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Cancer Treatment in India


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What is Cancer?

Cancer is a body cell condition. It arises when our cell’s DNA fails to control its mutation. Thus, they grow uncontrollably and spread to important body organs.

During such infiltration, these newly-grown unproductive cells destroy the active normal body tissues. Infertile cells form a lump in our body. This is formally called a tumor or cancer.

This disease is the second-leading medical death creator in the world. Medical scientists are relentlessly working to improve the death status. Their sincere efforts had made significant improvements in symptoms screening, analysis, prevention, and treatment.

Understanding Cancer

Doctors speak about two tumor types. The first one retains in the generating area. It does not spread to another body part. These are called benign tumors.

Benign carcinomas are not fatal. Usually, they do not turn back once removed. Sometimes, these turn cancerous too. Brain tumors, for instance, cause serious symptoms at advanced stages. Often these start as benign brain lumps.

This is a genetic sickness. Thus, it forms with gene changes. It controls our cell functions including their growth and division.

Carcinoma ailment occurs due to combined genetic changes. Additional changes arrive as it grows further. Diagnoses have found various genetic changes in the affected cells.

Genetic changes happen due to an error in the cell division process. These include:

  • Damage to DNA. Such damages may occur due to the presence of harmful agents in the environment. The chemicals within smoking agents pose serious cancerous threats.
  • Sun UV rays can also bring about a change in our DNA.
  • Parents often supply damaged DNA to their wards.

At a younger age, our body eliminates DNA-damaged cells. So, they cannot spread to effective body areas and create Cancer. With age, our natural body immunity decreases. Therefore, we become more prone to such diseases.

Cancer Treatment In India
Cancer Treatment cost in India


Cancer reflects several signs. It, however, depends on the affected body parts. Patients usually report to a clinic with the following signs and symptoms. Sometimes, these may prove irrelevant to carcinomas.

  • Feeling wearied.
  • Feeling of a lump under the skin.
  • Jaundice.
  • Skin redness or darkness without any apparent reason.
  • Sores not healing; you may witness changes to existing moles too.
  • Change in bowel movement.
  • Bladder habits may also be changed.
  • Breathing trouble.
  • Persistent cough.
  • H/she may feel swallowing.
  • Voice hoarseness.
  • Continued indigestion; there could be post-meal uneasiness too.
  • An uncanny muscle or joint pain that recurs frequently.
  • Unexplained fever followed by night perspiration.
  • Bleeding and/or bruising.

You should report doctor if you get continued signs and symptoms like those mentioned above. You should inform your doctor if anything worries. H/she will arrange for appropriate screening or disease analysis under these circumstances.


Gene mutation is a leading Cancer factor. It happens in cell DNA. The procedure comprises.

  • Instructing the cells to allow growth. Before a cancerous situation, cells start to divide and grow faster than is expected. Unplanned cell division produces infertile cells. If results in forming a tumor.
  • Normal cells never go to mutation unless instructed by their controlling DNA. Thus, when you upkeep the healthy condition, your body system contains the right number of cells. Things go reverse in the cancerous cells. Mutation in the tumor suppressor gene allows unproductive cells to grow uncontrollably. It causes cell accumulation and forms a timorous form into your body.
  • DNA constitutes repair genes too. These cells look for mistakes in DNA formation. These can also correct errors. Mutation in these repair genes infers that other mistakes were not corrected. An inability to correct faults brings about carcinoma.

Types of cancer-producing genes

Carcinoma diseases arise due to uncontrolled gene mutations. Studies have revealed that three types of genes are involved in these types of mutation. They include proto-oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and DNA repair changes.

Proto-oncogenes induce a normal cell to divide and grow. Sometimes, these genes change in a certain way. With such changes, this is converted into benign or malignant tumor cells.

DNA repair genes fix damages in the DNA. Doctors become more alert when they observe an uncontrolled in these protector genes. This brings up changes in their chromosomes. These changes may include deletions and duplications in the parts of the chromosome. Often these occur simultaneously from the ailment.

