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Cervical Cancer Treatment in India

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Cervical Cancer Treatment Overview

Cervical Cancer in India
Cervical Cancer Treatment Cost in India

what is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is a life-threatening disease that occurs in the cells forming the cervix lining. Cervix connects the body of our uterus to the vagina. Like other cancerous disease types, this disease owes its generation to the uncontrolled mutation in the cells lining our cervix.

The entire cervix is divided into two parts; each of the parts is covered with a distinguished form of cells.

  • Our cervix opening is called the endocervix; it leads into the uterus. This part of the cervix is covered with glandular cells.
  • The other, rather the outer part of your organ is called the exocervix; it is also referred to as ectocervix. A doctor can only see this part when h/she conducts a speculum test. Exocervix is covered with squamous cells.

The position where these two types of cells meet in the organ is referred to as the transformation zone. Its location changes with age and/or you conceive. Cancer grows in the tender cells in this zone.

Prominent symptoms

At the earlier stage, cervical cancer hardly produces any symptoms. However, signs developed during advanced or more advanced stages include:

  • Bleeding in the vagina occurs after sexual intercourse. Often it happens between periods or after menopause.
  • Bloody, and fluid-type discharges from the vagina; often these are heavy and emit a foul smell.
  • Pain in the pelvis.
  • Trauma during intercourse.

Reasons

In recent years, researchers have shown a lot of progress that helps our doctors in getting through the core of cervical cancer. Several risk factors have been identified that dictate the factors helping generate the disease.

Our DNA contains several genes that control the growth, division, living, and death of cells. Genes controlling growth, division, and helping the genes stay alive are called oncogenes. Conversely, cells controlling growth rate or causing unwanted cells to die are known as tumor suppressor genes.

DNA mutations sometimes turn on oncogenes or turn off the tumor suppressor genes. It is the main cause of getting a carcinoma outburst.

Cervix may have two proteins named E6 and E7. These are carried by Human papillomavirus. Such proteins turn off tumor suppressor p53 and Rb genes in the organ. Thus, the cells in the cervix lining start uncontrolled mutation and the tumor starts to form.

But, HPV can’t cause the disease alone; HIV infection or habits like smoking or unregulated alcohol consumption add to the risk quotient.

cervical cancer causes
Cervical Cancer Treatment types

Disease types

Preventions

One of the well-tested ways to prevent the disease is having screening tests. These tests would help your doctor to trace out conditions that may convert to carcinoma.

The HPV Test

This test paves way for infection cross-checks from Human papillomavirus. It helps the tester in finding the high-risk elements of the virus that are most likely to cause the preparatory diseases and ultimately the malignant tumor.

Two types of HPV tests are available. The first one is a primary test while the other is part of a co-test. You will be offered the test available in your area only.

Pap test

It is also called a smear. The procedure involves a collection of cells from the cervix. These are properly ordered to enable the tester to examine those from a vicinity in the lab. Both cancers and pre-cancers can be found out. This test is often done during a pelvic examination, though it is not imperative.

Before testing, the pathologist must gather knowledge about the fiercest cervical cancers in women that have never been put under regular Pap tests. Other precautionary measures include:

  • Staying away from smoking.
  • Consuming limited alcohol or stay refrained.
  • Using condoms or other preventive measures while having sexual intercourse.
  • Do not allow yourself with HPV exposures. Avert skin-to-skin contact to the furthest extent possible.
  • Avail HPV vaccine; it protects children and adolescents from having cervical cancer.

Diagnosis

Screening

Diagnosis for cervical cancer starts with screening. The screening tests mainly involve Pap test and HPV DNA Test that I have already discussed in the ‘Prevention’ sub-chapter. Both the tests help in identifying the disease before it starts becoming metastatic.

Test

Treatment of cervical cancer starts with a detailed examination of the organ. More than often, the doctor uses a particular magnifying instrument called a colposcope for this purpose.

While conducting the test, the pathological doctor may require a sample tissue from the cervix cell lining for better results. The tissue is gathered by following any of the two processes mentioned hereunder:

  • Punch biopsy involving pinching off a small cervical tissue sample with a sharp tool.
  • The secondary procedure is called the Endocervical curettage. Your doctor will either use a curet or a thin brush to scrape a cervix tissue sample. Curet is a small and spoon-shaped instrument.
  • In an electrical wire loop, your pathologist will use a thin, low-voltage electrified wire to gather a small tissue sample. Being it an invasive process, the area is made numb with ice or any other local sedating agent.
  • Cone biopsy involves a collection of cervical cells from grave regions. The process is recommended when the cancer is expected to have rooted deep into the cells.

Staging Tests

After screening, your doctor would like to know about the disease spread. Knowledge about the stage is vital for fixing the treatment type.

  • Your surgeon will order various imaging tests. These tests may include X-ray, CT or MRI scan, and positron emission tomography. One of the other would help your medical team know if the disease has gone beyond the organ.
  • Special scopes are used to examine the bladder and rectum inside.

