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Esophageal Cancer Treatment in India


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Esophageal Cancer Treatment

You get an Esophageal Cancer when cells in your esophagus undergo uncontrolled division and sub-division, i.e. mutation. Unplanned mutation often gives rise to accumulation of numerous unproductive cells in the area. Often, these hinders normal cell functioning either blocking the healthy cells from work or killing the normal cells in food tract.

Cancer in esophagus starts at the inner layer of the duct. Tumors show metastasis characteristics in most cases. It is revealed from the fact that often the cancerous effect spreads to different other layers within the esophagus and various other body parts too.

Metastasis type

Cancer in our food tract is mainly sub-divided into two broad criteria. The first one is squamous cell carcinoma. The sqamous cells form line for the inner esophagus. Thus, any cancer developed in this region spreads fast throughout the food tract organ.

Another disease is known as adeno-carcinoma. These tumors are grown at the gland cells. The entire squamous cells along the esophagus line are replaced by gland cells.

Adenocarcinoma occurs in the lower organ part near the stomach. The organ observes the responsibilities of acid exposing to this part of the organ.

Beside the above two, doctors could find various rare types of food track tumor disease. These occur at seldom, but there is no depression in causing fatal experience. Some of these ailments include small cell carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma and choriocarcinoma.

Esophageal Cancer types
Esophageal Cancer Symptoms


Oncologists often agree on the point that getting esophageal cancer beforehand is an impossible task. However, you may face symptoms at some advanced stage, while visiting the doctor. These signs and symptoms include:

  • Having a painful sensation at the time of swallowing.
  • Sudden drop in body weight.
  • Hoarseness of voice.
  • Frequent coughing.
  • Problem in food digesting.
  • Heartburn.
  • Pain at times in the chest, at the breast bone.


The experts say that Esophageal Cancer occurs due to mutation in the cell DNA. It results in unplanned division and growth of cells around the esophagus zone.

The accumulated cells form tumor in the zone; these cells often undergo subsequent division to spread to nearby structures within the esophagus.

Risk Factors

Doctors often opine that a chronic irritation in your esophagus would bring in the changes that cause esophageal cancer. There are several factors that yield and spare irritation in the esophagus cells thereby increasing the condition risk:

  • Smoking.
  • Having bile reflux.
  • You have flat chances to have the disease if you have a gastro-esophageal reflux disease or GERD.
  • Obesity or having fat in some other places too.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • You may have a swallowing unease due to esophageal sphincter. This does not relax.
  • Stay away from drinking excess hot fluids. It steadies the chances for this condition.
  • Having dearth of fruits and vegetables in diet.
  • If you are continuing radiation treatment for chest or the upper abdomen.


With span of the disease, your body starts suffering from various types of physical complications. These may include:

  • Esophagus obstruction: The disease makes your food consumption a tough job. Even soft liquid seems hard to pass through.
  • Ailment causes severe pain when it reaches to an advanced stage.
  • You could have to sustain bleeding. Often it is gradual. Despite being stage occurrence, you need to serve fatal threats for your life.

Preventing the disease

Doctors would always like to keep you free from cancer risks. To prohibit such occurrence,

Leave out smoking

To our wonder, medical sciences have spotted smoking as the core for a lot of cancerous ailment. Esophageal cancer also forms a part of it. Consumption of excessive amount of tobacco yield and steadied the condition.

Seek consultation from your treating doctor about managing the smoking habit. Your doctor will give you a few medications and counseling too to help escalate the quit process.

Control alcohol consumption

Alcohol is equally detrimental for proper organ functioning. Though many of the doctors express soft attitude to such habit, but I should recommend you to stay away from such a shaky habit would help you lead a prosperous life.

Consume a maximum amount of fruits and vegetables.

Add fruits and season vegetables into your diet list.

Work to maintain a steady and healthy weight.

Overweight and obese people are more prone to diseases. Therefore, try to be slim by trimming the fat out.

There are strategies that would help you in planning for a toned body. Follow the golden rule and enjoy steady weight loss from your body.

When should you visit the doctor?

Having persistent signs is alarming. Call your doctor as soon as you find worrying symptoms. Such symptoms may include a Barrett’s Esophagus. It is a precancerous condition caused by chronic acid reflux. Presence of such a symptom increases your risk for developing an Esophageal Cancer.

You should ask your doctor what signs and symptoms are alarming for the disease. A screening test would help you in finding Barrett’s Esophagus in you.


Your doctor will start diagnosis for the disease with querying about your medical history. Then h/she will conduct a physical examination of yours and review the symptoms. Based on his/her primary analysis, there will be order for certain blood test, X-rays and others.

Barium Swallow X-ray

You will have to drink a Barium Sulphate solution; it will coat your esophagus. Thus it will stand unique in the eyes of X-ray. Your doctor will thus able to spot the malice with little efforts.


Your pathology doctor will pass an endoscope comprising a thin and lighted tube down the throat into your esophagus. Endoscopic sonic waves help him/her collect more information about stretch of tumor in the adjacent tissues.


It involves the collection of cells or tissues from the affected area. Pathology experts examine the cells under a powerful microscope to detect any tumor stent in those cells. You may need to undergo several other tests too. These might include:

  • CT scan.
  • Positron emission Tomography scanning.
  • Thoracoscopy.
  • Laparoscopy.


The treatment of esophageal cancer depends on the stage that the patient is currently in. The stages are identified from 0 to IV, depending on progress of the tumor on your cell.