Disease Types

They name a Cancer disease based on the organ it fundamentally affects. For instance, lung cancer starts in the lung, brain carcinomas generate in the brain, etc. Sometimes, the doctors describe them by the tissue type where these are formed. The epithelial or squamous cell cancers are good examples.

In the following lines, I am going to describe a few disease categories. These are often in specific cells-types.


These are the commonest cancer type. Usually, they generate in epithelial cells. Carcinoma can again be of different types. These include:

  • Adenocarcinoma: This ailment forms in mucus-producing body units. These tissues are glandular in form. Disease generate in the breast, colon, and prostate.
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma: It begins in the lower or base epidermis layer.
  • Squamous Carcinomas forms in the squamous cells. They locate beneath the skin's outer surface. These cells appear like fish scales when viewed under a microscope.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: It forms in a particular type of epithelial tissue called the urothelium. This tissue comprises several epithelial cells. Such cancerous diseases generate in our bladder, ureter, and kidney.


It affects bone and soft tissues. It can be of different types. These include Osteocarcinoma. Other sarcoma diseases include leiomyosarcoma, Kaposi Sarcoma, Malignant fibrous histiocytoma, liposarcoma, and dermatofibrosarcoma.


Blood cancer, i.e. Leukemia begins in the blood-forming tissues of the bone marrow. The disease does not form solid tumors. Large numbers of abnormal white blood cells build up in the blood and bone marrow.

The disease quickly spreads to different body parts. It limits oxygen supply to the blood-carrying veins.


This killer disease affects our body's immune system. It begins in the lymphocytes. Cancer grows when abnormal lymphocytes grow in the lymph nodes and lymph vessels. Later it can shift to other body organs.

Lymphoma can of two types:
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma starts from B cells. People having this disease get an infection from Reed-Sternberg cells. These are abnormal lymphocytes types.
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is a large cancer group. It starts in lymphocytes. These undergo faster growth. Both B and T cells can be affected.


This condition begins in cells that later become melanocytes. These body units make melanin. It is the pigment that gives our skin its color. Melanoma usually grows on the skin. But, it may affect other pigmented tissues like the eye.

Multiple Myeloma

It begins in plasma cells. Uncontrollably grown plasma cells grow in our bone marrow. The resultant myeloma cells thus form bone tumors throughout the body.

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

These can be of several types. They nomenclature these based on their generating cell characteristics. The first formation site is also considered while naming these cancerous diseases.

For instance, an astrocytic tumor begins in the astrocyte. It works in keeping the nerve cells healthy. Brain tumors can be both benign and malignant.

Signs of Cancer
Cancer Diagnosis



You will get the best remedy provided doctors can recognize the disease at its earlier stage. It starts with a body screening. It helps your doctor feel the condition's existence. Later h/she recommends various tests for confirmation.

Cancer screening can be of various types. Patients need to talk to the doctor while finding the appropriate screening method.


Your doctor starts disease analysis with a physical examination. During such examination, h/she tries to feel different body areas for lumps or bulges. An abnormal accumulation may be a carcinoma.

While conducting such an examination, H/she looks for other abnormalities too. Skin color change or an organ enlargement may also be a disease indication.

Lab Tests

Urine and blood tests help diagnose abnormalities in the patient’s body system. For example, a complete blood count test for leukemia suspects may reveal significant WBC in the bloodstream.

Imaging Tests

These are noninvasive processes that help test bones and internal organs against cancer. Thus, your doctor can analyze whether the disease has spread to bones and other organs.

Common imaging tests include CT scan, Bone Scan, magnetic resonance imaging test, PET scan, and USG. Acute X-ray methods can also help in this process.


It involves collecting sample tissues from the affected areas for laboratory testing. Cancer biopsy depends on the disease type and the patient’s overall medical condition. In many cases, this has proved to be the only definitive analysis procedure.

When put under a microscope, normal cells look uniform. Doctors identify diseased cells from


Cancer treatment starts with disease stage determination. It helps your doctor to decide your befit treatment option. Staging also helps him/her to know your recovery possibility too.

They fix these stages with roman numerals starting from 0 through IV. A higher number indicates a grave ailment.