Surgery

  • The surgeon may decide to cut cancer entirely with a cone biopsy if the disease size is too small.
  • Early-stage carcinoma is sometimes treated with a radical trachelectomy procedure. The procedure includes the removal of the organ and selected tissues from the surrounding areas. Your uterus will remain after the procedure thus leaving your option of becoming a mother again.
  • Numerous, at least the most, early-stage cervical cancers are cured with a radical hysterectomy surgical process.
  • Under the process, your surgeon eradicates any recurrence option. Therefore, h/she removes the cervix, uterus, part of the vagina, and nearby lymph nodes. As h/she removes the uterus, your chance of becoming a mother again also goes off.
  • Minimally invasive procedures are now more prevalently used in treating early-stage diseases. People prefer it for fewer after-procedure aches. Faster recovery is also feasible with the process.

Radiation

High-powered energy beams are used to delimitate carcinoma cells from any body part. These rays are usually X-rays or high-beam protons. Doctors often recommend chemotherapy along with the process as a primary treatment module for local cervix carcinomas.

Radiation is also used to prevent any chance of resurrection. It is offered:

  • Directing a beam from an external position at the affected zone.
  • Radiation can also be offered internally; in this, your doctor will place a device filled with radioactive materials inside the vagina for a few minutes. It is removed no sooner than the process is over.
  • Consecutive internal and external applications.

Targeted therapy

The targeted drug healing is an interesting process. In this treatment, your doctor will aim to focus on particular weaknesses demonstrated by the affected cells. Drugs work in blocking or eliminating these limitations. Severely affected cells die as such disorders are removed. Others become healthy again.

The procedure is an option for advanced carcinoma in the cervix lining cells. Chemotherapy often accompanies the procedure.

Immunotherapy

This treatment procedure increases the immune system’s ability to combat diseases like cancer. Our inept immune cells often could not recognize the cancerous cells due to protein coverage that makes these unrecognizable.

Immunotherapy works in removing the protein layer and makes the diseased cells exposed to the troopers in our immunity pattern. These fighter cells then attack the infection and destroy it. Doctors experiment with the procedure to deeply-staged diseases, particularly where other attempts have been failed.

Palliative care

The palliative or supportive care method is also considered for deep-rooted cases; it works in providing relief from pain and other symptoms.

Often such a care method is installed as an additive to the current care process. The care unit forms a board before implementing such a process. The team will comprise your main doctor and other treating members of the team, your family members, and you.

You can expect a better feeling after successful implementation. Supportive care also works in lengthening your life span after the treatment. You can have a life quality that may be even better than the previous.

Final statement

Lucky are those people whose constraints have been removed with a procedural treatment course. From the discussion, you know how stressful the treatment process is. Again, you will see the flickering light at the end of the path when you will be spending a joyous life with peers at your family. Proper diagnosis and treatment have also removed your worries about recurrences.

However, your luck, let god forbid, may not be that good. You may have to continue processes like chemotherapy, radiation, and other therapies to control the disease from expanding further. Your doctor has already disclosed it as an incurable type.

Learning to live with a disease is a huge mind-blocker.

Cervical Cancer Treatment Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost cervical cancer treatment in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for cervical cancer treatment at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The cervical cancer treatment costs range from $4,600 to $8,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the Cervical Cancer Treatment hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable costs. The cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment varies widely. For Cervical Cancer Surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist/oncologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

cervical cancer symptoms
cervical cancer satges

Frequently Asked Questions about Cervical Cancer Treatment

When should you consult the doctor?

If you feel pain while intercourse, consulting a doctor is a must.

How long patients get to prepare for prevention and care?

Cervical cancer spreads at a much slower rate than other forms of cancers. Therefore, patients should not scare about the spreading of the disease throughout the body.

Who can become a subject of cervical cancer screening?

Women between the ages of 21-29 should visit the doctor for cervical cancer screening every three years.

What is a Pap smear?

It is a test for cervical cancer. Cells are collected from the cervix and examined under a microscope to find out a stint of tumors. It helps check the existence of other diseases too.

How can I reduce the risk?

Take regular screening after you attain the age of 21.

How are the small cell cervical cancers treated?

Doctors determine the exact treatment pathway on its prolongation. Harsh modes of treatment typically opt because the diseases expand faster than their peers. Additional ranges of chemotherapy are recommended in the first place.

Sometimes, a combination of both radiotherapy and chemotherapy is also offered. The doses are provided in the C-R pattern. Surgery is also recommended if the case is found operable.

Why consider India for Cervical Cancer Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Cervical Cancer Treatment tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Cancer Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • Action Cancer Hospital
  • SIMS Hospital, Chennai
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Asian Heart Hospital
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad
  • Saifee hospital, Mumbai
  • Bombay Hospital & Medical Research Centre

Top Cancer Specialist in India

  • Dr. Sanghavi Meghal Jayant
  • Dr. Mathangi
  • Dr. Raja Sundaram
  • Dr. Jagdeesh Kulkarni
  • Dr. Rahul Bhargava
  • Dr. Manas Kalra
  • Dr. C Rayappa
  • Dr. P Jagannath
  • Dr. Adwani
  • Dr. Vikas Dua
  • Dr. Jalaj Baxi
  • Dr. Rajeev Agarwal
  • Dr. Ashok Vaid
  • Dr. Narmada Prasad
  • Dr. Arun Prasad
  • Dr. Deepak Sari
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