Hospital
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Narayana Hrudyalaya
  • Sakra World Hospital
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad

Best Cardiac Hospital in India

  • Dr. Pavan Kumar
  • Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mohanty
  • Dr. Pavan Kumar
  • Dr. Sandeep Honnekeri
  • Dr Surendra Nath Khanna
  • Dr. Shantesh Kaushiki
  • Dr. Anand Somaya
  • Dr. Ravi Bhatnagar
  • Dr. Sanjeev Y Vichare
  • Dr. Sandeep Honnekeri
  • Dr. Anil Tendolkar
  • r. Sanjeev Y Vichare
  • Dr. Shantesh Kaushik
  • Dr. Anand Somaya
  • Dr. Ravi Bhatnagar
  • Dr Bhupesh D Shah
  • Dr.K.M. Cherianr
  • Dr Baldev Singh Sekhon
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