Cancer treatments have perpetuated objectives. However, surgeons try their best to help you achieve a quality post-treatment life. Based on the objectives, these healing methods may be a primary, adjuvant, or palliative type.

  • In primary treatment, doctors aim at complete surgical condition removal. H/she may also decide to kill the cancerous cells with chemotherapy or radiation.
  • An adjuvant treatment consists of chemotherapy application after a surgery process. The application of chemotherapy, radiation and hormone therapy helps the surgeon to remove remaining carcinoma cells after the process.
  • Palliative treatments help reduce complications after surgery or other tumor treatments. These can minimize disease signs and symptoms too.

Methods practiced

Stem Cell Transplant

It involves bone marrow replacement. Bone marrows are blood cell-producing agents in our bodies. Surgeons use their cells in doing such substitution. If your body does not contain enough healthy cells, they use donor marrow. This procedure allows doctors to use higher chemotherapy doses to cure the carcinoma.


The process is called biological therapy too. It uses your body's immune system to combat the disease. Cancer survives in our body when the body's immune system fails to recognize this as an intruder. Immunotherapy induces them to identify the interloper and attack it.

Hormone Therapy

Your disease may fuel particular hormones while creating the infection. Hormone therapy removes these hormones from the affected gland. Alternatively, they can block the effects too. Thus, the cancer cells stop growing.

Targeted Drug Therapy

Treatment includes focusing on specific abnormalities within the affected cells. Canceling these anomalies helps the patient survive for a longer period.


It aims at complete disease removal. Surgeons try their best to remove as many disease components as possible.


This involves applying high-powered X-ray and proton beams to kill cancerous cells in your body. In most cases, it is applied from an external beamer. Under certain circumstances, doctors creep the machine into your body.


It involves using drugs to eliminate cancerous cells.

Clinical Trials

Your treatment team may require investigating new plans to treat Cancer.

Treatment complications

Cancer treatments accompany several hazards. These include:

  • Pain.
  • Breathing issues.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • A weight loss.
  • Cancer may upset your body's chemical balance; it is hard to retrieve as soon as your treatment is over. Common complicacies include excessive thrust, frequent urination, and confusion.
  • Brain and nervous disorders.


An important part of your carcinoma treatment is its chance to recur. Most of the disease types have a relapsing attitude. Do not forget to ask your doctor about such chances. Cope up with the follow-up care plan that your doctor has asked you to follow after the treatment. Stay disciplined is needed to stay healthy.

Cancer Treatment Cost in India

  • One can easily find low-cost skin cancer treatment in India as compared to other western countries.
  • Along with quality services and satisfaction for skin cancer treatment at affordable prices, most international patients prefer India.
  • The cancer treatment costs range from $4,000 to $15,000. It depends upon the complexity of the treatment and services facilities from the hospital.

Get details of the Cancer Treatment hospitals in India that offer higher success rates at affordable costs. The cost of Cancer Treatment varies widely. For Cancer Surgery, it is necessary to choose the proper specialist/oncologist in India. HMSDESK helps patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the Best Oncologist in India. Various hospitals and clinics in India have gained massive popularity all over the world. International patients preferred places for the surgery or treatment would be tier one, in developed cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Mangalore, Kochi, Jaipur, and Pune.

Follow-up cancer care After Treatment

Cancer care involves regular medical checkups Specialist doctor reviews of a patient’s physical exam and medical history. It is necessary to get follow-up for cancer patients and may include imaging procedures, endoscopy, blood work, and other lab tests.

Follow-up care not only helps to identify changes in health but also check for the return of cancer in the primary point, address ongoing problems due to cancer, early detection of other types of cancer, and the spread of cancer to another part of the body (metastasis). For cancer survivors is necessary to have follow-up care. The follow-up care depends upon the type of cancer and the person’s overall health. Commonly after treatment, the patient gets a follow-up appointment every 3 to 4 months during the first 2 to 3 years. After full recovery once or twice a year.

Frequently Asked Questions about Cancer Treatment

Why consider India for Cancer Treatment?