For instance,

  • Stage 0 will indicate that abnormal cells have just started to grow.
  • Stage I means cancer cells are found only in the layer of cells that line the esophagus.
  • Stage II indicates that the muscle layers of your esophagus are affected. It may also reach to several lymph nodes nearby.
  • Stage III would reveal that the cancer has reached deeper into the inner muscle layer as well as near the connective tissue wall. It may also have spread beyond the esophagus into surrounding organ.
  • Stage IV is the severest stage. You are at this stage means the disease has already spread to other body organs affecting the lymph nodes far from the esophagus.

Before Treatment

Before opting for a treatment plan, your surgeon asks you about your choice. It is his duty to explain your current medical condition and availability of treatment options in that situation.


Surgical method is the most prevalent treatment option as most of the patient parties want complete eradication of their disease. For esophagus, surgery takes the following forms:

Surgery for removing very small tumors

Too tiny symptoms stick to the superficial layers of your esophagus and do not spread. Operating the disease and a margin of healthy tissues out would help you escape from the disease.

Operating to remove a part of your esophagus

The process is called the esophagectomy. Your surgeon will remove a part of the esophagus containing the tumor. A portion of the stomach upper part is also drenched down along with nearby lymph nodes. The remaining part of your gullet reconnects to the stomach.

Removal of esophagus part and the upper stomach portion

The process called esophagogastrectomy, involve removal of esophagus part as well as lymph nodes in the nearby areas. Your surgeon will also remove a better part of your stomach that contains the cancerous elements.

The processes discussed above may also carry side effects like an infection, bleeding, or leakage. Such seeps are from the reattachment areas in your stomach.

Your surgeon will help you combat with complications like esophageal obstruction and dysphagia, associated with the disease

  • While encountering esophageal obstruction, your surgical doctor will insert a metal stent with the help of an endoscope and other special tools. The stent holds the organ open. Then h/she removes the obstacle with an appropriate surgical method.
  • If you have trouble swallowing after surgery, you may need nutrition doses to get rid of that. Your doctor will provide the required nutrition with a feeding tube; it is delivered directly into your stomach.


Chemotherapy involves use of chemicals in drug form helping the cancer cells to kill. Often these drugs are offered either before or after the surgery. Your doctor may decide to use chemotherapy along with the radiation therapy.

It delimits signs and symptoms for cancer already went beyond the esophagus.

Radiation Therapy

It involves an application of high-energy proton or X-ray beams from outside your body to kill the cancer cells. It aims the disease beams. Alternatively, though scarcely used, radiation tube may be placed within body near your tumor.

The process works well for large sized disease Alps. It helps you to enjoy relief from advanced staged disease.

Targeted Therapy

Presently, many cancerous ailments have been served with targeted therapy. It offers you with a bonanza as it target the specific weakness in the cancerous cells.

As the weaknesses are covered, it inflicts the diseased cells to die. Your doctor will use Targeted Drug Therapy along with chemotherapy while treating cancers at advanced stage.


If you take an opinion from the International Society for cancer, the rates of survival after being diagnosed with esophageal cancer come around 40 percent for localized spread while the rate is mere 5% for distant spread cases.

esophageal cancer causes
esophageal cancer stages

Esophageal Cancer Treatment Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost esophageal cancer treatment in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for esophageal cancer treatment at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The esophageal cancer treatment costs range from $5,000 to $7,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the esophageal cancer treatment hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable cost. The cost of esophageal cancer treatment varies widely. For lone cancer surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist/oncologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

Affordable Esophageal Cancer Treatment Cost In India

Find Esophageal cancer treatment costs in Rupees can range between 400000 – 80000 INR. The total amount or final bill may vary based on the extra services provided by the hospital, the type of room the patient chooses, the diagnostic procedures conducted, medicine, and additional facilities availed.

Esophageal Cancer Treatment in India
Esophageal Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Frequently Asked Questions about Esophageal Cancer Treatment

Why should I question a doctor?

Questioning the doctor would help remove the shabbiness in your mind about the procedure. You will face the processes and its outcomes with more confidence and mental preparedness.

What are the probable side effects for esophageal cancer surgery?

You may experience pain, nausea, vomiting, trouble swallowing and heartburn. However, it requires mentioning that such experiences will vary from one patient to another.

What can I expect after surgery?

  • Be in hospital for a few days.
  • Pain.
  • Trouble in swallowing
  • Fatigue.
  • Heartburn.
  • A change in your nutritional needs.

What is the ideal time to visit a doctor?

Visit your doctor no sooner than you have developed a symptom. These could be difficulty in swallowing, persistent coughing, voice hoarseness, or hiccups.

Can GERD cause the disease?

GERD has no direct involvement in creating cancerous ailments. However, it can influence the factors.

Why consider India for Esophageal Cancer Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Esophageal Cancer Treatment tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Cancer Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • Action Cancer Hospital
  • SIMS Hospital, Chennai
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Asian Heart Hospital
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad
  • Saifee hospital, Mumbai
  • Bombay Hospital & Medical Research Centre

Top Cancer Specialist in India

  • Dr. Sanghavi Meghal Jayant
  • Dr. Mathangi
  • Dr. Raja Sundaram
  • Dr. Jagdeesh Kulkarni
  • Dr. Rahul Bhargava
  • Dr. Manas Kalra
  • Dr. C Rayappa
  • Dr. P Jagannath
  • Dr. Adwani
  • Dr. Vikas Dua
  • Dr. Jalaj Baxi
  • Dr. Rajeev Agarwal
  • Dr. Ashok Vaid
  • Dr. Narmada Prasad
  • Dr. Arun Prasad
  • Dr. Deepak Sari
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