India is promising as one of the favorite destinations for Cancer tourism in the world due to its affordability, accessibility, and much cheaper rates.

Who gets cancer?

People get cancer under the following circumstances:
  • Age: This disease is chronic. Thus, it may take years to develop. Therefore, aged people are softer victims. However, the latest studies show that carcinoma has no absolute age preferences.
  • Habits: Exuberant lifestyle increases cancer risks. Lifestyle risks include smoking and drinking. Experts say over drink a day could be vulnerable for a woman. For men, the number is two. Getting high sunbath is a killing habit,
  • Frequent Blistering Sunburn.
  • Obesity.
  • Having unguarded sexual intercourses.
  • People having a cancer history may get the disease. However, experts say that it has much fewer chances. Inherited mutations seldom convert into carcinoma.
  • Chronic health conditions include ulcerative colitis. It significantly increases cancer risks.
  • Working in a hazardous climate. For instance, a chemical factory poses greater disease development odds. Asbestos and benzene pose a serious threat to health.

What is cancer?

Cancer is a literary term. People use it to describe a particular physical condition. In fact, it is a generic term for a large disease group. These diseases can begin at any body’s part. It has the power to affect several body parts other than the generating zone. These additional cells spread to other organs too, thus affecting those too. Doctors call the procedure metastasis. Metastatic cancers are more fatal then the primary varieties. The latter does not spread beyond a certain appendage. Cancer is the 2nd leading medical death cause in our planet.

What causes cancer?

It is often difficult and sometimes impossible to determine a particular carcinoma reason. Researches have handed over a bundle of factors. Some of these factors alone can create the disease. Sometimes they form the disease in association with other factors. Major cancer causes include:
  • Exposure to chemical or other toxic compound environments.
  • Working in hazardous conditions. Pathological lab workers work under alpha, beta, gamma, and X-ray exposures. This could be serious life-threatening.
  • Being in ionizing radiations. You can get such radiations from Uranium and radon.
  • Having HIV, HPV, or Merkel cell Polyomavirus infections.
  • Genetic factors.

How does cancer start?

Carcinoma starts as genetic changes occur in the body cells’ DNA. With this, DNA alters its pattern to control cells’ growth and division. Often our cellular DNA damages by external environmental factors. Chemicals in tobacco and UV rays are two dominant disease-creating environmental agents.

Why do some people get cancer and not others?

Doctors could find out several tumor-creating factors. Thus, they have a fair idea of why people get cancer. According to them, gene mutation is the chief tumor creator. Some of these genes may be congenital too.

Most people do not associate a cancerous disease. This ailment does not affect children unless h/she carries the same in their genre.

Is cancer genetic?

Selected disease types are genetic. You cannot link most cancerous diseases to our genes. Often, environmental factors and our lifestyle patterns cause a DNA course of actions.

We are now more knowledgeable about the inner cell’s working pattern. We should thank the advent in genetics and molecular biology for this. For instance, they proved genetic testing useful for some people. Often, they diagnose these as genetic carcinomas.

Is cancer contagious?

No, you cannot get cancer from someone else. You will not get them from sexual integration. Kisses, sharing meals, or breathing in the same environment cannot spread these. Cancerous cells cannot live in alien persona.

Once it enters a foreign body, the internal immune system would find and destroy it. Often virus, bacteria, and parasite’s presence symptoms may resemble tumor diseases. These are infectious. Carrying those signs may lead other people to think you have developed cancer.

Is there a vaccine for cancer?

There are vaccines to treat existing cancers. They call it treatment or therapeutic vaccines. You will get these antidotes under the pseudonym immunotherapy.

Vaccine treatment boosts the internal immunity system. It can thus find and destroy antigens. These antigens often occur in molecular shape on the surface of the cancerous cells. Healthy cells do not have such outward linings.

Vaccine offers similar molecules in a mild form. They work in antigen particle disguise. These elements help the body immune system to:

  • Find and identify the cancerous cells.
  • Destroy the malignant cells.
  • Prohibit the disease from coming back.
  • Destruct the remaining cancerous cells.
  • Make other tumors diminish and non-existent.

Can we cure from cancer?

You have asked if any treatment can cure cancer. It implies that you need no further disease management. You also want an assurance that it will not retrieve in the future.

Doctors are unsure that cancerous symptoms won’t bounce back. Rather, its contrary is common. They say the longer you survive after treatment, the fewer are its relapse chances. They like to call it remission periods.

Remission is a time period when the disease responds to treatment. It is under control during this period. These are two types – complete and partial.

  • In complete remission, cancer signs and symptoms leave. No test would find any malignant cell.
  • Cancer shrinks in partial remissions. It does not go away.

What are the stages of cancer, and what do they mean?

Cancer has stages. These stages mean their extent in the ailing body. Tumors-involving carcinomas have five broader stages. They refer to these with Roman numeric. There are cancers that do not carry tumors. These include leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancers. They have their exclusive staging patterns.

Digits 0, I, II, III, and IV are stage determinants.

  • Stage 0 shows there is no cancer. However, the patient has abnormal cells in his/her body. These cells carry disease potentials. They call it carcinoma in place.
  • Stage I mean that the disease is small. It also infers that our body system could confine it in a particular zone. Often these are carcinomas in their earliest stage.
  • Stage II means that the condition has become larger. It shows potential to become malignant.
  • Stage III means the disease has phased to nearby tissues and lymph nodes. It shows metastatic alarms.
  • Stage IV infers it has already spread to other body parts. Doctors call it an advanced carcinoma.

Does cancer have symptoms?

Yes, doctors suspect cancer depending on some well-known formidable signs and symptoms. These include:

  • You have weight gain/loss by 10 pounds or more for no clear reason.
  • Fatigue or extreme tiredness. These don’t go off after ample rest.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Trouble in swallowing.
  • Belly pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Swelling.
  • Lumps growth anywhere in the body.
  • Thickening or lump in your breast.
  • Uncanny pain; often it worsens with time.
  • Skin changes; it may include a lump that bleeds or turns scaly.
  • A new mole growth or a change in a mole.
  • Sore that does not heal in time.
  • Jaundice.
  • Voice hoarseness.
  • Cough.
  • Unusual bleeding.
  • Bruising for no known reason.
  • Change in bowel habits.
  • Constipation and/or diarrhea; often these change your bowel appearance.
  • Pain while urinating.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Feel urinating in higher frequencies.
  • Night perspiration often accompanied by fever.
  • Headaches.
  • Vision or hearing impairment.

Do we get cancer from what we eat?

Diet can be an important factor to influence tumor diseases. For instance,

  • High-fat and low-fiber diets may bring in bowel, uterine, lung, and prostate cancers.
  • Less alcohol consumption reduces hosts of cancers risk.
  • Dieticians stress over maintaining healthy body weight. It cancels lots of diseases, even carcinomas.
  • Consume seasonal foods and fruits. Including these into diets saves both of your lives and pockets.
  • Doctors do not recommend any special diet for cancerous patients. In fact, there is nothing mentionable.

Does cigarette smoke cause cancer?

Smoking can cause cancer in any part of our body. You can get the disease in your mouth and throat with smoking dints. In most cases, cigarettes affect the lungs. It also affects various cardiac parts.

It also affects several other areas in our kidney and stomach regions. Others include the renal pelvis, urinary bladder, and cervix. It causes acute myeloid leukemia too.

What effect does alcohol have on causing cancer?

Alcohol is a complex compound. Our body's decaying pattern oozes out acetaldehyde from it while we drink. Acetaldehyde damages the cell DNA. Besides, it prohibits your body immune system to repair such damages.

With cell functioning controlling unit damage, the cells start to mutate uncontrollably. It yields unproductive cell mass. These create a cancerous lump.

Does conventional treatment work?

The conventional cancer treatment spectrum includes three basic methods. These are operations, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Medical sciences also allow less applicable methods like immunotherapy and hormone therapy. They apply immunotherapy in the experimental research. Hormone therapy works in breast and prostate cancer treatment. Both work at the initial stages.

Cardiologists and oncologists should only apply the accepted methods and reject others.

Can we prevent fatigue in cancer?

The fatigue sources in cancer can be of various types. These may include anemia or pain. Thus, doctors concentrate on healing these at the first instant. Palliative caregiving also works well.

Besides, doctors and Para-medical staffs suggest different exercises, Yoga, and massage therapies. Counseling over diet and nutritional effects has also shown excellent results.

If you develop sleep apnea, they will offer you some sleep therapies. These treating principles help minimize sleep disturbances. Their analysis also helps you learn about sleep hygiene.

Why is the treatment so awful?

Cancer treatment takes you out of normal life. You may feel sad or panicked once they tell you about it.

With progressive treatment policies, it is nothing more than any chronic ailment healing. Technological advancement brings up access to elaborative diagnostic tools. With eased principles, cancer treatment is not dreading these days.

Is fatigue a real symptom?

No lab test or other diagnostic effect demonstrates fatigue level. Feeling tired is a purely psychological condition. It appears to your doctor in the way you describe it. They will ask you to rank fatigue based on its severity.

Rank 0 means it is non-existent. Rank 10 implies the worst fatigue. The treatment team helps you in describing the tiredness level.

Why are people so frightened of cancer?

Phobia for disease is natural. Currently, we are dreading about COVID-19 if anyone among us has got it.

Fear of cancer or carcinophobia is tolerable to a certain extent. Anything beyond the limit puts us into concern. Critical observation blames rumors for such frightening.

Can humans ever be free of cancer?

It is not a onetime event. Its nature is recurrence. People once having this disease become lifetime victims. This clause applies to carcinoma irrespective of its type.

How can someone get a second opinion?

Once you decide to take a second opinion, ask your first doctor about it. Ask him/her how h/she had descended to the treatment plan. You should ask your second doctor the same question once h/she arrives at the same conclusion.

Don’t forget to ask how they interpreted your test results.

How can I get the best from my doctor?

Follow these tips:

  • Ask your family physician to get you a good oncologist reference.
  • Keep a critical eye for high-quality care. You should consult journals to know more about it.
  • Check the clinic authentication.
  • Meet as many doctors as you can afford.
  • Ask your oncologist and surgeon about their qualifications and experiences.
  • You can also ask for case reports to check their credentials.

For Surgery Some Countries From Which Patients Travel To India:

Best Cancer Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Blk Super Speciality Hospital
  • Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Saifee Hospital
  • Jaslok Hospital
  • Global Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity Hospital
  • HCG Hospital
  • Action Cancer Hospital
  • SIMS Hospital, Chennai
  • MIOT Hospital, Chennai
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospital
  • Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital
  • S L Raheja Fortis Hospital
  • Asian Heart Hospital
  • Hiranandani Hospital
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • BLK Super Speciality Hospital
  • Yashoda Cancer Institute, Hyderabad
  • Saifee hospital, Mumbai
  • Bombay Hospital & Medical Research Centre

Best Cancer Hospitals in India

Hospitals in India offer State-of-the-art equipment and the latest technologies. Fully equipped ICU, CCU to recover patients. Advanced Equipment, Modern Infrastructure along with CTVS Operation Theatre.

  • The world-class quality standards of clinical care and surgery
  • Quick medical visa facilities
  • Modernized medical infrastructure
  • Trained and Experienced staff
  • Fully Equipped Hospitals with Technologies.
  • 24*7 medical care
  • A safe and cozy accommodation
  • Zero Waiting Time for Surgery
  • Highly affordable treatment cost.

Top Cancer Specialist in India

  • Dr. Sanghavi Meghal Jayant
  • Dr. Mathangi
  • Dr. Raja Sundaram
  • Dr. Jagdeesh Kulkarni
  • Dr. Rahul Bhargava
  • Dr. Manas Kalra
  • Dr. C Rayappa
  • Dr. P Jagannath
  • Dr. Adwani
  • Dr. Vikas Dua
  • Dr. Jalaj Baxi
  • Dr. Rajeev Agarwal
  • Dr. Ashok Vaid
  • Dr. Narmada Prasad
  • Dr. Arun Prasad
  • Dr. Deepak Sari
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